Posts by Jaime Ortega-Simo:
Interview conducted by Jaime Ortega.
Sergio Lardón Rusiñol.
Expert professor of Spanish Political science and Law
1) What does PODEMOS offer to Spain that the PSOE or PPV do not? Why is Pablo Iglesias consider the new hope for Spain’s youth?
PODEMOS uses social networks as the main tool to reach their political goals. Thanks to social networks, they can send a message to everyone and it reaches them instantly. They use three tools: Twitter, Appgree and Reddit. Of course they have a Web where you can find any information that you need to know about their structure and funding regarding PODEMOS. Thanks to these tools all citizens independently if he or she support Podemos, can participate in open debates.
PODEMOS is the political force in Spain who uses social media more and better than other parties. Nowadays, Internet is becoming more usual to get information, especially among younger people. Here PODEMOS is present and develop an intensive use of it. In recent months, some leaders of Podemos have been accused of corruption scandals. In every social network PODEMOS gave his supporters arguments to contrast the publications published in newspapers.
PODEMOS represent the fight against inequality that the crisis and austerity measures has generated in Spain. The images of evictions of families with children, the deterioration of public services as the Health System or the citizen who lost their money savings in Bankia after the scandal of “preferentes” is the best oil to boost parties like Podemos. But we can not forget that the origin of PODEMOS is the 15-M (massive protest in Puerta del Sol in Madrid in May 2011). When the 15-M started, they didn´t have a political party who received their support, now with PODEMOS this possibility has become real.
The economic crisis has broken the social contract in the Spanish society. Spanish people feel that they have no future and no jobs, and therefore they could not develop a normal life. This situation provokes frustration and many parts of society are staying outside of the system. Precisely, this layer of society is being mobilized by PODEMOS.
2015 will be a year of rupture in Spain’s political landscape.
The traditional parties who have been ruling Spain during fourty years have lost their power and now should share the power with other formations, not only Podemos could represent the left, but other parties in the right side are growing in the polls as the case of Ciudadanos or UPyD. The last poll of CIS (Sociological Research Centre) show how the younger (-25) don´t support and don´t feel identified with the traditional parties. This tendency is growing and represented a great challenge for PSOE and PP.
Without doubt, Podemos reflect a generational change in Spain. A generation born in a democratic Spain, that didn´t live the transition and neither participated in this political process. Both PP and PSOE have been ruled by the same political and economic elite. The reality is that Spain has changed and a new generation, before or later, will arrive to public institutions. In this sense, in my opinion, the recent abdication of the former king Juan Carlos I is not casual and Felipe VI, independently if you believe in monarchy or not, connects better with this sociological change. In fact, in spite of recent scandals the monarchy is one of the most value political institutions by Spaniards, even Pablo Iglesias has showed his interest to interview the new monarch and exchange points of view.
2) How did PODEMOS gain so much political terrain in such short period of time?
One of the major successes of PODEMOS is the use of political language. For example, in his book “Disputar la Democracia” (Contested Democracy), Pablo Iglesias made some references to the democracy concept, a concept that is accepted as positive and the public opinion consider it as fundamental to defend. So, in this sense, according to Iglesias PODEMOS must show this concept and the public opinion must associate this concept with the position that you are defending. For example, the Health System support by the state is a democratic right, however, the austerity program that damages this system is antidemocratic. I wrote this example, but there are other concepts with similar situation as human rights or empowerment of citizens.
In Europe the political debate has develop about the left and right axis. PODEMOS wants to break it and introduce another axis. The “people” and the “caste”, in other words, the persons who suffer the austerity programs against the persons who have a privilege position and never suffer it. We can take the owns words of Pablo Iglesias (leader of PODEMOS) to understand their position: “The power is not afraid of the left, they’re afraid of the people”.
Normally, the 15-M is established as the turn point of political history of Spain and the roots of Podemos. It is true, but in 2012 there were political election in Galicia, a north region of Spain where for first time was set up a left alternative to PSOE with possibilities to win an election against the Popular Party or Conservatives. Curiously, Pablo Iglesias participated as adviser of this formation and in some declaration he explained that this experience gave him knowledge that yes, an alternative to PSOE is possible.
3) A lot of socialist voters are turning to PODEMOS, does PODEMOS plan to help the working class by heavily taxing the wealthy (Corporations, Monolopolies…)?
PODEMOS has modified their policies in several occasions including their political and economic programs. When they present their program to European Parliament election, they propose don´t pay part of the public debt or reduce retirement age to 60. However, when the poll were shown it gave them the possibility to gain the election of their message to be moderate and today their political and economic program is like the program of social democratic party, in fact the Nordics countries are in many aspects their reference. PODEMOS argues that the reason of this change is that the program to European Parliament is different regarding the program of national elections.
PODEMOS has proposed their economic program in the documente “Proyecto Económico para la Gente” (An economic project to the people), that was elaborated by two prestigious university teacher, Vicenç Navarro and Juan Torres López. One of the first priorities is to facilitate the funding of the families and small/medium size enterprises, with different tools as ICO (Instituto de Crédito Oficial) with a Public Bank.
One of the most important economic proposals of PODEMOS is the reduction of the workday to 35 hours by week. From his point of view, this measure would suppose a growth of demand in the labor market and could down the rate of unemployment. The critics of this demand defend that this measure is flawed; in fact, this measure was tried in France during the 90´ and didn´t give the resulted expect.
One of the elements, in my opinion that characterize PODEMOS is their revivifications of national-popular interest. In 31 of January, PODEMOS called a great manifestation in Madrid and they labeled as “La marcha por el cambio”. In this meeting, the leaders of PODEMOS alluded concepts as patria (fatherland) or nation. In fact, they made reference to May of 1808 when the people of Madrid initiated an important riot against the Napoleon Army and this historic moment is considered as one of most important in the foundation of modern Spanish nation. In my opinion, it could be counterproductive that PODEMOS, who want to regenerate the political life in Spain, claim a riot that precisely brings to Spain more obscurity and banish any aspiration of freedom and liberty during the XIX century, the riots of May in Madrid, gave them power and supported the absolute monarchy of Fernando VII and definitely led away the liberal ideas and the illustration it represents.
4) How does PODEMOS plan to keep up with pension plans, employment, and get rid of the Spanish brick bubble that has damage the Spanish economy?
For PODEMOS, the capitalism and Business Company are not necessary caste. They establish clear distinctions. On the one side, the great economic power, represented for example with Santander Bank or entrepreneurs like Florentino Pérez, are caste. Entrepreneurs who obtain substantial economic benefits because they get public contracts, were defined by PODEMOS in this situation as “Capitalismo de amigos” (friendship capitalism). On the other hand, we find the small and medium size enterprises who sustain the system because they pay high tax, meanwhile the other simply don´t pay, according with the PODEMOS vision.
Some economists in Spain estimate that the cost of corruption is approximately €40bn. Both the PSOE (socialist party) and PP (conservative party) have important cases involving corruption. The business association and unions also have corruption scandals. Even the Monarchy or Army, both of the most important and value for Spaniards institution suffer the problem of the corruption. A part of the fact that this landscape fueled the support of PODEMOS, also provides the argument to build one of the most important aspect of their political narrative, the crisis of the regime of 1978 born with the transition from Franco to democratic Spain. They defend that this degradation of public life in Spain is consequence of political and economic failure of this system and the economic crisis have accelerated it. As consequence the consensus that was accepted in 1978 like Monarchy, territorial organization or political style now is not valid, as consequence we need to change everything and give the voice to the Spanish people.
On the other hand, PODEMOS also propose the creation of an especial government agency to haunt the tax fraud. In Spain, the estimation is that approximately a 20-25% is black economy and in addition the company establishes some of their benefits in tax heavens. In PODEMOS opinion, the tax income will improve if the government cope the two situations mentioned before.
The nationalization of some strategic sectors is another measure that PODEMOS contemplate. This option is allowed in the Spanish Constitution and gives to Spanish government the possibility to fix prices, minimum services or expropriate the private property. For example, PODEMOS has announced that if they govern the country the energetic sector will be restructured and will obligate to companies supply energy to the families that nowadays have not the possibility to pay for it.
5) According to a lot skeptics in the EU, PODEMOS is not a viable option to rule Spain. Do you agree?
Many specialist critique the economic program of PODEMOS because it supposes an increase of public spending and to funding it, there is only one way, escalation of public debt and more tax to citizens and business. On contrary, it would be necessary to low tax and reduce the public debt and focus our effort in reduce our bureaucracy and improve the facilities to do business in Spain.
Other of the measures of PODEMOS is the debt auditing removing the part that will be illegitimate. However, this plan crashes with a practical problems. When Spain issue debt, the persons or companies that buy this debt don´t know if their money will spend in building a hospital or fuel political corruption. So, how will PODEMOS establish the difference? It is technically difficult what creditors have the illegitimate debt and who don‘t. In any case, nowadays a majority of economist believe that is necessary to establish a new vision regarding the debt in south of European countries. Authors with a great prestige as Kenneth Rogoff or media as Financial Time defend the better option assuming that this debt is unaffordable, and as consequence a part of this debt must be forgotten.
