Posts by Jaime Ortega aka Arizona.:

    Ukrainian prime minister says pro-Russia siege part of Kremlin’s script

    April 8th, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

     

    Ukrainian Special Forces  evicted the headquarters of the regional government in the city of Kharkiv , occupied Sunday by pro-Russian protesters,  according to Ukrainian Minister of interior, Arsen Avakov reported .

    ” 70 separatist have been arrested ” Avakov wrote in his Facebook page. The interior minister said the police operation was carried out ” without the use of firearms .”

    Pro Russian Protesters seized government buildings in the eastern city of Kharkiv , Donetsk and Luhansk overnight on Sunday while demanding a referendum to join Russia , as recently seen in Crimea and Sevastopol . In fact, the pro-Russian protesters Monday unilaterally proclaimed independence of Donetsk .

    Meanwhile, the Russian Foreign Ministry has demanded an immediate end to Kiev to counter any military preparations in southeastern Ukraine and the concentration of troops in the area , which in his view could lead to a civil war.

    These forces are movements aimed at suppressing anti-government protests in Kiev in the area, mostly inhabited by citizens of Russian origin. ” We call for the immediate cessation of military preparations that could lead to an outbreak of civil war,” the ministry said in a statement.

    This is the Russian answer to the complaint of Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk , and the president in office , Oleksander Turchinov , who claim that the protests are part of a script written by the Klemlin so that Moscow mimics the ‘ Crimea scenario ‘ .

    ” An anti Ukrainian plan is being implemented ( … ) according to which , foreign troops will cross the border and take the country ,” said Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk in public statement on his cabinet . ” We will not allow it,” he added.

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    Obama calls Russia “regional power”

    March 26th, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    This week waging the international policy battles Russia defied provoked the EU and the US, to increase economic sanctions that could end up hurting the Russian economy. The U.S. President  Barack Obama surrounded by some of the world leaders ,  dismissed Russia’s global strength and define it as a ” regional power ” ensuring  that concerns over ” nuclear threat” movements Moscow on its eastern borders  could impose heavier sanctions.

    “Russia is a regional power that is threatening some of its regional neighbors ,” he said after setting United States as ” the world’s most powerful country.” In his view the deployment of Russian troops on the border “is more a sign of weakness than strength ” and said that while Moscow is entitled to mobilize his army anywhere within its territory , the movement looks like a “provocation ” in the eyes of the Allies and the world.

    In any case Russia right now is not the number one threat to U.S. security . Yes it is nuclear – but the safety of this summit was held in The Hague , and the threat that these materials could fall into the wrong hands. “I’m much more concerned when it comes to the threat of a nuclear bomb in downtown Manhattan ” he said.

    The U.S. leader is a member of the G7 which expelled Russia from the G8, and is more willing to change sectored economic sanctions on Russia. Today I talked about restrictions on trade , finance , energy and the arms industry . He acknowledged that ” these measures will have an impact on the global economy,” but in any case the consequences will be greater for Russia.

    These measures will be activated only if Putin continues escalating tension and Russia violates Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity again. Not being a NATO ally , the country will have the financial and political support of the Allies, but not the military. The scenario of an armed conflict with Russia is only considered if any of the integrated NATO countries see their security compromised and activate Article 5 of the Washington Treaty , which states that an armed attack against a member state is considered as an attack on all.

    ‘ Diplomacy or sanctions ‘

    ” I will act in our defense against any threat ” said Obama of key military positions the United States and other NATO partners protect . Obama has stated that the allies are organizing ” more intensively to ensure that there are contingency plans and the necessary guarantees that will act to our own defense against any threat.”

    “There is a choice to be made ,” said Obama at the closing press conference of the Nuclear Security Summit . The reference to the two paths you can take from Russia – ” diplomacy or sanctions ” – reflects the point at which the conflict is . U.S. and EU insist that Russia is proving ” more weakness than strength ” bullying their territorial neighbors.

    In the presence of Russian troops on the border , Obama has admitted that Moscow “has the right” to keep its troops in any area if it is their territory. Of course, Russia’s strategy is ” bullying ” and the next move will “depend on how the international community unites .” The message coming out of this summit is aimed at Vladimir Putin that “this is not the way to solve problems in the twenty-first century.”

    During the summit the 53 participating countries have made new commitments to maintain nuclear safety. Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte , highlighted the commitment of two thirds of the countries present to incorporate into their national law the recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA ) and allow independent monitor controls to the security of nuclear material.

    Russia and China , however , have refused to sign this commitment , as well as Nigeria , India and Pakistan , which are not willing to a create global standards for nuclear safety , as the organization expected. In fact, Obama recalled that even before the threat of Russia, its main concern is still that of a nuclear attack on its own territory.

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    The Ukraine ready to join the EU

    March 22nd, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    The heads of state and government of the European Union (EU ) signed today with the Prime Minister of Ukraine , Arseniy Yatseniuk , the next political chapters of the partnership agreement that the previous government was given in Kiev and whose rejection triggered protests in November

    “The signing of the political part of the EU-Ukraine agreement symbolizes the importance we place on relationships to move forward,” said President of the European Council , Herman Van Rompuy.

    This political support to Ukraine  gives the nation 1,000 million on financial aid from the European Commission ( EC) proposed Wednesday that consist of medium-term loans intended to help Ukraine out of the deep economic and financial crisis it suffers.

    European leaders seek and send a signal to Moscow that announced this week that it formalized the incorporation Crimean port of Sevastopol to the Russian Federation .

    The EU initially offered the partnership agreement to the Government of Viktor Yanukovich , who preferred to reject it and strengthen its relationship with Russia.

    This move sparked protests from the pro-European opposition forces that eventually led to the fall of Yanukovych the President of Ukraine.

    ‘ To promote the gradual approximation ‘

    The partnership agreement is intended to ” promote a gradual approach ” between the EU and Ukraine on common values ​​and special links to share and to encourage the participation of Ukraine in EU policies and programs and agencies.

    It also provides an appropriate framework for political dialogue in all areas of mutual interest and serves to ” promote, preserve and strengthen peace and stability.”

    It is also the starting point for establishing enhanced economic and business conditions that lead to the gradual integration of Ukraine into the EU internal market , including the establishment of a free trade area .

    It will facilitate cooperation on justice , freedom and security in order to strengthen the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

    The signing of the pact is not linked to any specific date to complete the process of rapprochement between the EU and Ukraine , but a review is expected of it within five years or sooner if the parties agree.

    Chapters signed today simply determine the political foundation of bilateral relations and create a number of agencies that will be responsible for monitoring the process of approximation of Ukraine to the EU.

    It also includes a commitment to hold bilateral summits at the highest level at least once a year, as well as other ministerial meetings.

    Mechanisms for cases in which the parties do not fulfill their obligations are also foreseen .

    Ukraine is not resigned to the loss

    Moreover, the interim president of Ukraine, Alexandr Turchinov , said Friday that his country is not resigned to accept the loss of Crimea, after Russian President Vladimir Putin , that today promulgated the incorporation of the peninsula in the Russian Federation .

    ” Ukraine will never be resigned to accept the occupation of their territory and will do everything possible for itx release ,” said Turchinov at a news conference with Secretary General Ban Ki -moon.

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    Uknown civilizations: Nan Madol

    March 19th, 2014

     

    Research by Jaime Ortega.

     

    One of the most fantastic and the real-life archaeological sites in the world is Nan Madol. Recently, around a wave of controversy and debate, particularly in connection with the publications to its origins.

    Nan Madol — that’s 92 man-made island near the island of Ponape, in which the unknown builders have erected many stone buildings, among which are the palaces, temples, forts, ritual pools. It even has its own underground prison. Island for its canals, replacing streets, reminiscent of Venice. Nan Madol — an artificial archipelago, erected in the middle of the Pacific Ocean — is something amazing. So do not put nothing esoteric in the capital of Nan Madol the legendary continent of the Pacific, known as the “Pacifis” or by analogy with Atlantis — “Pacific Atlantis.”

    In the problems of Nan Madol are key questions — Who, when and why erected island? What was his purpose? And how is it related to the history of modern Polynesia? Answers to these questions yet. And it is doubtful that in the near future a mystery of the island will be solved. We can only be satisfied with the theories and hypotheses.

    Unfortunately, official science has not found time to somehow lift the veil of secrecy that hangs over the Nan Madol. I now turn to the myths and legends of the Polynesians and the works of unique and even curious figures, what are, for example Helena Blavatsky — founder of the so-called Theosophical Society and Macmillan Brown. The last, Nan Magol was the capital of the rulers of the Pacific continent. This mysterious continent, which, by the way, is called Pacifis and Lemuria extended: from north to south of the Hawaiian Islands to the Marianas. In the east, it was limited to Easter Island.

    Extreme western region of esoteric attributed to the island of Fiji. And there is some sense. After all, Fiji also has stone buildings, its appearance similar sanctuaries Nan Magol. As a result of the flood caused believed Pacifis supporters, the fall of the celestial body, the continent sank into the depths of the ocean. Nan Magol, as well as Fiji, Hawaii and Easter Island later, with the lowering of the Pacific Ocean up to the surface.