- President of the ECB, Mario Draghi, IMF president Christine Lagarde, and European Commission president Jean Juncker oppose change in Spain with PODEMOS. Will it affect the relationship with the EU if PODEMOS wins?
For PODEMOS the austerity policy must end. They propose that the European Investment Bank become the tool to develop a great public inversion in infrastructures to boost the European economy.
PODEMOS defend the modification of the European Central Bank as prerequisite to overcome the economic crises. The ECB must include in its statutes the goal of full employment and achieve the social welfare. In this sense, the ECB must buy, without any kind of restriction, public debt of European countries like the United Kingdom and United States did.
One of the central issues of the political discourse of PODEMOS is the article 135 of the Spanish Constitution, a reform imposed from Berlin and Brussels. In the article, it stays fixed that the pay of Spanish debt has priority regarding the social welfare. PODEMOS aim to derogate this article and give priority to social welfare. However, the critics believe that the public debt does not belong to an abstract entity as one state, but belong to Spanish citizens and who must be paying it. As a consequence, we must impose a debt limit to not damage the Spanish economy.
Recently has been discovered the name Luxleaks, where we discover like a country of the European Union as Luxembourg and his administration negotiated with multinational companies a tax heaven for them. PODEMOS criticized this reality and defends the necessity of establish a European common system to avoid the heaven tax countries, because it undermine the cohesion of European Union.
PODEMOS have their political fate linked with Syriza, for better or worse. If the Government of Tsipras cope the pressure of Berlin and Brussels and achieve the success in their political confrontation, PODEMOS will be perceived like a valid and trusted political option. In fact, from mass media who give support to PP and the own Spanish Government have defended that there is no option for Greece, like there is in Spain. If finally the Spaniards discover that yes, there is a more important an different way to deal with the economic policy, Rajoy has an important problem in his hands.
Some newspapers have published that the Troika want to have a strong position regarding the demands of the new government of Athens because they understand that to stop Syriza also could potentially stop PODEMOS in Spain, and they need to act to that, because Spain is too important to the Eurozone that one fail in Spain could provoke a collapse of the entire European system.
- A lot of EURO skeptics have turned against Germany and France for imposing their rule over other countries with less financial power like Spain. Is there a possibility that Spain leaves Euro?
Definitely not, too expensive and risky to the Eurozone and European Union, if you take in consideration the importance and seize of Spanish economy and the domino effect that could generate if Spain leaves Euro, especially regarding France or Italy.
6) Will PODEMOS give Catalunya, and the Basque Country leeway to declare independence from Spain following the track of PSOE?
The Basque Country has a special fiscal treatment. In 2012 the goal of Artur Mas (the head of Catalonian Government, the Generalitat), was to get the same special treatment for Catalonia, however the central government in Madrid reject this idea and as consequence the parties in Catalonia decided to take the way of independence. In any case, what happen in Catalonia could happen in the Basque Country but for now, the independence of Baste Country or its vindication is not part of a political agenda in Spain, at least in short term.
PODEMOS in Catalonia has a political speech which confronts the regeneration speech of PODEMOS. The independency generates in Catalonia a feeling of illusion. In the rest of the country PP and PSOE don´t provoke a positive response to help Spain‘s future. In Catalonia, the independence is viewed as a possibility to build up a new country, a better country. Taking in consideration the polls, PODEMOS in Catalonia would be the three or four political parties in an electoral process, but a party with a paper hinge.
In any case, PODEMOS defend the right of Catalonian people to decide their future, in other words, they accept the principle of auto-determination. However, this position is not clear because obviously if they defend openly the right of Catalonian people to decide their political future they will suffer a decline in polls. PODEMOS try to solve this problem with the idea that Spain need a new “Proceso Constituyente” meaning a complete revision of Constitutional Law, but in my opinion this solution won’t fix the problem, if Catalonia decide finally leave Spain, what will PODEMOS do? The response or perception could determinate the vote of many Spaniards.
7) PP and PSOE accuse PODEMOS of lack of preparation. On their view, PODEMOS capability to improve Spanish politics is far from realistic, claiming its not organized well. What does PODEMOS response about these allegations?
One of the most important handicaps of PODEMOS is appear to public opinion as a political force who could govern the country in an efficient way. PODEMOS need that the citizens in Spain imagine Pablo Iglesias in a meeting in Brussels as Prime Minister and defending the Spanish interest. In this sense the image of Pablo Iglesias is credible negotiating with Angela Merkel, if Podemos can transmit that they are a valid option, a serious option, then PODEMOS could win the next elections.
PODEMOS is a transversal party. Here reside one of their strongest points, they need to obtain support of all segments of society. Without doubt, it is a strength and a prerequisite to gain a general election in Spain, but also it could become a weakness because cit ould generate internal contradictions and a lack of cohesion in their political project.
An important problem of PODEMOS is that their support rest in urban areas, but lack structure in rural areas. For now, this problem is due because the party does not sufficient structure in all parts of the territory, we can not forget that this is a party with just one year of experience. Probably, we will see this problem reflect in the next election in March 22 in Andalucia, a vast region of Spain with an important vote from rural areas, and PODEMOS had not time to gain, step by step these potential voters.
The big coalition between PP and PSOE is not probable, but not completely rejected. Some business association and important political and social figures in Spain have shown their support to this idea, especially if PODEMOS become the winner in the next election. I think that this scenario is possible only if PODEMOS could become a real option, but a grand coalition follows the German model and will be probably the electoral and political destruction of PSOE, as their voters never forget it and will be the next PASOK.
It is true that PODEMOS has a lot of merits and they count with excellent strategist. But also is true that without the electoral and political dissolution of the PSOE the ascension of PODEMOS would be impossible. The economic crisis simply has destroyed the socialist party in Spain and it is difficult to know if this party will be recovering to its former position. In my opinion, the consequences of economic crisis only have accelerated this process because the socialist party has already shown an internal crisis. The true is that the present socialist party is unable to present a credible project to Spanish society and a credible project of Spain as country. Nowadays, the PSOE seem to become the regional party of the south and poorest part of Spain, specifically Andalucia, and the support will be limited to this region.
8) Other critics point out that PODEMOS is a hidden communist ideological party. Has PODEMOS classify itself more towards socialism, communism or neither? If its not communist why do critics compare Pablo Iglesias with Nicolas Maduro from Venezuela, or SYZIRA in Greece?
There are several elements that allow us to link PODEMOS will adopt some strategies used in Latin-American countries, mainly in Venezuela. In first place comes the CEPS Foundation, where the more important leaders of PODEMOS are member of this foundation. CEPS received between 2002 and 2012 3.7 millions of euros in political and economic advisory.
Especially relevant is the role of Juan Carlos Monedero, number three of PODEMOS and was personal adviser of former President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez. In fact, Monedero participated in the redaction of current Constitution of Venezuela. Even other members of Podemos and regional leaders such as Luis Alegre (Madrid) or Gemma Ubassar also have collaborated with countries as Venezuela, Ecuador or Bolivia.
We must detail that these people mentioned are social scientist and it is normal that they give support and advise to other countries, especially countries from Latin-America, a region with strong ties with Spain. There are also more examples of collaboration between other social scientist from Spain who give advice to other countries, these might not precisely be leftist governments otherwise the opposition parties will try to gain the power.
More than the international ties between PODEMOS and Latin-American governments, from my point of view, there is other question that could damage the public opinion of PODEMOS. It is their connection with ETA or Batasuna, the basque terrorist group. I think that this link simply is not true and the accusation have no kind of foundation. However, the Spanish public opinion has suffered from ETA. This strategy is not new, when the 15-M surge, some political and media sector accused this movement that received support from Batasuna and ETA or recently, in the city of Burgos, had developed a strong movement against some decision of the authorities that some members of the Spanish government defined the protest. In some cases violent protest as terrorism act linked with ETA.
In this sense, other interesting questions is the relation of PODEMOS with Iran. Pablo Iglesias develop a program of political debate named “Fort Apache” which is broadcast in Hispan TV, the Spanish language TV of Teheran. As consequence, Pablo Iglesias, for representing PODEMOS, was accused of receiving funding from Iran. In response, Iglesias argued that this program, Fort Apache, sold by a Spanish tv producer independent of Iglesias, to Hispan TV.
9) Will Spain’s and US friendship be put in jeopardy with PODEMOS in power? What does PODEMOS expect from the US in response, if PODEMOS wins the elections?
Only NATO has been mentioned by PODEMOS in their political program. In the manifesto “Mover Ficha” (Move Piece), in the foundational manifesto of PODEMOS, we found that this party proposes the exit of Spain from NATO alliance with a referendum. Traditionally, the left parties in Spain have a critical view regarding the NATO.
A government with PODEMOS could crash with United States of America in several areas. The first, already mentioned, is NATO. The foreign policy of Washington in Latin America, specially the cases of Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela or Cuba would be another area of possible confrontation. However, there is not an inherent confrontation, with the recent rapprochement of Cuba-USA relation not understood by conservative forces in Spain. Until now, one of the criticisms about PODEMOS was precisely the idea of this new party to build another kind of relation between EU and Cuba.
The Middle East is another issue where a possible government of PODEMOS could crash with USA. In this sense, we could highlight the support of PODEMOS regarding Palestinian cause against Israel. However, this position is not new in Spain’s political landscape because traditionally, the left in Spain advocates to the creation of Palestinian State, which is lighter than on 1986 Spain not establish a normal diplomatic relation with Israel. Nowadays we are living tension in Ukraine, between Russia and United Stated and European Union on the other side. PODEMOS, does not specify very closely their foreign policy, but in this case probably adopt a posture of dialogue and understand Russia. PODEMOS wants to build a trustful relation between European Union and Russia because both international actors share common geopolitical and economic interest.
At the present, EU and United States are developing negotiation for the creation of a common free trade area; this possible agreement is label as TTIP. PODEMOS is contrary to this agreement because the sign of this treaty would be a disaster to industry and economy of European Union and for Spain. The confrontation with TTIP is not only with United States also reaching the European Institutions. The GUE/NGL group in European Parliament, the five MEP´s of Podemos belong this group, and disagree with the idea of TTIP.
10) What would Spain look like in the future with PODEMOS in power, if they indeed win the elections?
Without doubt, PODEMOS scare the political elite who is ruling Spain since the death of Franco. If Podemos win and conquer the power the reasons are obvious, but if the finally fail, PODEMOS will be an important wake-up call. In fact, just days after the election of 25 May to European Parliament, the government of Mariano Rajoy launched an economic package to fight the rate of unemployment among the younger.
The Spaniards are aware that voting PODEMOS won’t solve the problems of the country in a few months. The unemployment rates will not descent from 25% to 5% with the magic prescription of PODEMOS. But they aspire to get the country back on its foot. A country without evictions, without corruption, a country with decent political leaders. For them, PODEMOS could represent the opportunity to regenerate the political system.
The majority of experts coincide that the Spanish economy is recovering, and during 2015 the growth could achieve progress up too 3%. This will be more employment and the economic situation would improve. It is obvious that one of the main reasons to break forth is the economic crisis. The important question is to know is this recuperation will be sufficient to government. It seems, that the Popular Party bases for his political fight to send two essential messages to public opinion. One, the economic crisis is past, and second, PODEMOS is a menace to economic recuperation, so you should vote for us, lest you desire chaos to come to Spain.
PODEMOS defend the necessity of expansive policies with the goal to reactivate the economy and from this posit start to decrease the unemployed helping business improve, so the economy will enter in a virtuous cycle and Europe will be competitive and afford the debt problem in a better situation.
PODEMOS believe that Spain needs to change its economic model. The last economic development was based in two main pillars. On one side, the easy credit to families and companies. On the other side, a housing bubble that finally burst in 2008. PODEMOS defend the necessity to change the model to another base and add value and high quality, but in this sense nobody could counter it, and this position is shared with every political party in Spain.
In my opinion, in case to obtain the power PODEMOS will cope with three main problems or spaces where they will find opposition. The first is the international institution like European Union or International Monetary Fund who believe that austerity and freedom market, without any kind of state control, are the key to a healthy economy. The second, PODEMOS will suffer a strong internal media campaign, confrontation with the most important companies in Spain (who already show their preoccupation with PODEMOS) and an important part of Spanish citizens, in this sense we should remember that the recent polls show that a growth among the people who say they will never vote for PODEMOS. In the last, but not least important, the own structure of state. Spain has an important number of public civil servants who rule the state, PODMOS could find that these people don´t support or not agree with them, and PODEMOS can´t change them. PODEMOS will need the support of the high rank official of public administration because without them, to implement the political program is impossible.
PODEMOS has launched a goal maybe too high. PODEMOS must obtain the victory in 2015 because if they don´t get the disillusionment and frustration could provoke the disappearance of this newer political party and other parties as PSOE and IU with a solid national and regional structures could recover their lost votes again.
Questions by Jaime Ortega, interview by Barry Chemish.
I want to thank investigate journalist Barry Chamish for interviewing historical researcher Jon Phelps in his weekly radio show, using my questions and correcting me on some of my historical misconstrues for the benefit of the public.
By Pramod Sedhain.
Despite the change of government following the uprising in 2011, Libya is still in conflict with the emergence of several militia outfits. The Libyan post-revolution transition has seen flared-up conflict in country. After the overthrow of the most provocative dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, the country failed to guarantee the country’s safety and democracy. Gaddafi was murdered by rebel forces on 20 October 2011 in a culvert at his hometown in Sirte.
People had hoped that Gaddafi’s fall would see stability in the country. They had hoped that the fall of Gaddafi regime would bring democratic changes in the country. However, the revolution only changed the system but failed to secure democratic system. The six-month long civil war toppled the 42-year dictatorial regime but power-struggle still continues in Libya.
Libya’s transition is undoubtedly heading towards tragedy. Several militia groups are battling to gain political power by force. The interim authority is losing the grip of power. Libya is currently surrounded by fault line and Libya’s militia groups have overshadowed the government and leading to lawlessness. These militia groups claim to be legitimate giving threat to the entire democratic process. Libyan capital has seen several rival militias’ governments . International recognition central government operating only in the eastern city of Bayda .
Extremist groups continue to expand more territorial control and secure some of the significant energy resources. Militia groups have become a fashion with the idea that well-armed militias can easily generate income, social identity and power supremacy. The situation in Libya is getting worse with power struggle getting more chaotic and violent. Rival factions, which are more powerful than the government, have seized several places with their respective self-ruling army.
Armed fighters have hijacked people’s desire for democracy and stability. Brigades of fighters have gone out of control and unreliable central government’s initiatives to disarmament have failed. There have been growing conflicts between regional, religious and tribal groups in almost every major city with the internationally recognized government losing the major ground. Fragile ethnic and tribal balance has led to anarchism, lawlessness and impunity.
Deep division between former revolutionary factions has encouraged several radical terrorist groups. Global extremist groups have expanded their ground in Libya and their foothold is everywhere now. World’s most brutal and powerful terrorist group Islamic State (IS) has already a strong presence in Libya. Local extremist groups’ ties with global terrorist groups are the signs of growing threat and challenges to global security and regional stability.
Libya’s extremist militia factions have alliance with global terrorist networks with the country now becoming an extremist hub and recruitment centre. Libya has become the initial contact point for recruitment and training for international terrorist groups. African extremist youths’ training in Libya is sure to destabilize the entire region. Some groups already have allegiance to Islamic State (IS) terrorist group. This notorious group kidnapped 21 Egyptians there.
Libya is not only facing domestic chaotic situation but is also undergoing the biggest terrorist threat for the entire world. New international military intervention is necessary to prevent future terrorist attacks. The Western countries should not only monitor and track the terrorist activities but should need to initiate military action against them. Delay in military action will create a vacuum for radical militant groups.
Western nations should not avoid or underestimate Libya because they have moral responsibility to take the country to a democratic path. Western nations, which were involved in intervention in Libya (air and naval, arms shipment for rebels and formation the anti regime collation to topple Gaddafi regime) need to go for second intervention to disarm the militias and prevent the country from, becoming another Somalia.
Western nations, which were the architect in the task of removing the Gaddafi regime, have the moral obligation to political stability in Libya. The United States and France, especially, who led the NATO intervention campaign to topple the regime have to demonstrate another responsibility to create stability in Libya. Failure on their part will shatter the Libyan people’s hopes and the country’s future.
Warlord and extremist militia could destabilize the whole region. Growing uncertainty, instability and civil war in Libya will have direct impact on the neighbors’ fragile border in Algeria (982 km), Chad (1,055 km), Egypt(1,115 km), Niger (354 km), Sudan(383) km, Tunisia(459) km and far from the boarder like Mali situation in 2013.
The European doorstep, Libya is currently treading on a dangerous path even more than Iraq and Syria. Libya, the oil-rich North African nation was once the highest country in terms of per capita GDP in the region. Now almost country significant territory has become an armed smuggling route for extremist. The 1,759,541 sq km area nation has three traditional parts – Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica.
They have now become hostile with each other while some regions wanting to separate from Libya. Political power and economic sharing negotiation is taking place with the facilitation from the international community. But, political stability is not possible without disarming the militant groups. Therefore, short term ground intervention and formation of professional and strong state security force, disarmament of all militia and tribal groups, massive surge operation of extremist groups is important.
There is a need to deploy international peacekeepers for a certain period under the leadership of African Union (AU) on the ground. Without effective control of the borders, extremist groups, smuggling routes, as well maintaining of law and order, political solution is not possible.
By The Daily Journalist.
Full Video of mass beheading of Egyptian Christian Coptic’s
By The Daily Journalist.
The new cover of French satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo has provoked a strong unease among the Muslim world, despite its conciliatory message.
The Islamic State has described as “extremely stupid” the new issue of the satirical cartoons of Mohammed, after the terrorist attack in which 17 people were killed including the three jihadists: “Charlie Hebdo published cartoons back again concerning the Prophet and this is an extremely stupid act “, said the radius of the organization of the Islamic State.
The cover of the first issue of the magazine after the attack shows a sorry Muhammad and crying holding a poster with the message ‘Je suis Charlie’ (‘I’m Charlie’) under the phrase ‘All Is Forgiven’ (‘It’s all forgiven ‘).