    As with any theory, this view of the mystery of Nan Magol has the right to exist, especially as scientific research proves otherwise. Indeed, the very existence theory Pacifis also lacked a factual evidence. Therefore, the controversy surrounding the Nan Madol will continue.

    (N.Morgan) On our exploration of the strange and beautiful, I found an under water ruin called Nan Mandol,Micronesian. The mystery that surrounds this ruin was intriguing enough for me to want to know more. Some believe that aliens built this wonderous city. Again, I marvel at the ingenuity of the ancestors and their never ending en devour to improve their way of life. One of the greatest archeological mysteries in the world, the lost city of Nan Madol. Build on an ancient corals reef and covering more than 11 square miles, this ancient city is made up hundreds of artificial islets, intersected by numerous man made canals.

     

    Even more curious, many of the city’s larger islands are connected by submerged tunnels. The mysterious Nan Madol is built entirely out of gigantic magnetized basalt crystals, some weighing as much as fifty tons. In fact, the entire city contains an estimated 250 million tons of the prismatic basalt rock. Native mythology suggests that the stones were magically flown through the air and placed in the city.

     

     

    © Wikimedia/Hobe/Holger Behr
    Rough map of Nan Madol in the Federated States of Micronesia.

    According to the Weather Channel:

    Off the shores of a tiny island in the middle of the vast Pacific Ocean are the ruins of an ancient civilization. The remains of Nan Madol are the only standing monument of a civilization built entirely over open water, on a coral reef.

    The eerie abandoned stone structures are said to have inspired science-fiction writer H. P. Lovecraft to create a similar sunken city that was home to the monster Cthulhu, says Atlas Obscura.

    In reality, Nan Madol was once home to the Saudeleur, who ruled the island of Pohnpei for more than a millennium, reported Smithsonian Magazine. The 92 artificial islands of Nan Madol are thought to have been constructed over the course of several centuries, and then eventually abandoned after 1,000 years of habitation.

    Rufino Mauricio, Pohnpei’s only archaeologist, has dedicated his life to studying and preserving the ruins, which are built of 750,000 tons of black basaltic rock.

    “We don’t know how they brought the columns here and we don’t know how they lifted them up to build the walls. Most Pohnpeians are content to believe they used magic to fly them,” Mauricio told Smithsonian.

    He added that given the size of Pohnpei’s population at the time – fewer than 30,000 people – the construction of Nan Madol is an even larger and more remarkable effort than the Great Pyramids were for the ancient Egyptians.

     

    (Image)

    Impressive in their own right, these ruins represent the remains of megalithic architecture on an unparalleled scale in Micronesia.

    Evidence of the earliest human activity dates back to the first or second century BC. The construction of artificial islets started probably about 8th and 9th century AD. However, the megalithic structures were built in period of 12th to 13th century, about the same time as the stone construction of the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, or Angkor Wat in Cambodia.

    The complex of Nan Madol is constructed on a series of artificial islets in the shallow water next to the eastern shore of the Pohnpei island. The site encloses an area approximately 1.5 km long by 0.5 km wide and it contains nearly 100 artificial islets.

    Nan Madol seems to have housed the ruling elite caste of Saudeleur dynasty. It was a political and ceremonial seat of power. As a means of control of their subjects Saudeleur dynasty had succeeded in uniting the clans of Pohnpei. The rulers forced local chieftains to leave their home villages and move to the city where their activities could be more closely observed.

    Most of the islets served as residential area, however some of them served special purpose, such as food preparation, coconut oil production or canoe construction. Madol Powe, the mortuary sector, contains 58 islets in the northeastern area of Nan Madol. The centerpiece of the whole complex is the royal mortuary at the islet of Nandauwas, with its 7.5m high walls surrounding the central tomb enclosure.

    The population of Nan Madol was probably more than 1000 at a time when whole population of Pohnpei barely reached 25,000. There are no sources of fresh water or possibilities to grow food on Nan Madol so all supplies had to be brought in from the mainland. The population of the city probably included a large number of commoner servants.

    Nan Madol is the biggest center of the culture which left numerous other megalithic structures scattered on neighboring shores and on main island of Pohnpei; it all can be found in the area of about 18 square kilometers.

    According to local legend, the stones used in the construction of Nan Madol have been flown to the location by means of black magic. Archeologists have located several possible quarry sites on the main island, however the exact method of transportation of construction material is still not determined.

    Lovecraft used the story of the ruins as the basis for his R’lyeh, a fictional sunken city and home to Cthulhu, appearing in the short story “Call of Cthulhu”, as described as: “The nightmare corpse-city of R’lyeh … was built in measureless eons behind history by the vast, loathsome shapes that seeped down from the dark stars. There lay great Cthulhu and his hordes, hidden in green slimy vaults . . . until the end.”

    The real island of Pohnpei is also mentioned in the story.

    Nan Madol had been abandoned by the time the first Europeans arrived, early in the 19th century, most likely declining at the time of the fall of the Saudeleur Dynasty in about 1450. Some have claimed that the ruins are the lost islands of Lemuria, although there is no scientific backing for this claim (or, for that matter, for the existence of Lemuria at all).

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    Putin veto’s the EU resolution against Crimea

    March 16th, 2014

     

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    Manifestación de activistas proPutin, este sábado en Moscú.

     

    The Ukrainian Ministry of Defense and Russia have agreed on a truce until next March 21. Under the agreement, the Russian armed forces will not take any action against the Ukrainian Crimea facilities during this period.

    Russia yesterday again showed signs of challenging the West ,  in its new role as an advocate for self-determination for ex Soviet nations. Moscow exercised its right to veto the draft resolution of the Security Council of the United Nations which sought to declare the referendum to be held today in Crimea “invalid” to join the Russian Federation. Moscow was alone in a query that will not be recognized by the U.S. or the EU. The growing military tension on the border of the peninsula with the mainland in Ukraine have escalated as of today, and Russian troops await orders from the Kremlin in Crimea.

    The draft of the UN declared that the referendum on Crimea ” cannot have validity and serve as a basis to alter in any way the status ” of the Russian-speaking peninsula, and called on ” all states and international organizations to not recognize any impairment with the status of Crimea from this referendum .

    ” Russian UN Ambassador Vitaly Churkin said that Russia has advocated from the outset on the grounds that the referendum does not violate international law , so ” the veto is not a surprise.” China and Russia usual ally in this forum, this time opted for abstention .

    Taking positions by soldiers in Crimea deployed from Moscow threatens to provoke an armed clash , especially after the cast of Russian troops that raided the Kherson region , located south of the mainland and outside Ukraine and Crimea. Kiev demanded the immediate withdrawal of the Ukrainian territory.

    “Ukraine reserves the right to take all necessary measures to repel this aggression from Russian measures,” said the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. According to Ukrainian media  yesterday , helicopters landed with 40 Marines of Russian armed forces. This was detected by border guards who are stationed in that area of ​​the region bordering Kherson with Crimea. According to local media, these troops then added three armored vehicles and six helicopters, which landed 60 soldiers .

    Spokesmen for the Russian forces claimed that its sole purpose was to defend distribution of a gas facility from possible terrorist acts. The Ukrainian Defense Ministry previously pointed out that his forces had repelled an attack by Russian troops in the region.

    Prime Minister of Ukraine, Arseniy Yatseniuk announced that the “political section” of the association agreement between Ukraine and the European Union signed on 21 March is still active. The EU part of the agreement that aborted the previous Ukrainian President Victor Yanukovich, can still be revived . The economic part of the partnership agreement is still pending ratification also pending the future of Crimea clarification. With little hope the Ukrainian parliament voted to dissolve the People’s Assembly of Crimea, regional legislature.

     

    While in Russia , Thousands of people took to the streets of Moscow to join marches in support and opposition to the Russian intervention in the Ukrainian region of Crimea. The latest polls show that the majority of Russians still considered this Ukrainian peninsula as part of Russia, but the protest has led against the invasion Putin plans outside its borders . About 30,000 people attended the march, chanting slogans such as ” No to war ” or ” For a Russia without Putin and Ukraine .” The concentration was riddled with Russian and Ukrainian flags, and included the participation of the founder of Pussy Riot .

    The demonstration of support for the intervention attracted some 15,000 attendees . In the same slogans and chanted slogans as “Crimea, we are with you ! “, “Russia does not abandon his people! ” or “Ukraine and Russia , Unite against fascism.” Many activists carrying flags of the Soviet Union in a march ended with a ceremony at the Revolution Square in the Russian capital , near the Kremlin , where some speakers incited back to the present the figure of the Ukrainian nationalist leader of the Second World War Stepan Bandera, filonazi considered in broad sectors as a legend within and outside Russia.

    The bloody riots last month in Kiev , which these days have spread to other Russian-speaking regions of Ukraine are constantly cited in the Crimea and in Russia as a prologue of disorders that can be primed with the Russians throughout the former USSR.

    Two people died in the night from Friday to Saturday and five were wounded as  registered in the city of Kharkov , Ukraine in the northeast , where the shooting apparently involved pro-Russian activists having pro-Ukranian resentment . For Moscow these violations are proof that Kiev is losing control of these territories in the east where pro-Russian organizations  who are struggling to open . But the acting president of Ukraine, Aleksander Turchinov , blamed the “agents of the Kremlin” for these violent episodes that occurred during the last week in the eastern cities of the country. Kiev has repeatedly warned of the danger of a Russian invasion as the country would follow the occupation of the Crimea .

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    Unknown Civilizations: Sacsayhuaman

    March 14th, 2014

     

    Sacsayhuaman

     

    Sacsayhuamán (also known as Saksaq Waman) is a walled complex near the old city of Cusco. Some believe the walls were a form of fortification, while others believe it was only used to form the head of the Puma that Sacsayhuamán along with Cuzco form when seen from above.

    The megalithic structure at Sacsayhuaman in Peru has equaled those tolerances with huge multi-sided blocks which are all completely irregular in a kind of three dimensional jigsaw puzzle.

    File:Sacsayhuaman (pixinn.net).jpg

    The best-known zone of Saksaywaman includes its great plaza and its adjacent three massive terrace walls. The stones used in the construction of these terraces are among the largest used in any building in prehispanic America and display a precision of fitting that is unmatched in the Americas.

    Sacsayhuaman is said by many Archaeologist to surpass the Incas, by as much as  7 millennium. Some estimate the ruins to be as 10.000 BC. The Incas, took strategic advantage of the site, something seen with Rome constructing over the Balbeek temple around 9th BCE.

    In addition, the Inca claimed to have finished just twenty years before the Spaniards arrived, and only about thirty-five years before the empire fell, yet the Spaniards did not described the fortress as being new or even near new, but looked like it had existed for a very long time, and frequently asked the Inca they conquered who built it—which the Inca often claimed for their own. However, the engineering accomplishments of Sacsayhuaman tell a different story.

    Take for an example the fantastic construction of huge stones weighing hundreds of tons so perfectly cut and fitted, modern man cannot understand how it was accomplished with the types of tools known to the ancients. When the Inca later occupied this site, they tried to repair a few of the damaged walls, where a some anciently set big stones have fallen over the years, probably from earthquakes in the past. Their efforts show a lack of ability to come close to the original, magnificent work that is often attributed to them.

    In addition, when the Spanish arrived, they used Inca labor to build on top of some of the ancient walls and structures. However, after two earthquakes, all the Inca had built came tumbling down while all the older pre-Inca walls and structures remained standing beneath the new, destroyed Inca work. Just look at the numerous examples below of excellent pre-Inca work, so precise and exact in fit and interlocking structure that modern engineers are amazed, and compare it to the few Inca repairs that are obvious of far lesser quality and knowledge. The difference is astounding:

     

    Top Left: note the small rocks the Inca used to try and repair where a much larger stone had fallen; Right: Another place where the Inca used small rocks along the top course of the wall where some boulders tumbled down anciently; Bottom: An example of Inca stonework known to  have been built during Inca times. Note the different between the repairs and this latter haphazard stacking of rocks with the giant, carved and perfectly fitted stonework of an earlier time

     

    Note the different abilities shown in these two examples of ancient stonework. Left: More recent Inca work; Right: Older stonework of Sacsayhuaman

     

     

    Note the difference between these two lintel doorways. Left: An older doorway using large, carved blocks; Right: A more recent Inca doorway using small, non-carved, loosely fitting lintel and rocks

     

    Left: Note the Inca repairs on the wall seen above the llama’s  head; Right: More obvious Inca repairs showing their lack of ability to cut and fit stonework—they used small stones with which they could work, even tough the missing larger stones were available for use

     

    Top Left: Top level of the three walls at Sacsayhuaman. Note the clump of stones in the center right where the Inca tried to repair the top wall; Top Right: More obvious Inca repair work; Bottom: Pre-Inca work—note the detail of fitting a small triangular rock in the center, which was beyond Inca capability

     

    The lower wall. Note 1) the top stones that were torn down by the early Spanish to build their own churches and houses—they stopped lower down because they simply could not dislodge them; 2) the fortress overlooked the valley below (Cuzco)

     

    Left: Note the perfectly rounded carving of all three stones of varying sizes, and especially the vertical cut and matching line to the right of the bottom stone so the middle stone overlapped for a stronger joint. In none of the repairs made by the Inca before the Spanish arrived was any such engineering capability shown; Right: Note the planning, even if an enemy could breach the lower wall, to get to the next level they had to pass through this single opening, that had an upward approach and steps, slowing progress, and having to pass the defenders on two levels above them

     

    When it is said the Inca worked on Sacsayhuaman before the Spanish arrived, it should be noted that their work is very obvious, using small rocks, most unfitted, to fill in the missing huge stones that were once in place. Inca work was far inferior to that of the original builders

    Even in small walls, care was taken to carve rounded corners, interlock stones, and even angle small stones to smooth off the top and make sure everything fit. Inca small stonework was simply a  haphazard stacking of stones as shown in the above images

    (See the next post, “The Inca: Occupiers or Creators – Part V,” for a real look at the Inca as they were, not as historians want us to believe they were)

    The stones are so closely spaced that a single piece of paper will not fit between many of the stones. This precision, combined with the rounded corners of the blocks, the variety of their interlocking shapes, and the way the walls lean inward, is thought to have helped the ruins survive devastating earthquakes in Cuzco. The longest of three walls is about 400 meters. They are about 6 meters tall. The estimated volume of stone is over 6,000 cubic meters. Estimates for the weight of the largest Andesite block vary from 128 tonnes to almost 200 tonnes.

    According to Graham Hancock, archaeologist, one of those stones is 29 feet high and weighs more than 360 tons; the equivalent of 500 passenger automobiles. That stone is not even at the base of the wall. Yet, the quarry from which the granite blocks were cut was more than 10 miles away.

    Sacsayhuaman in Quechua the language means “Satisfied Falcon” 

    Although it is commonly referred to as a ‘fortress‘, the early chroniclers were unanimous in their opinion that it had a reputation as a Royal House of the Sun:

    * Garcilaso de la Vega, who sates in his “Comentarios Reales” (“Royal Comments”) that people from Cusco knew, from ancient times, that this architectonic complex was actually a Royal House of the Sun. In chapter VI of his Seventh Book he says: “…an Inca with royal blood left the fortress as a messenger of the Sun…he left the fortress and not the Temple of the Sun, because it was said that he was a messenger of war not of peace, that the fortress was the House of the Sun”.

    * Pedro Cieza de León, Spanish chronicler of the conquest times, states in his book “El Señorío de los Incas” (“The Incan Dominion”) that the Royal House of the Sun was located to the north of the city of Cusco, within a collado.”

    * Martín de Murúa, also a Spanish chronicler, states that Sacsayhuamán “…was, at first, the House of the Sun, and nowadays it is only a witness of its ruin”.

     

    Some of the stones show indentations which may have served a purpose in the construction process.

      

    Although a substantial part of the walls has been removed over the ages (as much as 3m along their lengths according to archaeologists), what remains does so because it was too large to move.

    Like all Inca stonework there is still mystery surrounding how they were constructed. Thanks to an as yet unexplained precision in stone-cutting, the structure is built in such a way that a single piece of paper will not fit between two stones. It is believed that Sacsayhuaman shared the same stone works seen in places like Puma Punku, and Giza. They have detected “thermo-heat” as if he rocks were dissolved by an acid or even cut with diamond drilling.

    This precision, combined with the rounded corners of the limestone blocks, the variety of their interlocking shapes, and the way the walls lean inward (ubiquitous in Inca architecture), is thought to increase the ruins’ incredible durability–devastating earthquakes in Cuzco have left it undamaged.

    The site remains a mystery which is making Archaeologist to reconsider the age of the site, and set it to a much older age, showing that the America pre-Inca and Mayan civilizations could be up to 5.000 BCE, older than the Mesopotamian civilization.

    Archaeologist have also suggested that the ruins show human kind has developed high levels of civilization way before the evolutionary agenda, which disestablishes the notion of nomad tribes wondering the earth surpass the age of known civilizations.

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    War games in the Crimean border

    March 14th, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    Once again Crimea felt the Russian army running across the border three days before the referendum that can deliver the peninsula to the Russians. On Wednesday the Russian government had denied any military buildup along the neighboring country. But finally yesterday the Russian Defense Ministry acknowledged new military operations in several regions bordering the Ukrainian border. These ‘ war games ‘ employed Russian armored and airborne troops in the regions of Belgorod , Kursk and Rostov were defined by Russians as intensive training of artillery units, helicopters and at least 10,000 soldiers.

    The new Russian drill comes after NATO announced its own fighter deployment in countries bordering Ukraine to the west. Also the Ukrainian army has mobilized maneuvers in various parts of the country, although the Kiev government has ruled out military intervention in Crimea, where  unmarked troops have taken several Ukrainian bases and have besieged others. The mysterious soldiers are Russians, but Moscow has refused to recognize and has even warned that it reserves the right to resort to the use of military force in Crimea if the ethnic Russian population in the peninsula is threatened.