Far from appeasing the spirits, the gala publication has also raised rage in Iran, which he described as “insulting gesture” the new cartoons “because they undermine the feelings of Muslims.”
“We condemn terrorism around the world, but at the same time condemn this insulting gesture weekly” said the spokesman of the Iranian diplomacy, Marzieh Afkham. “The drawing undermines the feelings of Muslims and can repeat the vicious circle of terrorism,” he added.
New wave of anger
“The abuse of freedom of expression, which is currently widespread in the West, is unacceptable and should be avoided,” said the Iranian spokesman.
The moderate president, Hassan Rohani, last week condemned “violence and terrorism”, whether in the Middle East, Europe and America, and considered that the attack on Charlie Hebdo would provoke a wave of Islamophobia.
On Tuesday, an Egyptian official agency said the cover of the publication is a “provocative act unjustifiably for feelings and a half billion Muslims worldwide love and respect the prophet.”
In a statement on its website, Dar el Ifta entity-an Egyptian official responsible for issuing fatwas (religious edicts) – ask those responsible for the weekly refrain from posting new cartoons against Muhammad and warns that disclosure will cause a “new wave of anger “in France and West complicating” coexistence and dialogue among civilizations pursuing Muslims. “
By The Daily Journalist.
A boy raises his gun, pulls the trigger and shoots two alleged Russian spies. It is the disturbing video released Tuesday by the media division of the self Islamic State (IS), which warns against any attempt by Western intelligence agencies operating in the lands of the caliphate proclaimed between Syria and Iraq.
“They have confessed to working for the Russian intelligence (FSB, Federal Security Service), who were recruited in Russia and sent to the Islamic State. By the grace of Allah, are now in the hands of the puppies of the caliphate,” says an adult fighter before the child, not exceeding ten years of age.
The video, 7 minutes and a half, including the interrogation of the executed. The detainees said that the Russian FSB (former KGB) ordered them to liquidate a senior IS member. “They also asked us to get information about Russian IS fighters shipped to Russia,” says one of the detainees of Kazakh nationality. The video, carefully edited, omitted the name of the target.
A slow, with the usual effects on the production of Al Hayat-the media division of IS for languages other than Arabic camera fragment shows the cold-blooded execution conducted by the minor. “After the caliphate became a land of Hijrah (emigration) and jihad (holy war), his enemies thought they could send their spies and agents to plot against the Islamic State, but Allah revealed their efforts and thwarted Putin’s plans” warns a voice input mode in Russian with translations in English and Arabic.
The video concludes with a fragment of a previous interview, released in late 2014, in which the child calls himself Abdullah and being from Kazakhstan- declares its intention to be “mujahideen” (holy warrior). “I will be one of your murderers, infidel,” said smiling. Not the first time the IS discloses videos that boasts of using children in their actions. Two months ago they released a video showing children recruited by the IS in a training camp in the province of Nineveh in northern Iraq.
A forced quarry
The use of child soldiers is a practice that IS successfully tested in neighboring Syria to shelter from a brutal civil war. “Childhood has, from the outset, a priority propaganda IS through meetings ‘dawa’ (preaching) and the days of rest. They are the next generation, which can perpetuate the existence group, “explained a few months ago newspaper expert Ayman al Tamimi.
In the Syrian city of Raqqa, the capital “de facto” caliphate proclaimed in late June, the IS fighters have established training camps to inoculate their fundamentalist interpretation of Islam to a promising legion of beardless. Among the lessons taught the organization schools the atrocious lesson of beheading “infidels”.
Several parents were forced to send their children to camp reported the web ‘Syria Deeply’ to their offspring tested the skills of chopping heads blue eyed blonde dolls dressed in the orange uniforms worn at Guantanamo. The “brainwashing” as some have dubbed-parent has manufactured loyal and enthusiastic “mujahideen” as revealed in August Vice US News web. In one of the videos filmed in Raqqa, the youngest of a classroom IS yells at the camera: “We promise car bombs and attacks will destroy the enemies of religion, to all those who fought IS.”.
In Raqqa and in Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city, children attend the stoning or crucifixion perpetrated in public places and in broad daylight. At his headquarters also an edict applied to the school curriculum deep pruning. “The following materials are permanently deleted: music, nationalist education, social studies, history, drawing, sports, philosophy ..” declared the statement.
By Jaime Ortega.
No one would have said it a year ago. Just six months ago, on the eve of the European elections, not even glimpsed the polls. Today, however, is emerging with increasing firm strokes as an unavoidable reality. PODEMOS, the new party born of rage in the streets, young teachers who question the above and down system lighting in Transition breaks with the interchangeable hegemony of the PP and the PSOE. It shatters the bipartisan game and breaks like a cyclone in the political landscape. General elections were held today, they would be the winners with 28.3% of the vote.
The rise has been meteoric, like an explosion. A real big bang. Last May, the European elections, surprised the country that reap 1.2 million votes, 7.9% of the vote, which allowed to be released in the Strasbourg Parliament with five seats. Three months later, in late August, on an early survey course multiplied and almost tripled its intention to vote up to 21.2% – which was ranked as the third political option at only one point the PSOE and nine of PP. Today, surpasses not just socialists, but PP’s party.
As of today PODEMOS will present itself as the first political force in Spain, with an intention to vote almost four times higher than that obtained in Europe, surpassing PP by two points, which achieved 26.3% – and more than seven to the PSOE, which would collect only 20%.
With these results, the Congress of Deputies would be divided into three blocks – dominate the left, half a dozen mini-groups, none of which would reach the 5% representation.
The pacts to form a solid government would be very difficult. The two possibilities openly present enormous complications: PODEMOS-PSOE agreement or a large PODEMOS-PP coalition.
In both cases, the future of the Socialists presents itself as a dark shadow, on the verge of dissolution phagocytosed by the novel Push Party run by Pablo Iglesias. Doomed to final eviction from their traditional voters, for it would be unthinkable to go together right .
The scenario that draws the survey may well be described as historic. It has never happened in Spanish politics: Come out of nowhere and take the win in an instant, like a magnet attracting from discomfort, disappointment, the desire to change and even rupture of a large part of the citizenry.
The reasons for this dramatic turnaround are evident to all, although both the traditional formations have tried to ignore: the sacrifices imposed by blood and fire to overcome the crisis, rampant corruption of some while most drowning or lack of prospects for young people are few.
If the data harvested PP and PSOE are compared with those obtained three years ago in the general election, the collapse is drawn in all its dimensions.
PP 18 points left
The PP has been left on the road 18 points and the PSOE, almost nine. Current forecasts voter dynamite theory as a fixed floor, or sits much lower than previously thought. The collapse of the ruling training, PP, is perhaps the most striking. The 44.6% who clinched the victory with an absolute majority has vanished in just three years. Never before for citizens had lasted so little.
The rejection of the Spaniards to this party and its government is increasing. Just 14.6% pose Rajoy as having a good image, compared to 56.5% who neglects him as badly or very badly. And this group includes one in five of those who gave their vote. The percentage of those who reject Him fires among the youngest to over 68%. Rajoy is a president who clearly does connect with youth.
But if the image of the leader is ailing, the whole government is ruinous. Less than 10% value to be good compared to 63% who suspends him unreservedly, including one in three popular voting. And although these percentages become evident, Rajoy refuses to make changes. His stated intention is to exhaust the legislature with the same faces with which it began.
The drift of the PSOE in the last three years has been too painful. True, started from an electoral defeat, but away from starting the process of regeneration have only deepen their misfortune. The new leadership of Pedro Sánchez has been welcomed but may come too late, when the electoral base of the party as been undermined by populist forces newly minted.
Socialist voters, especially young people, are tired of waiting. The PSOE knew three decades to embody the spirit of change, but that thrust and that ability to engage with the street just shows nothing is left. Now, is can the training aims to lead this second postdemocratic transition and, for the moment, a large part of the population says to be is excited about their message.
The fact is that the new force led by Pablo Iglesias has entered the national political scene stealing followers left and right. With their appearance not only severely wounded are both great, also have good braking root expectations caressing smaller parties.
This is the case of United Left (IU) -4.2% – which lost nearly three points over the result achieved in general and becomes a mirage 10% of the votes polled in the European elections.
By Jaime Ortega.
The leader of the Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was wounded in the air strike attack on Saturday launched by the US-led international coalition against the jihadist organization meeting of the Iraqi people in a border with Syria. This has been confirmed on Sunday by two Iraqi officials quoted on state television and the Ap.
An official of the Iraqi intelligence service has ensured that Islamic State informants have moved Al Baghdadi to a safe-haven, injured in the bombing which hit the Iraqi city of Al Qaim border with Syria, where it was held a meeting of the leaders of the group who proclaimed a caliphate somewhere between Syria and Iraq. A member of the Iraqi military, meanwhile, said that the leader of the IS has been hit by the attack.
Iraqi state television also reported the same story. None of the sources, however, has detailed the extent of the injuries presenting SI leader. The chain of Saudi Al Arabiya television said yesterday, citing tribal sources, Al-Baghdadi-the self proclaimed caliph of all Muslims would be in “critical condition”. News about the possibility that the leader of the IS have been victims of airstrikes have circulated several times in recent months.
United States without confirmation
The US Central Command (CENTCOM) said yesterday in a statement late on Friday that carried out a series of air strikes on a convoy ten armored vehicles around Mosul could move SI leaders. “We can not confirm whether the IS leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi was present,” the CENTCOM spokesman Patrick Ryder.
Dozens of people were killed in the bombing, including the leader of the IS in the Iraqi province of Al Anbar and jihadist organization responsible for the Al Qaim, a strategic location on the route between the broad areas controlled by the IS Syria and Iraq.
Two Witnesses told Reuters yesterday that the attack was directed against a home that housed a meeting of senior IS members. According to Mohamed al Karbuli, a deputy of the province of Al Anbar, “the international coalition struck a meeting of the leaders of the IS Saturday afternoon, killing and wounding dozens of people.” The politician added that the fighters had reached IS nearby a hospital in panic and ordered his immediate evacuation to their wounded so he could be treated.
Al Baghdadi headed -for US offering a reward of $ 10 million (about 8 million) – has to date only one public appearance. It took place last July in a mosque in Mosul, Iraq’s second city in jihadist hands since June, five days after he was proclaimed the Caliphate. His organization, with a solid structure, has captured several tens of thousands of foreign fighters and consolidate administration in the territories of Syria and Iraq under his yoke
By Jaime Ortega.
It was a referendum that went against President Barack Obama and all he lost, but Ronald Reagan never had a Republican majority in the House of Representatives either, and prompted a revolution when Bill Clinton achieved its major legislative successes after losing by a landslide on the elections of 94.
The key in both cases, was an opposition (Democrat with Republican Reagan and Clinton) willing to agree in the general interest and a very different style of President Obama.
Rand Paul the Republican Senator from Kentucky and one of the leading contenders for the Republican nomination in 2016, showed sparks of interested from the American voters. On the contrary, he decided to bomb Obama laws from the new Senate President, who has no other choice but to veto the proposed bill.
“Republicans today ignore the constructive engagement and all its platform in this election that has led to the demonization of Obama,” Robert Reich, the labor secretary under Clinton. “Obama has done virtually nothing to earn that commitment,” responded Republican strategist Leslie Sanchez.
To suddenly become responsible and government party, the Republicans will have to overcome first the civil war that divided Wall Street and big business on the one hand and the Tea Party on the other, very difficult if not even acknowledge that it exists.
Usual punishment on the party in office
The midterm elections almost always punish the party in office. This has happened in the last century and this time was no exception. Since 1898 the party has only increased the chairmanship seats in the House of Representatives in four mid-term elections: 1902, 1934, 1998 and 2002.
In 2014 that was in the game, especially the majority in the Senate and Republicans six more seats needed to regain control in 2006, they have achieved and surpassed.
Like any midterm election there has been the prelude to the next presidential in 2016. Republicans have received a vote of confidence to end the ‘guerrilla war’ they have with the Democrats and the executive, but nobody believes a miracle, so we must prepare for two years of blockade and rule by decree in the US.
Poll after poll, the electorate has expressed frustration and suspended the management of the entire political class, Democrats and Republicans alike, so that the effect of yesterday’s results in the upcoming presidential election and depends on what you do to each other from today to change that mood.
If the middle and lower classes are still seeing the benefits of recovery, with stagnant or falling wages, and the Republicans, rather than cooperate with Obama, block their major reforms, today’s victory may be futile to get the jackpot which is the White House. Democrats probably will advance the nomination and Hillary Clinton can emerge stronger.
Weak domestic political institution
The American presidency has a weak interior that includes foreign policy and strong political institution. When the opposition, in this case the Republican party is in control of both houses of Congress, the president has two choices: deal with the enemy if possible, or rule by decree in what you can and concentrate efforts on abroad.
Not to be left alone, both options will have to consider the main candidates of his party to succeed him in 2016 as a concerned electorate, especially the parlous state of the country’s infrastructure, increasing internal and external image of insecurity and an increasingly unequal distribution of wealth.
If Obama gives in to Republican pressure to increase defense spending, intensifying the campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, to postpone a deal with Iran or tougher sanctions on Russia risks losing the support of many Democrats.
Hours before the polls closed, the president acknowledged in the radio station WNPR “This year was probably the worst for Democrats since Dwight Eisenhower” because “at stake many states where Republicans have the advantage.” Such sincerity, contradicting his own vice president, Joe Biden, who had just anticipating a Democratic victory in the Senate by one or two seats, sounded foreboding. Low turnout, especially among young people and minorities, who did the rest.
Professor Julian French.
On 30 January, 1902 faced with global over-stretch the British forged the Anglo-Japanese Treaty with the Empire of Japan. To conceive of such a treaty London had to a) take a global view; b) recognise its own growing weakness; and c) understand the need for capable allies that could ease pressure on British strategy world-wide. With cuts planned between 2014 and 2020 greater than Europe’s entire annual defence investment and set against the huge defence investments being made by the illiberal powers America’s claim to be the only military power present in strength in every region of the world looks increasingly threadbare. In other words, American strategy does not add up and the Americans need a rethink.
Amidst the deep, rich black seams of Summit blah, blah that emerged from the September NATO Summit like so much Welsh coal dust on the west wind one phrase stuck out. US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel talked of a “core coalition” to take on Islamic State (IS) comprising the US, UK, France, Australia, Canada, Germany, Turkey, Italy, Poland and Denmark (most notably in that order). It was nothing less than a reconceptualisation of US strategy in a world in which the West is no longer a place but an idea.
However, the implications of such a coalition-led US strategy for America’s four cornerstone military allies Australia, Britain, France and Japan are enormous. Implicit in shifting US strategy is a witting or unwitting assumption that the changing correlation of emerging force will progressively work against Washington and by extension its allies. Indeed, whilst the US will remain the world’s leading military power the ability of illiberal powers to complicate US strategic calculation will increase.
Therefore, given the importance of allies and partners US strategy must be recast on on four interlocking principles. 1. For Washington to prevail in the multi-dimensional, multi-spectral security environment of the twenty-first century the US must be at the core of a world-wide security web of democracies and states with shared mutual interests. 2. Much like Churchill’s 1945 vision of British strategy US strategy must leverage three concentric circles of power; NATO, Asia-Pacific allies, and partners across Asia and the Middle-East. 3. US Strategy must establish force generation and command and control principles built on NATO Standards that forge allies and partners into effective coalitions. 4. Like the British of 1902 US Strategy must encourage its four core allies to generate ‘Mini-Me’ command and control hubs individually and in tandem and/or in partnership with each other.
US European Command (EUCOM) must be the pivot of interlocking core and broad coalitions because it has such experience of working with allies and partners and can act as an effective broker, experimenter and mentor for both allies and partners alike. Indeed, EUCOM’s commander (COMEUCOM) who also doubles up as NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), has a vital role to play as the lynch pin between allied and partner forces, on the one hand, and other US Combatant Commands worldwide. Unfortunately, EUCOM is increasingly the poor sister of its COCOM counterparts, most notably Central Command (CENTCOM) because Washington places capability before strategy.
Critically, a unifying force concept is needed that could promote all-important unity of effort and drive forward both core and broad coalitions. Specifically, in the context of coalitions the US and its core allies need a Four-Forces-in-One Concept that would make the most out of the little bit of everything not much of anything forces they all possess.
Take the British Future Force as an example which today reflects neither strategy nor affordability but a strange amalgam of the two. Coalitions focused on the US are at the very heart of British security and defence strategy. However, to be central to a US-friendly network of sufficiently-capable modular, adaptable and agile coalitions London will need a Hub Force strong enough to command coalitions, agile and expandable over time and built around and upon command assets across the six domains of conflict.
A Core Force agile enough to work across government with other departments and civilian agencies, adapted and adaptive to lessons from the campaign in Afghanistan. An Integrated Force to provide planning and to promote ownership of planning for complex contingencies and consequence management both at home and with allies and partners. Finally, an Effect Force able and geared to take on robust forced entry missions as and when required either in lead or as part of of US-led coalitions.
Whilst the the Americans still possess the only truly strategic force i.e. a force that can do everything, all-of-the-time, everywhere sort of, that force today faces many of the same challenges the British faced in the late nineteenth century. Still immensely strong on paper like the British a century ago the US faces emerging challenges to its home-base, threats to its world-wide lines of communications and to its key allies and partners from threats that merge security and defence, civilian and military, national and international.
In a sense history is coming full circle for the Americans. Like the British a century ago the US will needs allies and partners more not less. Of late poor American leadership and the lack of any clear US idea of the role and utility of allies has seen its vital alliances and partnerships lose cohesion. That must stop. The West needs clear American strategic vision and a clear idea of the vital role of allied and partner armed forces in American strategy in a world that is undoubtedly safer when the US and the World-wide Western Security Web is strong.