    The announcement confirms what the Russians Ukrainians  leadership fears. The first suspicions came through photographs showing columns of military vehicles in a border town called Lopan , less than an hour’s drive from the Ukrainian city of Kharkov . According to these sources , about 1,500 paratroopers have jumped the Russian Ivanovo military base in Rostov . The maneuvers will last two weeks, according to the Defense Ministry explained on its website , which stands at more than 8,500 soldiers involved .

    According to the Ukrainians, the Russians have accumulated 80,000 men on the border with Ukraine in recent weeks . Since late last month, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered exercises at a large-scale military near the border with Ukraine.

    Although the Crimea reigns defensiveness to the next steps of the new government in Kiev, which to date has compromised is military control of Ukrainians on the peninsula , where the Russians do not stop winning positions. Yesterday the commander of a Ukrainian core surrounded by the Russian military did a desperate call to his superiors to give him instructions to shoot. As reported by AFP ,  Yuliy Mamchur , is commanding the airbase on Belbek , who issued a desperate call in a videotaped speech that was broadcast on Ukrainian television: ” To avoid armed confrontations , I ask you to tell us what possible  measurement can we take if their families are threatened , “he said before warning that” if you do not take a decision according to our armed forces condition, including opening fire if necessary . ”

    Mamchur  mentioned that Ukrainian forces “cannot resist long before Russian troops outnumber them, better armed and better trained , but we are ready to fulfill our duty to the end ” . During the last days of the Russian strategy ” they have become more demanding .”

    Defense Minister Igor Tenyukh spoke by phone with this military to ensure that it had taken ” urgent action ” to support its base, but did not specify what they were.

    To reinforce this resistance the Ukrainian parliament yesterday approved the creation of the National Guard, a new militarized police force. The new force , formed with dependent Interior Ministry troops , ” will defend the Ukrainian people from internal and external aggression ” as the Acting President of Ukraine said . According to government sources , some 50,000 Ukrainians and citizens have been willing to join the ranks of the Guard, whose training camps begin work tomorrow Friday.

    In all, some 20,000 Ukrainians will soon be the ” special reserve of the National Guard ” and fulfill the tasks of ” safeguarding peace and stability in the country ,” wrote the Interior Minister Arsen Avakov on his Facebook page . To Kiev the creation of the National Guard of Ukraine is a very important step for the country ” in response to attempts from outside to destabilize the situation ,” according to the minister of interior .

    Tension grew throughout the day and evening as Ukrainians accused Russian forces to have shot one of their reconnaissance aircrafts when flying near the isthmus connecting the peninsula with the Ukraine mainland . This area has been installed  with outposts in recent days and has seen soldiers digging trenches to stop an eventual advancement of Ukrainian troops in the center and west of the country , who are more loyal to Kiev than Russia.  Although the Ukrainian army has begun maneuvers in various parts of the country , the Ukrainian government has publicly ruled out military intervention in the peninsula. Ukrainian military reported that is the second incident of this type and in this case the shots came from a Russian position in Armiansk . The Ukrainian aircraft was unarmed .

    Meanwhile in Donetsk and Kiev  a protester was stabbed to death by supporters of Moscow during protests in this pro-Russian stronghold .

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    Theory: Modern Mass Communications Should Heighten Awareness

    March 11th, 2014

     

     

    By Jaime Ortega

    Beginning in 1450 with the Gutenberg Press the social revolution of literacy took a leap forward. However the corruption and power of the Roman Catholic Church influenced the “dark age” of human progress and innovation.

    For millennia information has allowed humans to progress as we collected knowledge about different subjects. Information was obtained through documented experiences. But since the discovery of the electron, information has being hijacked by the speed of self-gratification. This unique system found mostly through the Internet and broadcasting has changed our comprehension and lowered our knowledge of human communication.

    What is the speed of “Instant Self-Gratification”?

    1) Gratification without the value of time (not waiting) (STG vs. LTG)

    Self-gratification is what pushes us to buy products to feel satisfied, forces us to become wealthy and keeps us trying to win every time we gamble at a casino. But when we blend self-gratification with the digital spectrum we use in social media platforms, it replaces basic long-term gratification, which is naturally wired in our brain, with short-term gratification. That long-term gratification is what makes us push ourselves to obtain goals over time. Short-term gratification is what makes us push ourselves to get instantly gratified. Finishing a two-year project is a long-term gratification. Giving a homeless man a few dollars is equal to short-term gratification.

    However, more than ever, short-term gratification has taken over long-term gratification. The reason –  the emergence of the Internet and the amount of social mediums available to instantly gratify users. Thus, we promote the impatience that these digital spectrums create.

    Example: Within the holiday season users can order products online. This will require only a click to satisfy their impatience and there you have it — STG.  Fewer people will go check the items they want by driving to various shopping malls,  passing over the LTG process that may take several weeks.  The latter case shows more patience, despite the fact these shoppers might never find the desired product in any of the malls they searched.

    STG= Impatience = Digital spectrum

    LTG= Patience = Natural spectrum

    Example: Someone posts a cool skateboarding video  on Facebook or YouTube. The one who posts will look for STG and impatiently check the amount of “likes” or “comments” he receives. Another kid starts to skate board in the street. After three weeks a man tells him, “I like those tricks” (a case of LTG showing more patient behavior).

    Texting is also another STG. One is looking forward to quick reply with no expectation of a long wait.

    The problem with STG is that it makes patient behavior obsolete and does not allow us to be persistent in our long term goals without the benefit of incentives every five seconds. In today’s world most people have become STG and set aside LTG. With the use of technology it takes less time to gratify our emotions – there’s no wait.

    2) Always winning in the shortest time available

    Everyone likes winners. But to be a winner it takes something extra that social media regularly does not sponsor. That is failure. Goals are achieved through experience. Learning from a debacle of errors is what makes our goals realistic propositions, rather than mirages inside a dream. The new generation of social media users can branch out digitally the wins over the losses without experiencing natural failure.

    For example: Mariah Carhan dreamed to be a scientist, but she never achieved her goal. When she first started using Facebook she realized that to self-gratify (STG) she could insert any profession of her choosing in the “where I work” tab. So, instead of inserting were she really worked (as a bartender), she typed “works for NASA” to look smart. Mariah became a winner in the shortest time available without ever taking time to get her degree in Science class and going to school.

    3) Absorbing fast information without reading content (Content Absorption)

    People affected from the demises of this digital generation normally read the headlines of a story online without actually reading through the story. They are thus failing to absorb the content by focusing only on the shell of the topic.

    During the golden age of newspapers readers turned the pages of news stories and read content that was moderately absorbed to keep updated about important issues. In the past people read more.

    Before the abundance of technology those acquiring knowledge lived with an expectation that time must be dedicated to the increase of information. As opposed to today’s world, information was more technical and valued. Before the age of massive computer availability information was harder to obtain, thus increasing the value of good data. Those craving new strains of information could be satisfied by work and pursuit of data even with the lack of technology.

    Dark Ages (PAST) vs. Data Blowout (PRESENT)

    During the Dark Ages information was not quantifiable. In other words there was a shortage of data that was on demand during that period. For example, if a sailor owned a complete map of world, showing continents, it was traded for the best price because whoever accessed the best information took strategic advantage toward success over his competitors. Many people that carried such information forced themselves to remember vital documents that would allow them to stand out. The reciters of the Quran in the Eighth Century forced themselves to memorize the teachings of prophet Muhammad.

    In today’s world information has boomed to levels where data itself is not taken with the same value observed during the Dark Ages. With such a surplus of information users are less likely to care about vital information, believing all information counts as equal to zero.

    Today there are so many platforms available for the public that modern communication has been distanced itself from the forces of print, digital newspapers, radio and television to create a super network of data that is now present everywhere and anywhere.

    It is almost impossible for people to remain uninformed, but with great power comes great responsibility. Reality shows that vast inflows of communication don’t make users smarter or more knowledgeable. The following theories demonstrate this:

    The Max-Drop Theory

    Let’s say for example that you just got a rib eye steak as a gift from your parents. The truth is that you will eat the steak. You will not have the same satisfaction as if you were broke and had struggled to come up with the $25.00 to purchase the same meat at a market yourself .

    When one works hard to obtain something precious and scarce, he is going to value what he has more because self-appreciation gets activated! The more people give you, the less appreciative you become. On the other hand,  the less people give you, the more appreciative you will become and increase the value of that ‘something’ you acquired on your own.

    When something is given you’re less likely to incentivize yourself and you naturally receive less (or no) credit for what you obtained. Your credit is gone; it’s theirs.

    The same protocol follows with information. Since information (thanks to digital breakthroughs) is easier to obtain than in the past, people are less likely to appreciate information. There is less incentive to learn about something they can access quite easily without ever learning anything.

    Max-out Theory

    Imagine for one second that everyone in the world was rich. What would happen with money? The value would go down. Because if everyone had money then money would not be worth anything.

    With so much information available on any subject, information has also lost its value. Everyone can access information online, in newspapers, by radio and broadcasts. What the Max-out Theory purposes is that when information is so available it minimizes the value of what is heard. The parallel: if everyone were to have money the Federal Reserve would estimate money to have lost its value.