By The Daily Journalist
The alerting services of NATO detected and monitored an “unusual” and unexpected activity of the Russian Air Force in the last two days. In a statement issued this afternoon, the Atlantic Alliance alerted that have been detected up to four different groups of fighter jets and Russian nuclear bombers “making significant military maneuvers in the European airspace over the Baltic Sea, North Sea and Atlantic Ocean addition to the Black Sea. ”
This recent Russian airspace movement forced fighters to mobilize up to six different European countries, as these jets moved. The first, about three in the afternoon when the NATO radar found and followed four Tu-95 bombers and four Il-78 in formation, who arrived from mainland Russia and flying over international airspace in the Norwegian Sea.
The formation broke, and various devices were intercepted and followed by Air Force planes from Norway, Portugal and the UK.
Keeping a very mild language, NATO from its headquarters in Belgium, has warned that Russian planes prevented radio contact with air traffic control authorities of the continent and were not using transponders which “poses a potential risk to civil aviation because drivers can not detect this type of appliance and ensure non-interference, “said the statement.
Simultaneously, this afternoon, four planes were tracked by Turkish aircraft’s over the Black Sea. Like seven, Tuesday, on the Baltic also intercepted and identified by German aircraft’s. So far this year, 100 NATO Russian intrusions were officially detected, all recorded in 2013.
The gas summit goes on
The timing for this new challenge Moscow is far from casual. Neither the affected territories. The airspace violations have taken place to begin with, in the vicinity of Norway, the country’s new Secretary General of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg. And just as he gave his first official speech … and focused on relations with Russia. A few days after a Russian spy plane was detected over NATO territory since the fall of the Berlin Wall.
As if that were not enough, while the alerts distributed throughout Europe, with negotiators from Russia, Ukraine and the European Commission met in Brussels to try to reach a final agreement on gas supplies in the region. Stalled negotiations with Moscow,and these are now pressed for the winter. That, in a very timely manner, and despite what was expected, ended Wednesday without understanding.
Moreover, these days Europe is just another complicated board game, which is played to decide the future of the two warships that France has built but whose delivery to the Russian Navy has been blocked after sanctions by the intrusion of Vladimir Putin in Ukraine.
Dmitry Rogozin, a senior member of the Russian Defense Ministry said this morning that it had received the invitation to deliver the first Vladivostok, one of the two amphibious assault ships purchased by 1.200 million in November. And it showed a picture of a letter received from Paris. However, the government said yesterday through defense minister, Jean-Yves le Drian, that Hollande “has not made a final decision and is not expected to be made at short notice either.”
Interview conducted by Jaime Ortega.
Melissa Brower, is a public affairs specialist for the CDC.
1. Everyone talks about Ebola, (perhaps media hype) but isn’t KPC, MSRA, CRE or C. DIFF presently a more dangerous threat to the US than the African disease considering they’re 20.000 cases per year? – In your opinion, has the media done a fair job reporting on these new super bacteria diseases considering the amount of deaths caused by Super-Bacteria as oppose to media coverage on Ebola?
It is true that drug-resistant infections do infect and kill many more people in the United States than Ebola. However, the media attention on Ebola right now is not surprising given that the recent U.S. cases represent the very first time that this frightening disease has been seen in the United States.
2. Why is super-bacteria so deadly? And can antibiotics cure a patient been infected?
People infected with drug-resistant organisms are more likely to have longer and more expensive hospital stays, and may be more likely to die as a result of the infection. When the drug of choice for treating their infection doesn’t work, they require treatment with second- or third-choice drugs that may be less effective, more toxic, and more expensive.
3. Should people be more concerned about Ebola, or more aware about the spread of super bacteria? Which of the two is easier to get infected with?
Ebola virus is spread through direct contact with the blood or body fluids (including but not limited to feces, saliva, sweat, urine, vomit, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola. Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with the blood or body fluids of sick patients. People also can become sick with Ebola after coming in contact with infected wildlife. For example, in Africa, Ebola may spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats.
Drug-resistant infections can spread in multiple ways, depending on the specific infection. Please see the CDC website for more information about specific infections, including MRSA, C. difficile, and CRE.
4. Have antibiotics used by humans cause to some degree super bacteria to become more resistant? (Perhaps also farm animal antibiotics used in animal farms)
Studies indicate that 30-50% of antibiotics prescribed in hospitals are unnecessary or inappropriate. There is no doubt that overprescribing and misprescribing is contributing to the growing challenges posed by Clostridium difficile and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. See the antibiotic resistance FAQ linked here for more info.
5. Are viruses like Ebola easier to stop than Super Bacteria? Have we contained Super Bacteria or found the right strategy?
Antimicrobial stewardship interventions have been proven to improve individual patient outcomes, reduce the overall burden of antibiotic resistance, and save healthcare dollars. If everyone — healthcare providers, hospital administrators, policy makers, and patients — works together to employ effective antibiotic stewardship programs, we can improve patient care, more effectively combat antibiotic resistance and ultimately save lives.
See this link for information on Ebola prevention.
6. Has the government contribute to help control Super bug disease? Could they do anything more effectively to prevent more deaths?
Check out this link for information on the National Strategy to Combat Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria.
7. KPC, is the worst out of all Superbacteria strains, or is there a more deadly strain?
There are other infections, such as MRSA and C. difficile infection, that are more widespread and therefore kill more people in the United States. However, CRE is very concerning because it is on the rise among patients in medical facilities and these bacteria have become resistant to all or nearly all the antibiotics we have today. Almost half of hospital patients who get bloodstream infections from CRE bacteria die from the infection. For more information, see our recent report, Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States, 2013, which gives a snapshot of the burden and threats posed by the antibiotic-resistant germs that have the most impact on human health.
8. Have antibiotics stop to function at the virus and bacteria level? What is next?
If you are asking what steps are being taken to combat antibiotic resistance, please see the National Strategy to Combat Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria. Also see CDC’s drug resistance website for additional information.
9. Ebola cases are nothing new to the US. Why is Ebola so popular now as oppose to the isolated cases in the past?
On September 30, CDC confirmed the first case of Ebola to be diagnosed in the United States. This person had traveled from Liberia to Dallas, Texas. The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa.
By Alton Parrish.
The lifelike robot, which has smooth silicone-based skin, was jointly created by aLab Inc., Osaka University, Shibaura Institute of Technology and Shonan Institute of Technology.
The Aiko Chihira android is equipped with 43 servomotors that move her arms and hands. While it is common to see androids and robots that can interact and converse, one that has also mastered sign language is unusual.
Toshiba anticipates having enhanced Aiko Chihira’s technology so much by 2020 that it will be able to serve as an actual guide for foreign visitors to the Tokyo Olympic Games.
More from Japan Times
By Jaime Ortega.
3,318 miles away from New York City, a terrifying scenario silently awaits its awakening. More devastating than a nuclear bomb, an Island in the west coast of Spain, worries geologist trying to predict when a chunk of the Island might collapse into the ocean bed causing a massive tidal wave that scientist call a Mega Tsunami.
Las Palmas located in the Canary Islands last volcanic eruption occurred on 1949. The volcanic lava combined with the heat pressure destabilized the tectonic plates of the Island, causing noticeable breaches on the rifts clearly visibly by tourist who visit Las Palmas.
The trillions of tons of rubble have slowly precipitated into the coast for thousands of years, eruption after eruption, causing the Island to slide down into the Ocean for another imminent collapse.
What worries people about this Island, is the possibility it could be targeted for a massive terrorist operation. The Islamic State and Al-Qaeda have tried and keep attempting to buyout ex-KGB, Ex-National Protection of State Secret members (China) and Ex- Intra-Services Intelligence (Pakistan) scientist.
Many of these former scientist are verily passing by with government help, and would be tempted to become rich just by sharing classified information to these terrorist networks.
Ignoring international sanctions, Iran is currently enriching Uranium, violating UN Security regulations. Would Iran achieve its goal to produce nuclear fusion, the possibility to reinforce Hezbollah militants with nuclear power remains an issue that needs to be addressed more seriously.
U.S. Secretary of State, John Kerri has become the main advocate in gathering intelligence reports to prevent a nuclear terrorist attack on US soil.
If a terrorist organization where to detonate a nuclear bomb in Las Palmas, the destruction would be unimaginable. It could trigger the unstable part of the Island to fallout into the ocean floor, causing a 500ft wave that would head directly into the East Coast of The United States. The massive wave would spread into the sea, traveling at 700 Mph, arriving in less than seven hours into North America.
Once the wave reached the coast, it would push up 20 miles inland, with a wave length of 50ft wiping out everything on its destructive path.
New York City, Atlantic City, Miami, Ocean City Maryland, Virginia Beach, Boston.. Etc. Would be submerged under water. The total amount of deaths would square to be equivalent to dropping 20 nuclear bombs into major cities across the East Coast. The disaster would be staggering, and it would be the end of the U.S. economy as we know it.
The Intelligence Community, and the Spanish Intelligence Service (CESID) should pay special attention, guarding with maximum security the perimeters surrounding Las Palmas Island. If accessible, terrorist would more likely use a dirty bomb, since they cannot manufacture, or transport a nuclear weapon without grabbing the attention of sea security patrols.
For terrorist to be successful, they would either have to assemble the bomb inside the Island, or simply look for the Achilles-heel of the Island, station the boat near the target, and detonate the bomb.