    Ying-Yang Paradox Theory

    Pure information is like pure cocaine. It’s extremely expensive in its absolute value. When News Networks obtain the information they require to break a story, they grab the story in its pure form. Next they tamper it with their ideological ingredients before publishing the story or transmitting via television.

    A problem of credibility emerges. Who will you believe if Russia, Al Jazeera, Fox News and The Washington Post publish the same story and each with a different interpretation?

    We enter the Ying-Tang Paradox. All the networks above claim to be serving the public, but they present different interpretations of the same reality through slanted versions of the pure story. The common reader willingly or unwillingly needs to be aware that either his preferred News Network is bias to interpretation or simply that his information — like cocaine — has lost the value it had in its pure form.

    So why is mass communications troubled?

    •As people no longer have an incentive to keep updated there is less appreciation of good information.

    •There is so much information that its value is null.

    •The pure form of information is self-centered among networks which claim to report in the same fashion. However, they speak from a disparity of ideologies. Who can you believe?”

     

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    Venezuela’s barricades of liberty

    March 11th, 2014

     

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    The conflict almost continues  a month since it began with a string of street protests led by students and opposition leaders in Venezuela . And yesterday, as has become usual over the days , the center of Caracas again shows the scenes of struggle between the repressive government forces of Nicolas Maduro and protesters , determined to leapfrog to free the country from the disastrous legacy Chavez initiated a decade ago.

    This protest ( which the Executive banned) was convened to reach the Ministry of Food with empty pots symbolizing prevailing shortages in supermarkets . Frustrated with the strategy of dialogue the opposition of the Democratic Unity Table (MUD ) initiated by Henrique Capriles Maduro who was beat in in elections last year that were called into question , has been a MUD sector supported by university students . Since on 12 February, things have taken a strong turn , convinced that the events that are reported in the social networks will be critical to generate a state of world opinion that could change the weight Balance against Maduro .

    It is this change in strategy , led by the now arrested Leopoldo Lopez, Maria Corina Machado and Antonio Ledezma, and seconded by a reluctant Capriles that Venezuelans inside and outside the country have repeatedly discussed. After a month of caceroladas , guarimbas and marches have resulted in twenty dead , hundreds injured , many arrests and episodes of beatings at police stations.

    Some argue that the cessation of daily living and the death of young protestors will not achieve that multiply knock over a repressor underpinned by the logistics provided by the Castro government regime. The perquisites enjoyed by the military and the complicity of many of the governments of Latin America , as it has been detached from the unsuccessful meeting of the OAS.

    Ironically , despite the evidence of violation of human rights and harassment of independent media , most neighboring countries preferred to give a boost to Maduro.

    “Bridging the huge gap with the Venezuelan drama until today has debated whether the Holocaust victims fought enough before boarding the trains that carried an inescapable death. I insist . It’s terrible when lambs discuss among themselves the value of their own silence or mutiny before slaughter ,” said a Carlos Rato a young protestor who was lynched by the police.

    The question that many people from the precariousness of the barricade, is whether it is realistic to throw stones against Goliath. This is the debate that all evil despotic system leads the flock , moving the victims guilt.

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    Unknown Civilizations: Aratta

    March 9th, 2014

     

     

    Research by Jaime Ortega.

    In southeastern Iran, a sudden change in the course of the Halil Roud River recently revealed traces of a 5000 year-old civilization on the Iranian Plateau that had been hidden until then. More than 80 archaeological sites have since been identified in the area. Five huge cemetaries were plundered, but the associated housing structures remain untouched. The large quantity of relics found, the cultural wealth of the objects, and the size of the area inhabited suggest an entirely original civilization. Scientists hail this as an important discovery, one which may challenge the common belief that civilization arose from one location in Mesopotamia.

    A recent excavation may have unearthed the mythical kingdom. If so, would be the archaeological discovery of the century. A new Trojan. That this is so, is the belief Yussef Majidzadegh Iranian archaeologist, who with an international team (which also includes the Italian Massimo Vidale, archaeologist IsIAO) leads the excavations of Jiroft, in south-eastern Europe. Majidzadeh argues that Jiroft is the oldest Eastern civilization, at least the previous two centuries the Sumerian.

     

    Zigurat found in Aratta 

    Jiroft, probably to be identified with the City of Aratta known from Sumerian texts, was like Sumeria itself almost certainly a Dravidian culture, maintaining trade links with the Harappan culture of the Indus valley, in a sense the missing link between Sumerian and Harappan culture.

    The Sumerian legend, Enmerkar and the lord of Aratta, establishes that Aratta had highly skilled and much sought after craftsmen, which the Sumerians sought to employ for their own usage in constructing a ziggurat after the fashion of that at Aratta, which was dedicated to Inana and were her cult was pre-eminent, thus the Goddess and her tradition seemingly were derivative of Aratta.

    Aratta is described as follows in Sumerian literature:

    • It is a fabulously wealthy place full of gold, silver, lapis lazuli and other precious materials, as well as the artisans to craft them.
    • It is remote and difficult to reach.
    • It is home to the goddess Inana, who transfers her allegiance from Aratta to Uruk.
    • It is conquered by Enmerkar of Uruk.

    Mentions in Sumerian literature

    Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta  - The goddess Inanna resides in Aratta, but Enmerkar of Uruk pleases her more than does the lord of Aratta, who is not named in this epic. Enmerkar wants Aratta to submit to Uruk, bring stones down from the mountain, craft gold, silver and lapis lazuli, and send them, along with “kugmea” ore to Uruk to build a temple. Inana bids him send a messenger to Aratta, who ascends and descends the “Zubi” mountains, and crosses Susa, Anshan, and “five, six, seven” mountains before approaching Aratta. Aratta in turn wants grain in exchange. However Inana transfers her allegiance to Uruk, and the grain gains the favor of Aratta’s people for Uruk, so the lord of Aratta challenges Enmerkar to send a champion to fight his champion. Then the god Ishkur makes Aratta’s crops grow.

    Enmerkar and En-suhgir-ana  - The lord of Aratta, who is here named En-suhgir-ana (or Ensuhkeshdanna), challenges Enmerkar of Uruk to submit to him over the affections of Inanna, but he is rebuffed by Enmerkar. A sorcerer from the recently defeated Hamazi then arrives in Aratta, and offers to make Uruk submit. The sorcerer travels to Eresh where he bewitches Enmerkar’s livestock, but a wise woman outperforms his magic and casts him into the Euphrates; En-suhgir-ana then admits the loss of Inanna, and submits his kingdom to Uruk.

    Lugalbanda in the Mountain Cave  - is a tale of Lugalbanda, who will become Enmerkar’s successor. Enmerkar’s army travels through mountainous territory to wage war against rebellious Aratta. Lugalbanda falls ill and is left in a cave, but he prays to the various gods, recovers, and must find his way out of the mountains.

    Lugalbanda and the Anzud Bird  - Lugalbanda befriends the Anzud bird, and asks it to help him find his army again. When Enmerkar’s army is faced with setback, Lugalbanda volunteers to return to Uruk to ask the goddess Inana’s aid. He crosses through the mountains, into the flat land, from the edge to the top of Anshan and then to Uruk, where Inana helps him. She advises Enmerkar to carry off Aratta’s “worked metal and metalsmiths and worked stone and stonemasons” and all the “moulds of Aratta will be his”. Then the city is described as having battlements made of green lapis lazuli and bricks made of “tinstone dug out in the mountains where the cypress grows”.

    Summerian artifact shows the Land of Aratta. 

    Early 20th century scholars initially took Aratta to be an epithet of the Sumerian city Shuruppak related to its local name for the od Enlil.

    However that is no longer seen to be the case. Although Aratta is known nly from myth, some Assyriologists and archaeologists have speculated on possible locations where Aratta could have been, using criteria from the myths:

    1. Land travelers must pass through Susa and the mountainous Anshan region to reach it.
    2. It is a source of, or has access to valuable gems and minerals, in particular lapis lazuli, that are crafted on site.
    3. It is accessible to Uruk by watercourse, yet remote from Uruk.
    4. It is close enough to march a 27th-century BC Sumerian army there.

    In 1963, Samuel Noah Kramer thought that a “Mount Hurum” in a Lugalbanda myth (which he titled “Lugalbanda on Mount Hurrum” at the time) might have referred to the Hurrians, and hence speculated Aratta to be near Lake Urmia. However, “Mount Hurum”, “hur-ru-um kur-ra-ka”, in what is now called Lugalbanda in the Mountain Cave, is today read “mountain cave”, and Kramer subsequently introduced the title “Lugalbanda, the Wandering Hero” for this story.

    Excavation in Jiroft Iran.

    Other speculations referred to the early gem trade route, the “Great Khorasan Road” from the Himalayan Mountainsto Mesopotamia, which ran through northern Iran. Anshan, which had not yet been located then, was assumed to be in the central Zagros mountain range. However, when Anshan was identified as Tall-i Malyan in 1973, it was found to be 600 km south-east of Uruk, far removed from any northerly routes or watercourses from Uruk, and posing the logistical improbability of getting a 27th-century BC Sumerian army through 550 km of Elamiteterritory to wage war with Aratta Nevertheless, there have been speculations referring to eastern Iran as well. Dr. Yousef Majidzadeh believes the Jiroft Civilization could be Aratta.