The treat is out there. And I am sure terrorist would be looking forward for such great opportunity. Shoot one bird, and kill twenty— Be aware!
By The Daily Journalist.
After an entire electoral career in the shadow of the female duo-Marina Dilma Aecio Neves, the PSDB, leapt more than expected getting a surprising 33.66% of votes in the first round of presidential elections in Brazil. They are ten points higher than polls on the eve of the elections. The short final distance achieved by the president, who scored 41.50% (about 40 million votes, seven more than Aécio) promises an exciting second round, as Rousseff will face not only Neves, but thousands of vows of retribution against their management.
Among them, perhaps the great majority of electors of Marina Silva (21.29%), after frustration will have to take a stand perhaps neutralized in the event next day 26 in 2010, when concurred by the Green Party abstained from supporting the president and former party colleague or José Serra. Silva’s dream of being president faded with the click of voters in the electronic ballot box, as well as breaking the hegemonic bipartisan alternation all well since 1995.
More than 142 million citizens had on their hand the destiny of Brazil, which also elected the vice president, 513 congressmen, 26 state governors and their corresponding regional deputies. The renewing energy that is breathed in marches June 2013 are not revived in the doors of polling stations. Brazil shouted as ever, but voted as always.
A few meters away from the polls irregularities ever and more. Hundreds of prisoners, including 22 candidates for the propaganda Election Day showed support for other candidates — a practice prohibited by the Superior Electoral Tribunal. Among pamphlets papered halls across the country, was the image of a constituent slipping and falling when stepped faint. The novelty of the season were the selfies campaign, which is scattered across social networks despite its illegality.
The amazing fresh air that came to Rio de Janeiro when the warmth of spring was expected did not cool the politics of the region, which will go to the second round with Peazo governor (PMDB) as a candidate. A little over a year, then-president of the same party, Sergio Cabral, lived besieged by protesters. Again, nothing to do with what is reflected in the polls.
In Sao Paulo Governor Geraldo Alckmin, representing the PSDB, renewed his mandate in the first round with about 60% of the votes. Sao Paulo is the most populous state and where Dilma suffered defeat against Neves. Instead, Rousseff initialed PT domain in the less developed Northeast, where social support has been critical poverty. And, more surprisingly, beat Neves in Minas Gerais state Tucano ruled with high approval for eight years. In addition, the new governor, Fernando Pimentel, the PT and also breaks the peseedebista hegemony in the second most populated region of Brazil.
In early September, had Dilma Silva and 37%, 33%. But Rousseff and her team launched the multi-million dollar communications equipment should destroy Marina. And it worked. Silva was weak, too sensitive, and bottomed in the polls on the eve of the election, with 21% of likely voters resurrecting Aécio Neves, the PSDB, hitherto out of all the pools. In the end, Brazil returned to bipartisanship in the polls, to the devil they know, and put aside dreams of renewal and new policy.
By Jaime Ortega.
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro requested this Wednesday in New York for the United States Government to “rectify the erratic policies of bullying” his country, and asserted he would denounce us foreign policy to the General Assembly of the UN to “bring the whole truth “about Venezuela.
“Our revolution has not fallen or will fall,” Maduro said in a meeting with the communities of the Bronx taken place at Hostos Community College.
The president of the South American country has said that although he doubted about his participation in the General Assembly, he decided to do so after reading this Sunday two critical stories about his policy in two of the most important newspapers in the United States, ‘The Washington Post’ and The New York Times.
“What a coincidence,” he exclaimed, and argued. “They wanted to keep my trip to the organization of the United Nations Then on Sunday, I was still thinking if I would come or not come (…) At the moment when I read the two editorials, thanks to ‘Washington Post’ and ‘New York times’ decided.’ Cause now I’ll have to carry the whole truth of our country “, he underlined.
Maduro has ensured that these texts showed how elites from the United States “look over the shoulder”.
“We are not better or intend to be, but we can not accept that we despise,” he continued.
“We know that the attack on Venezuela is to try to prevent such a deeply popular democratic revolution, with a deep American identity with the flag of Bolívar and the spirit of Hugo Chavez the giant who continues riding in the XXI century to consolidate Venezuela, “he said.
He added wryly, as if they were “securities of a Hollywood movie,” Venezuela is “a revolution beset by fatal obsession of those who want to own the world.”
Accusations of political prisoners
Maduro has responded to accusations of political prisoners, saying that “where there is enough political prisoners in the United States, starting with (the Puerto Rican Nationalist) Oscar Lopez Rivera, the oldest political prisoner in humanity, the Mandela of Latin America and the Caribbean. ”
“President Barack Obama, has two years as president. Lance In the two years remaining messages for the time and they do transcend any positive memories from the people. Freedom Give Oscar and the three Cubans who are struggling against terrorism, “the Venezuelan leader asked.
“Please be good and have kindness. Ask God to place a halo of light in your mind and in your heart to be inspired,” he urged the American president.
Criticism USA environmental policy
Maduro, who took part today in the Climate Summit at the UN, has been highly critical of the environmental policies of the great powers.
“Now they want to call green economy at the same monster that has destroyed rivers, seas, has been polluted and plundered the wealth and has exploited our people for over a hundred years of capitalism in the world,” he detailed.
“All I have are green dollars that want to get bankers negotiating the destruction of the planet. But to change the climate must change the system,” he assured.
And to prove that another business way possible, Maduro gave as an example Citgo, the oil company whose main shareholder is Texas Petroleos de Venezuela Oil company.
“Our plans to strengthen Citgo is increasingly making the necessary investment to strengthen that Venezuela alliances in the United States,” said, and asserted that this company come “to more than 150,000 families in 25 states of the Union “which, according to the leader,” is not garlic shell. ”
Mature, thereby wished to express that he has nothing against the United States. “The only people there are anti’s own elites of the United States, which has sent to war to die for their young throughout the twentieth century,” he argued.
By Jaime Ortega.
United States and the group “allied nations against terrorism” began on Monday offensive air strikes against jihadist group Islamic State (IS). Te agreement was announced in Syria two weeks ago by President Barack Obama, as the Defense Department reported to the North American country.
“Forces of the United States and allied nations have begun attacks on IS in Syria using a combination of fighters, bombers and Tomahawk missiles,” announced on Twitter Pentagon spokesman, Admiral John Kirby. Specifically, the international coalition aircraft have launched attacks targeting fifty groups in the Syrian provinces of Raqqa and Deir al Zur, which caused an unknown number of casualties, according to initial findings of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights based on testimony from civil and medical services in the area.
In Raqqa, the international aviation launched twenty bombings targeting bases and checkpoints of extremist organization in the city of the same name, their main stronghold on Syrian soil, and on its northern and western suburbs, as well as in the towns of Tel Abiad , Ain Tabaqa and Aisa. One goal of the attacks was the ancient seat of the provincial government of Raqqa, the IS had become one of its most important barracks.
In these bombings, there were several victims, including extremists, although the IS evacuated their bases last week against the imminent American attack.
Meanwhile, in Deir al Zur, international aircraft carried out attacks on twenty jihadi bases in the town of Al Bukamal border with Iraq, and around, and threw another eight in the eastern suburbs of the city of Deir al-Zur.
The attacks have also attained positions of Al-Nusra Facing-the Syrian branch of Al Qaeda in the province of Aleppo, north of the country, according to data from the Observatory, which encrypts seven fighters and eight civilians dead at this point .
Notice to Damascus
The United States Central Command made the decision to start the bombing of the IS in Syria on Monday after receiving authorization from Obama, Kirby said in a brief statement in which he did not elaborate more on the attacks “since the operation is in march “. The Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem, later confirmed that Washington had previously advised the government in Damascus to the start of the bombing, as recorded by Al-Jazeera. “The American side informed the Syrian permanent envoy to the UN that would hit the IS in Raqqa,” says the official Syrian news agency Sana.
Official sources told CNN that all nations who collaborate with the United States in these attacks are Arabs, including Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Bahrain, Qatar and UAE.
The American president had resisted until this September an attack in Syria, as a year ago he refused to intervene against the Syrian regime for its use of chemical weapons. Progress in the last months of IS, a group strengthened in the Syrian civil war and the brutality of their beheadings of Western televised have forced Obama to launch a new military operation in the Middle East after a decade of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan inherited by George W. Bush.
Obama insists that this operation will be different from these contests because in no case will involve the deployment of American ground troops in the field, but faced skepticism from those who believe, even within the Pentagon, it is impossible to beat the IS without ground fighting.
The chronology of a strategy
Since the announcement of the offensive on September 10, Obama and the Congress of the United States Administration have been taking steps to implement the strategy drawn by the president.
On the 15th, the United States launched the first attack on the IS near Baghdad as part of the expansion of its offensive in Iraq by sending 475 more soldiers, a figure that completes a total of over 1,600 since the start of the air strikes in that country on August 8.
Until then the American offensive against IS in Iraq was limited to jihadists positions in the north to protect your personal or humanitarian reasons. Three days later, Congress authorized the arming of Syrian rebels fighting the Islamic State, a “key element” for Obama’s strategy to stop the jihad group.