    By 1973, archaeologists were noting that there was no archaeological record of Aratta’s existence outside of myth, and in 1978 Hansman cautions against over-speculation.

    Writers in other fields have continued to hypothesize Aratta locations. A “possible reflex” has been suggested in Sanskrit Āraṭṭa or Arāṭṭa mentioned in the Mahabharata and other texts; Alternatively, the name is compared with the toponym Ararat or Urartu.

     

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    Capriles calls for another protest without Maduro’s permission

    March 8th, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    The Venezuelan opposition today called on its supporters to participate today in a new march to protest against the shortage of commodities in the country.  Mobilization to the ruling party refused permission to travel on the areas in which rules that ” protest can turn violent .”

    “Tomorrow national mobilization against one of the serious problems that affect and unite ALL Venezuelans is SHORTAGE ” , said the Venezuelan opposition leader Henrique Capriles via his Twitter account . The student leader Juan Requesens also invited to march through the same social network citing that the Venezuelan people take to the streets “again ” and called the protest for 10.00 local time  to the site located where the Ministry of Food is.

    Also, opposition lawmaker Maria Corina Machado called for Twitter to go out today, Women’s Day, and protest ” against a regime” that kills ” with bullets and hunger.”

    The march is organized to develop  in the Caracas municipality of Libertador where Chavista mayor, Jorge Rodriguez ruled via Twitter tonight he that refused permission to do that.

    “I want to inform through this social medium (twitter) that is not allowed any motion to the right, on Saturday of the liberator Mun,” Rodriguez said in another post, ” We must protect the life and property of the citizens of the municipality, thus we have denied permission for a march that could turn violent . ” In a subsequent letter reiterated : ” The Liberator Mun is a town of peace and free of fascism, and so we will keep .”

    Rodriguez repeated the order issued and when the opposition leader Leopoldo López called for a concentration for their supporters to accompany him to surrender serving an arrest warrant against him on 18 February , despite the lack of permission , hundreds of thousands supported it.

    Venezuela is undergoing a wave of protests since last February 12 against the government that have been developing in several cities, and in some cases have turned violent , by causing at least 19 deaths, 318 injured and 1,103 detainees, according to official data.

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    Russia threatens to veto the inspection of its nuclear weapons

    March 8th, 2014

    By Jaime Ortega.

    Russia will dialogue with the West if its not accused of being part of the Ukrainian conflict. “We are willing to talk on condition that it is a fair dialogue , as partners , with no attempts to introduce ourselves as if we were even part of the conflict ,” warned the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov.

    In addition , Moscow has also threatened to suspend international inspections of nuclear weapons on its territory, collected by the treaty on nuclear arms reduction START III. “We are ready for that step in response to statements by the Pentagon on the suspension of cooperation between the Ministry of Defense of Russia and the U.S. ,” said a senior Russian Defense Ministry to local agencies .

    Russian President Vladimir Putin yesterday asked his U.S. counterpart , Barack Obama, to not sacrifice bilateral relations with ” disagreements over certain international problems, which are very significant.” In the telephone conversation, held at the initiative of the American side the Russian president, said ” a dangerous situation has been created in Ukraine” and discussed that” divergent approaches and assessments of the causes of the crisis and current state of affairs were found “according to the Kremlin.

    Moreover, Lavrov warned that ” the so-called Interim Ukrainian Government does not act of their own accord and depends, unfortunately, on radical nationalists who took power through armed insurrection .”

    In addition , he stressed the need to investigate the violent riots in Kiev that left hundreds dead and nearly a thousand injured that ended with the overthrow of President Viktor Yanukovych.

    ” Undoubtedly, the research should be done and I think it will be possible to shelve the latest information on the so-called ‘ case of snipers ‘ ” , said the head of Russian diplomacy in reference to the suspicions of some European diplomats about how shooters acted in Kiev and could had being hired by the then Ukrainian opposition

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    Obama punishes Russia with economic sanctions

    March 4th, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    Following the U.S. invasion of Crimea, U.S. military cuts and trade cooperation with Russia are about to take place. Obama is also preparing sanctions against Putin , and his faithful banks and entrepreneurs.

    Washington ‘s action contrasts with European interests and are put in doubt by several countries who still don’t trust the U.S. after a long list of invasions.

    Itching to move faster than the European Union, the United States suspended Monday its military and trade cooperation with Russia. The Obama Administration also prepares sanctions against President Vladimir Putin , their banks and their loyal business .

    Pressed last year by international criticism of hesitation, President Barack Obama announced that it will take “a number of economic and diplomatic measures to isolate Russia.”

    If Putin’s troops do not withdraw from Crimea. “Russia is on the wrong side of history on this occasion,” Obama said before meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

    A few hours later, the Pentagon issued the suspension of military cooperation with Russia with the cancellation of a naval exercise scheduled for May and all lectures and visits. Meanwhile , the State Department plans to ban the entry of U.S. senior Russian government officials and freeze their assets. Congress is also considering blocking Russia from receiving assistance through the International Monetary Fund.

    United States also decided Monday to cancel meetings with Russia to promote investment and trade between the two countries. The exchange of goods with Russia poses to the United States only 1% of their trade, but the decision is the first sign of punishment that companies are brewing to do business with Moscow, a step that the EU is reluctant to act upon the interests of the British or Dutch Shell BP .

    While Europeans doubt , Democrats and Republicans push Obama to use all possible diplomatic tools to punish Russia after years of Putin not responding the democratic way .

    Just five years ago, Hillary Clinton gave Russian Foreign Minister in Geneva a red plastic button with the word “reset” . Sergei Lavrov promised to put it on his desk .

    ” It symbolizes what President Obama, Vice President Biden and I have said we want to start ,” said then-Secretary of State while Lavrov kept laughing. But the button had flaws .The Americans failed to correctly translate the term “reset” and wrote “peregruzka ” in Russian. Lavrov said the word chosen meant “download ” . “We already do that in my house,” he joked.

    The good intentions of the Obama Administration to overcome the tension with Russia ‘s invasion of Georgia gave the same results as the attempts of George W. Bush to woo Putin ( former president regretted that in June 2001 he had looked into the “soul ” of the Russians and felt it was a “legit ” cause).

    After years of negotiations , the U.S. and Russia do not even have a list of low confidence. Last week, Kerry spoke four times with Lavrov , who said that his army would not invade Crimea. Putin did the same with Obama he acknowledged Saturday for a half hour conversation before the deployment of thousands of Russian soldiers in Crimea.

    The role of Obama

    Obama’s position is particularly weak after their summer lurches with flawed interventions in Syria. Obama put the decision in the hands of Putin’s ally Assad and the output of chemical disarmament regime in Damascus was invented.

    America ‘s obsession is to hold together the European and economic aid to the new government in Kiev, but retaliation preferred by the EU against Putin show far lower consent.

    Instigated by Obama , Heads of State and Government of the G -7 ( U.S., Canada , UK, France, Germany , Italy and Japan ) on Sunday announced the suspension of all the preparatory meetings for the summit of the G- Sochi scheduled for August 4 and 5 June. This is a de-facto temporary withdrawal of G- 8, and the major industrialized countries forum formed to include Russia. The White House also sent a delegation to the Paralympics this week .

    President Obama is now under pressure to do more and faster. In addition to freeze the assets of Putin and other leaders, the administration may prevent businesses linked to the Kremlin Russian banks , to expand the list of oligarchs who are banned from traveling to the U.S. or investigate black money laundering more aggressively.

    Criticism of his foreign policy

    Sen. Marco Rubio, become voice these days of protests in Ukraine and Venezuela , advises the president to “reconsider” the anti- missile shield that the Bush administration planned to deploy between Poland and the Czech Republic. Sen. Richard Durbin proposes “throw the whole” Russia from the G -8. But Obama has little room if Europeans dependent on Russian gas , and do not support all the punishment that can be counted on the United Nations.

    The Security Council met Monday for the third time since Friday, but Russia’s veto is just a forum for debate.

    From the hint in Syria , the president’s foreign policy was suspended. The Washington Post on Monday gave Obama a harsh editorial in which he is accused of living in a world of ” fantasy ” : “President Obama has been a foreign policy based more on how you think the world should work that in the reality we all live on. “

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    Medvedev blasts west over Ukraine’s new government

    February 25th, 2014

     

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has questioned the legitimacy of the new Ukrainian government born out the revolution that toppled the regime of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich.

    ” Properly speaking .  The legitimacy of a number of organs of power [ in Ukraine ] raises serious doubts ,” said the head of the Russian government in press conference in Sochi , explaining why last night he called the ambassador in Kiev.

    “Some of our foreign partners do not consider Yanukovich as a serious leader . They do not know what the Constitution reads , but this is an aberration of consciousness, they question the legitimate presidency to what actually is the result of an armed insurrection ,” he said , referring to the recognition of some Western countries of the new Ukrainian authorities.

    He insisted that if the Government will consider ” people who walks around with black masks and Kalashnikov automatic rifles in Kiev , then with that government it will be very hard to work with.”

    clarifications

    However, he stressed that “those who are legally binding with set agreements “  deserve compliments , referring to economic, gas contracts and other commitments to the neighboring country.

    “We will not cooperate with specific people , is about relationships between states ,” he added .

    Medvedev said the decision to call queries to the Russian ambassador in Kiev , Mikhail Zurabov , means that Moscow ” does not understand what is happening ” in Ukraine and wonders ” if there is a real threat to our interests, to life and health of our citizens. ”

    Meanwhile, the Foreign Ministry raised tension and threatened to hang on to power if statements will urge halt to the “extremists” who aspire to seize power .

    The ministry directed by Sergei Lavrov also accused Western countries of Ukraine’s riots/

    ‘ Extremists who aspire to take power ‘

    ” We appeal to all strongly related to the crisis in Ukraine to exercise maximum responsibility and not allow the situation to continue to deteriorate between parties. We ask for a return to the legal framework to firmly curb the extremists who aspire to seize power , “says the note.

    The Foreign Ministry also notes that ” it seems that the agreement reached on 21 February ( between the opposition and even then President Viktor Yanukovych ) with the silent approval of their foreign sponsors was just a smokescreen to continue the indent transfer of power in Ukraine by fait accomplishments. ”

    The department headed by Lavrov stressed ” especially efforts that international structures such as the UN Secretary General , justify this course of action.”

    And shows that has not been heard in the West to condemn ” the criminal actions of extremists , including their Nazi and anti-Semitic behavior .”

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    Yanukovich presents early elections for Ukraine

    February 21st, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

     

    The President of Ukraine has announced that it has reached a ” preliminary agreement ” with the opposition, the EU and Russia after spending all night negotiating and dealing with the bloodshed in Kiev yesterday, in which the deceased reached 75 .

    Under this agreement, announced at noon by President Viktor Yanukovich himself the early elections will be held soon and a government of national unity will be established with a series of constitutional reforms that will cut the president’s power . This constitutional amendment would ” return to the Constitution of 2004,” in the words of Yanukovich himself, in which current presidential powers are in the hands of the Government and Parliament.

    The confirmation of the agreement was previously reached in Brussels . Sources claimed that the European Union had agreed to form a transitional government , to help a reform of the Constitution and early presidential elections. According to Alexander Yefremov , head of the parliamentary group of the government, the elections will take place in December and in March 2015 .

    In agreement  allies that acted as mediators were foreign ministers of Germany, Frank -Walter Steinmeier , Poland, Radoslaw Sikorski , and France , Laurent Fabius , and the Russian representative for Human Rights Vladimir Lukin.

    The epicenter of the protests is calmed down

    Meanwhile, in the Plaza of independence, the ‘ rioters ‘ assured to ignore the existence of such an agreement  according to reports from Kiev . The heart of the peaceful protests dawned on a sunny day , well away from the lived yesterday. The barricades are still in the ‘ Euromaidan ‘ , but protesters have left the combat position and simply contemplate the big screen installed in the square connected with Parliament. Not a single police has come to the area and information about an exchange of fire between protestors and police would have occurred at any barricade outside the Plaza.

    Coinciding with this, police officers from other regions of the country have approached the Independence Square to show solidarity with the ‘ protestors’ and announced they stand with their cause . In turn , the deputy chief of the Ukrainian army , Yuri Dumanski , announced his resignation in protest against the repeated attempts by the Presidency to involve the armed forces in the conflict. ” If the army is involved in the civil conflict , this means mass death of civilians and military ,” said the general Dumanski . ” Hence I have decided to submit my resignation , in order to avoid escalation .”

    On Wednesday , President Viktor Yanukovych sacked the chief of staff Volodymyr Zamana for his opposition to participate in the crisis. In the violent yesterday , Ukrainian police opened with the rioters.

     

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    Swish immigration reform revives issue in Germany

    February 16th, 2014

     

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    After the referendum passed on immigration from the neighboring Alpine country , Germany has exploded though out the social networking and likewise claim to limit immigration in the image and likeness of the Swiss .

    The official government response on the contrary has been, ” lamenting the outcome of the vote ” and the main political parties ignore this body of opinion on the Internet. On Sunday, after showing the opinion poll one cannot avoid having to plan the next electoral campaign for the European elections. This is a survey by Emnid and published by Bild whereby 72% of the vote in the referendum  shows that most Germans support a new limit on immigration, whereas only 23 % oppose.

    The first effects of this shocking fact have already begun to be felt by Germans . The leader of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) and member of the grand coalition government , Horst Seehofer , has held that “Applying Switzerland’s rule would do no harm to Germany.”

    More specifically, Seehofer calls for citizen to veto the decisions of Brussels. ” The concern of the CSU is that the German people be consulted in European major decisions . And within that category understand that is expanding to other new members of the Union,  including the transfer of national powers and scope of aid participating financially in Germany, ” Seehofer said .

    From the Social Democratic Party (SPD ), also in the coalition government , voices appear  a little shy but in the same sense . The general secretary, Yasmin Fahimi , said that “it is understandable that people want to not only make a cross on paper every four years , but  should increasingly involve in political decisions ” and notes , as ” a very positive experience “the query that your party has recently made between their bases to approve the agreement to form the grand coalition with Merkel.

    ‘ The real sovereignty ‘

    The opposition is not insensitive to this new approach. The leader of the Greens, Cem Özdemir, recalls that ” we require some time now to increase elements of direct democracy, as they do not try to question fundamental rights or principles of the constitution ” , while Die Linke (The Left ) requires not only in Germany direct feedback on major European issues , but also in other partner countries. ” The key decisions on the future of Europe should be taken with real sovereignty and it resides in the people , so we need direct feedback in all European countries.”

    The fact that this speech, is seeing the light in the German political parties , has much to do with the newly created party Alternative für Deutschland ( AfD ) proposing the expulsion of the weaker euro countries . AfD was about to enter the German parliament in Septembers general elections launching all populist campaigns in Europe , forcing the other parties to redirect their speech to prevent other political from losing votes.

    AfD leader , Bernd Lucke , was quick to declare that “Switzerland is a good example to control immigration in countries that are exposed to unwanted social immigration ” and that ” Germany has legislation pending an immigration law based on the rating and the ability to integrate immigrants . ”

    The fertile land on which AdF spread these seeds is a society in which immigration has become the primary concern of citizens , according to the ‘ political barometer ‘ of German public television station ZDF from January 17 , reflects a strong increase in tension on this matter. 22% of respondents said the issue as the most important , slightly ahead of the labor market situation and well above pensions , inflation and wages.

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    Three protesters killed by Venezuelan authorities

    February 13th, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    Three people have died during demonstrations against opposition as students convened throughout Venezuela. The deaths report two in Caracas and a third in the municipality of Chacao, as confirmed Venezuela’s Attorney General Luisa Ortega Diaz. In addition there are 23 injuries and at least 25 arrested for complaining.

    One is a pro-government protester, as indicated by the President of the National Assembly and leader of the military wing of the ruling party, Diosdado Cabello.

    During the speech, Cabello reported the “murder of a member of the Bolivarian Revolution in Candelaria square”, about 200 meters from where opponents manifested. “You have been cruelly killed by fascism,” said Cabello.

    Hundreds of opposition supporters against Chavez mobilized today in separate marches across the country under the Youth Day.

    Capriles condemns violence

    The opposition leader Henrique Capriles condemned the violence unleashed by the end of the march in Caracas and elsewhere in the country ensuring that these actions will not stain civic citizen protest.

    “We condemn violence! Violence never be our way!  Confident that the vast majority rejects and condemns it!”,  Capriles said on social network Twitter at the end of a turbulent day of marches that ended with groups of hooded attacks against the Attorney General burning police cars.

    “Our country is going through a tough crisis and now  we have more violence than already exists! NO to violence!” Said the opposition leader, who attended the march to support college students who demanded changes in the country.

    “Those who want real change and peace in Venezuela will not end up kidnapped by violent groups”, also said the governor of Miranda state (center), who was unmarked in the last days of the call from leaders like Leopoldo López and María Corina Machado to convert the day today into a demand for the removal from office of president Maduro.

    Capriles said that “today we mobilized thousands to peacefully exercise their right to protest” and it is “unacceptable such show stained with violence”.

    Maduro points to perpetrators

    Nicolas Maduro condemned the violence shown from the protesters and said, “All the information indicates that the management comes directly from the perpetrators of this violence, but also indicates masterminds” Maduro said in a speech from the Aragua (north central) state mandatory broadcast radio and television.

    The president expressed his repudiation of violence and asked to be alert to fight any attempt to destabilize his government. While defended his government with respects of civil rights and freedoms, he briskly instructed that all who leave without permission from the authorities should be immediately stopped. “The rejection of fascist violence, coup, these small groups (…) everyone alert, we do not trust, against those who are capable of anything,” he said.