The Islamic State, strengthened civil by the war in Syria and has not only gained power and ground in recent months, but also visibility. Their progress in Iraq and the brutal televised beheadings have shocked the Western world and presented this group as an even more formidable threat than Al Qaeda.
United States continues to build a coalition as broad as possible countries to defeat the jihadists because one of the red lines of Obama is that America, unlike what happened in the years of George W. Bush does not act alone.
The other red line is that there is no ground combat troops in Iraq or in Syria, so the President insists that this operation is not a new Iraq or Afghanistan, wars he inherited from Bush.
By Jaime Ortega.
The campaign against Scottish independence has strengthened the British union leaders. Prime Minister David Cameron, with his deputy, Nick Clegg, and the leader of the Labour party -main of the opposition, Ed Miliband, have agreed in writing to give more powers to Scotland and its Parliament if they beat the ‘No ‘in the referendum on independence to be held on Thursday 18 September.
The three politicians have signed a historic document for the Scots in which they agree to work together to transfer more powers to the Scottish authorities if the population rejects independence at the polls. The paper, published by Daily Record, the three leaders also ensures that the Scottish Parliament will only say in basic public services such as the Scottish health system (NHS, for its acronym in English).
According to the same publication, the agreement was hosted by former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown in order to convince undecided voters that, if he wins No, Scotland will have much more power to decide on their future.
The signing of this document is part of the intense strategy deployed British leaders in recent days to prevent the majority of the Scottish population who go to the polls on Thursday to give their support to independence. On Monday, David Cameron himself warned in Aberdeen, northeast Scotland, a victory of ‘yes’ would mean “the end of UK as we know it”.
“This week the UK could change forever. Could mean the end of the UK as we know it. On Thursday, Scotland vote and the future of our country is at stake,” said the Conservative leader.
“We must be very clear: no return There will be for good opportunities, This decision is forever Friday, people could get up living in a different country, occupy a different place in the world and another future before it…” said the head of the British government, which was accused by the Scottish prime minister, Alex Salmond, to create alarmism.
Cameron has stepped up warnings in the last days before the advance of the ‘yes’ in the polls. Among other things, the prime minister has warned that the Scots could not cross “so easily” the border with the United Kingdom, which became an international passage, and says that the split “also means automatic support from British embassies receive when travel on the world would end. ”
“It would also mean that about half of the Scottish mortgages, suddenly, from one day to another would depend on banks of a foreign country. Would also mean that if the banks that have problems remaining in Scotland, Scottish taxpayers will have to address these costs alone, “he told Cameron.
In recent days, the uncertainty about the currency would operate in an eventual independent Scotland and has joined the concern about how the Scottish banking sector be configured outside of the UK; after organizations like the Royal Bank of Scotland and Lloyds Banking Group announced, they would move its headquarters to London if the cleavage occurs.
“This job is not to scare, is to warn of a decision that can affect the rest of your lives, your children and your grandchildren. Do not want to sell them a dream that could end up disappearing,” said the British prime minister.
By The Daily Journalist.
British Prime Minister David Cameron has opened the doors to possible air strikes against the foundations of the Islamic State (IS) in Syria. In several television interviews, at the opening of the NATO summit in Wales, Cameron has suggested that, unlike Iraq, the international community would not need “an express invitation of Assad” to conduct raids in Syria.
“The brutality of Assad to IS contributed to the rise,” said Cameron. “While in Iraq, a government that has defended the Shiites, not Sunnis and Kurds, also left a space that came to fill out this poisonous organization.”
Cameron dismissed in any case the possibility of a “pragmatic pact” to fight with IS Asad in Syria. “Assad has been involved in the creation of the Islamic State, and may not be the answer,” Cameron said. “We can not get carried away by the motto of ‘enemy of my enemy is my friend’, which in the past has contributed to all kinds of nightmares and difficulties.”
“President Assad has committed war crimes against his own people and therefore the government is illegitimate,” added the Prime Minister. “We would not do anything without a moral or legal justification.”
The possible extension of the air strikes against the bases of IS in Syria and British involvement with the Royal Air Force (RAF) were some of the hot spots in the bilateral meeting with David Cameron President Obama passing through Wales. The two leaders will use the NATO summit to “recruit” other members of the Alliance in a new coalition of “willing” to deal with the IS, which also open to the Arab countries in the area.
Obama and Cameron today signed a joint article in ‘The Times’ which call for a strengthening of NATO to the threats of the century, the Islamic to the situation in Ukraine and Eastern Europe radicalism.
“As Russia tries to force a sovereign state to abandon its right to democracy at gunpoint, we support the right of Ukrainians to determine their future and continue our efforts to strengthen the defense capability of Ukraine” write Obama and Cameron, supporters of “persistent military presence” in Eastern Europe.
The two leaders support the creation of a new rapid deployment force, consisting of 4,000 troops and special forces that can “deploy anywhere in the world in a very short space of time.” The American president and the ‘premier’ British warn the other 26 allies that the collective effort will only be possible with increased defense spending, with the goal of reaching 2% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in all member countries.
By Jaime Ortega.
According to a news story published on Dalsan Radio, Boko Haram the Nigerian Islamic organization has maintained close negotiations with Al-Shabab (Somalia) and also Islamic State Iraq and Levant (ISIL) to unite forces.
The Australian mediator by the name of Davis who oversaw the operation, said” We have evidences that Islamist groups in Somalia, South Sudan and Egypt are having discussions with ISIL so they can unite with it”
South Sudan is a training field for many Jihadist groups including Hezbollah, Hamas and Al-Qaeda; Boko Haram controls North Eastern Nigeria, and through the city of Boro that borders Chad, has easy access to communicate with South Sudan and Sudan.
According to The Daily Journalist intelligence, Boko Haram has tried to recruit new combatants from Sudan’s People Liberations Army (SPLA), and is also interested in joining a wider Islamic cause with ISIL.
Meanwhile in Egypt, the Ministry of Religious Endowments, despite the disavowal of Youssef Qaradawi the spiritual leader of The Islamic Brotherhood in relation with ISIL: The documented published, that ISIL and the Islamic Brotherhood had maintained ongoing connections the past 4 months.
Its is not clear what the conversations entitled, but as the statement declares, both groups share similar ideologies that would propose a problematic outlook for the Middle East and Africa in regards with terrorism expanding into a wider caliphate.
The Islamic Brotherhood has not recognized Adbel Fattah El-Sisi as a their new Egyptian leader, and would interested in ISIL’s expansionary vision reflecting strict Sharia Law all over the Middle East.
An article brought Shukri Mohamed in Mogadishu also warns that Somali youth are leaving their homes in “Europe and the United States” to join the Islamic State. There is a growing rumor from some experts that some of the terrorist ‘modulus operanti’ leaving the US belong to the State of Minnesota, which holds the largest Somali community in the US.
After the death of Abdi Godane, (Al-Shabaab leader) from a US drone strike, it is likely that Al-Shabaab would be interested in sending fighters to Syria and Iraq and reinforce ISIL to fight against the west as they promised avenging their leader who died Friday.
ISIL is currently opening their campaign in South Asia. A splinter group of Pakistan’s Taliban Insurgents, Jamat-ul Ahrar, has already declared its support for the well-founded and ruthless ISIL fighters.
The leader of the group Ehsanullah Ehsan, said to Reuters by phone. “We respect them, if they ask us for help, will look into it and decide“.
The important clue is that Ehsan confirms that ISIL might be “asking for help” for the organization to increase in strength; specially, under pressure from NATO forces, and recent US drone strikes targeting ISIL’s border camps.
Down in South East Asia, other terrorist organizations have already pledged support to the new caliphate
Clips have been uploaded in recent weeks on the video sharing site YouTube showing both southern Philippines-based Bangsamoro Freedom Fighters and the Abu Sayyaf rebels pledging support to ISIL.
“We have an alliance with ISIL and Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi,” BIFF spokesman Abu Misry Mama told AFP by telephone Friday, referring to the brutal radical group’s leader.
ABC reported that 100 Filipinos, mostly from Abu Sayyaf are no training in ISIL camps in Syria and Iraq.
The Soufan Group has also released a document that shows fighters from Indonesia also joining forces with ISIL, whom support the new caliphate.
Despite all the possibilities for ISIL to uninify with other terrorist networks, the questions regarding Al-Qaeda’s participation remains unclear. Since Al-Qaeda disowned ISIL late on Feb 2014, for their gruesome tactics.
Ayman Al-Zawahiri the spiritual leader of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and AQI (Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb) has stated “Boko Haram, and ISIL do not represent his organization.” Adding, ” he does not recognize Abubakar Shekau or Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi as rulers of a new Islamic caliphate.”
Yet according to US intelligence, Al-Qaeda still remains a higher threat on US soil than ISIL. There is still a chance both groups could link-in to fight a greater war against the US inside its territory, sharing strategical points, coordinating a join attack by entering the US-Border illegally with the help with Mexican Cartels.
According to The Daily Journalist, ISIL remains a bigger threat to Europe; since most of its combatants belong to high populated sectors set on different cities among Europe, with well established muslim structures; The countries on high alert should include England, Denmark, Belgium Holland, Germany and France.