    “In Venezuela we are facing a Nazi-fascist resurgence and we will defeat you. There will be no coup in Venezuela, have absolute securit,” he said. He further stated that violent groups had prepared these disturbances to lead the country into a “war of dogs, to put our people against each other.”

    “I call to peace, there will be no impunity,” he said while expressing support for research that the Attorney General will perform for those responsible for the atrocities, including the burning of several vehicles in the vicinity of the headquarters of the Audience Ministry in Caracas. “I have turned very clear instructions to support the prosecution. They are identified in video and photography all groups who exercised violence,” he added.

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    The EU responds to Switzerland’s threat

    February 11th, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

     

     

    The result in the referendum held in Switzerland on Sunday will have inevitable consequences for the Swiss economy and change the relationship that this country has with the EU. The extent of the impact and its true impact will depend on how the Swiss legislation fulfills the mandate it has given its citizens by a narrow majority , which calls for the establishment of quotas on immigration from other European countries.

     

    All EU institutions responded yesterday with a similar challenge posed by this country, which has a preferential relationship with the EU through the nearly 100 bilateral message agreement. ” The free movement of people is sacred and cannot accept restrictions on the movement without having an impact on the rest of agreements we have signed,” the spokesman the European Commission, Pia Ahrenkilde said yesterday .

     

    Even more compelling were some foreign ministers yesterday that improvised a discussion on this matter at its regular meeting in Brussels . “The decision will have consequences. Switzerland could not settle with the free circulation of the European economy and at the same time want to have a privileged status within the EU market ,” said Luxembourg responsible, Jean Asselborn .

     

    Behind these words lies an uncertainty that even the European Commission does not know how to clear. The Swiss decision has been taken directly by a tool from the political point of view were no one in the EU can criticize democracy. It is not a given for a populist swerved government, but the mandate they have given the citizens of the country to the current government, has three years to change the current prevailing free movement agreement with the EU.

     

    Gerald Häfner , president of Democracy International, says the Swiss executive has no leeway to turn a deaf ear to this mandate that popular initiatives can only be invalidated if they violate a fundamental right enshrined in the Charter of Human Rights.

     

    Brussels standby

     

    So the European institutions are on standby until Berne gives an indication of how the Brussels will handle this situation. Tomorrow the first meeting which plans will be known thanks to the swish government will explain much of the problems it faces . ” In the short term there will be no major immediate consequences. ‘ll Have to know how to act after Switzerland  respond appropriately ,” a community source said .

     

    Whoever it may affect  Croatia since is the last country to join the EU that planned to sign with the Swiss country a free movement agreement already enjoyed on all other Member States , but not all in the same degree .

     

    ” It seems reasonable that this step will stall when Switzerland makes a definite choice,” said the Commission. Failure to approve this agreement will immediately lock the Erasmus programs and research projects that could benefit the Swiss citizens.

     

    The relations between this country and the European bloc are regulated by bilateral agreements signed that began after 1999 , after Switzerland resigned to join the European Economic Area . The first of these packages are called Bilateral Negotiation I and includes the free movement of persons, elimination of trade barriers , public procurement , agriculture, land and air transport and scientific research.

     

    The European Commission will not change the contents of these agreements (which itself could do the Member States unanimously ) and both parties agreed to sign a guillotine known to establishing that either can break the whole package of this clause agreement if any of these rules apply to the EU or may be applied in Switzerland.

     

    So the rejection of the free movement of people would , immediately, cast a series of cascading effects to the alpine economy as trade barriers or transportation issues.

     

    Penalties and consequences

     

    But besides these sanctions, the consequences can go so far as to decide politically the problems within the EU. In 2004 the EC signed a new package block (Bilateral II ) bilateral agreements covering , among other areas , the country’s participation in Schengen with Switzerland. There are also other issues that are being negotiated right now and can be frozen, such as fiscal transparency and the energy agreement .

     

    So economic reprisals can be as strong as the European Union wants. Switzerland has a strong dependence on the block , home to 430,000 of its citizens. According to the Commission , the country ‘s third largest trading partner and 78% of its imports come from the Member States.

     

    Restrictions on freedom of movement can affect up to one million European citizens living in the Swiss country and 230,000 who cross daily the border to work . And from the point of view of internal organization in the European Union this new twist can spur aspirations to Eurosceptics calling for a revision of the treaties to repatriate powers transferred to Brussels and restrict free movement.

     

    “The implications for the UK are clear,” explained yesterday Mats Persson , director of Open Europe think tank , “If this leads to new restrictions to other areas of trade between the EU and Switzerland and UK many may argue that a system of bilateral agreements to difficult to implement . If , on the other hand , Switzerland is able to renegotiate their relations with the EU while imposing restrictions on free movement , those calling out the European Union will in this case show a clear precedent . “

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    Putin and Yakunovych hold a meeting in Sochi

    February 9th, 2014

     

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    The Russian and Ukrainian presidents have held a meeting in Sochi and talk about the increasing economic hardship in Ukraine, where pro-European protesters have occupied for more than two weeks the center of Kiev.

    Russian President, Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych also spoke about the integration of Ukraine into the European Union offered by Jose Manuel Barroso the head of the European Commission.

    Putin has also taken special interested in The U.S. financial strategy to help Ukraine if negotiations with EU, go forward.

    Although the meeting, held on Friday evening  has not been confirmed , some of the topics were not discussed .

    The  part of the meeting opening of the Olympic Games in Sochi , is the first interview that remains after the economic boost that brought Russia to Ukraine , which made ​​clear the pro-Russian orientation of this former Soviet republic after the suspension by the Government of an association agreement with the European Union.

    Yanukovych returned to Ukraine filtered without any of the issues addressed in the interview. The country is mired in a political crisis for the past two months , and is on the verge of bankruptcy , pending a receipt of a new Russian rescue plan , currently suspended .

    “They’ve spoken on the stage. And has not been an official bilateral meeting , it was not foreseen in the program with Yanukovych in Sochi ,” stated a spokesman for the Ukrainian presidency. This same laconic information was likewise offered by Putin’s spokesman , Dmitri Peskov .

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    Nieto visits Michoacan in the midst of conflict

    February 5th, 2014

     

    By Jaime Ortega.

    A month after the most serious conflict that Mexico had experienced in recent years broke out, President Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI ) step inside territory war and came to Michoacan, a green land northwest of the country from where much of the avocado is produced to export to Europe and the United States.

    Nieto wanted to personally see the implementation of its security plan after seeing the region of ‘Tierra Caliente ‘ blow up into the pieces after the lifting of self-defense groups , which have been expelling over the weeks the dangerous cartel of the Templar knights who dominate the area. Since a month of clashes between AUC (Self defense forces who oppose cartels) and the Templars made headlines over half the world (the uprising itself has more than a year ) Peña Nieto announced a security plan ( move more soldiers ) that include a package of social programs.

    But the leader of the AUC , José Manuel Mireles , who is not attached to Nieto’s policies was blunt “In Michoacán there is no need for theaters, in order for peace to be restored, we need facts,” he said in an interview. He also referred to the arrest of some of the big cartel bosses ‘El Chayo ‘ and ‘La Tuta ‘.

    Peña Nieto ‘s trip was kept secret until the last minute and was accompanied by an impressive amount of security, only compared that of the former Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi as he toured the neighborhoods of Tripoli to ensure everything was calm.

    Peña Nieto route was not well covered by the press, but its speculated that he could appear in the symbolic town of Apatzingán, the capital of the Templars. But since Michoacán made world news on early January a lot has happened.

    The army moved and took the area. Hundreds of police officers and the military were deployed to Tierra Caliente to try to stop the AUC, that have not stopped advancing and ‘ conquer ‘ towns like La Huerta , of about 500 people besides other towns like Plan de Ayala or Santa Clara de Valladares .

    Due to the speed and pace of the conflict, many Mexican soldiers forgot their attempt to disarm the insurgents but they agreed to be ” more discreet ” with the weapons they will use and avoid pictures that went around the world uploaded by hundreds of farmers exhibiting 4×4 Ak -47.

    Peña Nieto accepted a change in his institutionalization and registered and called AUC the ” village guards ” . But it’s the same body with a different suit . The AUC multiply The AUC self-defense has multiplied in the rest of the country . Guerrero and Tamaulipas have created their bodies and the leaders of the movement have received calls from around the country, Oaxaca Sinaloa , asking advice.

    To all of them , Dr. Mireles , always advised the same thing what is needed to create a body of self-defense ? Courage . Nothing but courage. ” To finish and complete the picture General Oscar Naranjo, right hand of Colombian Alvaro Uribe for many years in its fight against FARC and star signing of Peña Nieto’s safety to curb cartels , left last week his charge and returned to Colombia.

    Before leaving he split the paramilitary strategy and recalls the emergence of bloodthirsty AUC of Colombia , which caused 80 % of deaths that now leads the Colombian conflict. The Minister of Interior , Miguel Angel Osorio Chong ruled that Peña Nieto ‘s visit yesterday to Michoacan is the first step to remove in one stroke the corrupt local authorities that so far have worked in collusion with organized crime.

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