Posts by Jaime Ortega aka Arizona.:

    Putin expresses sadness for the aerial tragedy

    July 21st, 2014



    By Jaime Ortega.

    Russian President Vladimir Putin promised that Moscow will do everything in their power to end the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine by peaceful mean settlements.

    “Russia, for its part, will do everything it can to end the conflict in Ukraine from its current military phase to a phase of discussion at a negotiating table with peaceful and diplomatic means,” said chief Kremlin.

    In a video posted on their website as a result of the demolition by a missile Malaysian Boeing 777 with nearly 300 passengers aboard in eastern Ukraine, Putin explained Russia’s position towards the conflict in the neighboring country.

    “On more than one occasion I have called on the warring parties to immediately end the bloodshed and sit at the negotiating table”, said the head of state.

    He said “You can say that if June 28 had not been resumed military operations in eastern Ukraine, this tragedy (the loss of passenger aircraft) had not occurred.”

    “At the same time, one should not have the right to use this tragedy to achieve selfish political objectives,” Putin stressed.

    The Russian president said that this type of event is “horrific and tragic”, “should not disunite the people, but unite.”

    “It is necessary that all persons who are responsible for the situation in the region must raise their responsibility to their own people and to the countries whose citizens died in the disaster,” he said.

    Putin stressed the need to create conditional security for international experts in the field to investigate the loss of the aircraft.

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    Israel versus Palestine? Who do you support?

    July 21st, 2014



    TDJ Community Question.



    Once again, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict erupts after innumerable peace broken proposals sponsored and signed by different western nations. (Waste of time, in my opinion) –Religious based problems are politically absurd!

    The IDF use of excessive force has set Israel’s reputation down the drains and under scrutiny on the eyes of some western countries; but after a blow up attack organized by Hamas with rockets, Israel’s retaliation is somehow justified. 

    Hamas with the help of Hezbollah, has activated the continuous crossfire lines on the western side on Gaza’s strip. Hamas hides from innocent Palestinians trying to get media attention to support their cause while Israel kills innocent civilians. 

    A few facts:

    –Zionist (Hill Top settlers) constructing illegal settlements in Gaza, who follow the dangerous teachings of Rabbi Kahane. 

    –Palestinians radicals constantly provoke Israel on its perimeters by throwing rocks and using other dangerous weapons.

    –Zionist taking personal revenge on innocents Palestinians, after an Israeli has being attacked by the other side. 

    –Hamas disgusting propaganda targeted to youths, regularly broadcast on Palestinian TV, promoting suicide bombings and hate.

    –Israel’s control of water supplies, energy and food products to upset Palestine. In times of war Israel cuts supplies and basic needs to thousands of innocent Palestinians. 

    –Palestinians democratically allowing Hamas (Terrorist organization) to be on parliament and indulge in revenge the fundamentalist way by using Suicide bombings…etc.

    –Palestinians treated as second class citizens in Israel. 

    –Palestinians not officially recognizing Israel as a state, but rather as an occupying force. 

    –Israeli forces destroying and bulldozing houses of innocent civilians to prove a point. 

    –Hamas hiding their terrorist members inside houses of Palestinian civilians. 

    The questions is?


    1) Are you pro-Israel, neutral or Pro-Palestine? And why?

    2) What should Israel’s response be when attacked by missiles?

    3) Do you condone Israel’s brutal ground response inside Gaza?

    Does Israel need a more humane strategy when entering Palestine in times of conflict?

    4) Is Hamas a coward organization that doesn’t represent the Palestinian cause, but rather uses it to promote Islamic fundamentalism? Does Hamas represent the Palestinian cause considering the majority voted for them?

    5) In short words: What is the best solution, if any, to solve the never ending conflict on the Holly lands? Or is a waste of time?



    Shabnam Sultana Nina.

    She has the experience of providing training to the different professionals from NGOs, government sectors and  hospitals in Bangladesh)

    “The conflict between Israel and Hamas culminates in a blood shaded tragedy of Palestine Civilization. Unfortunately Israel and Hamas are at war in the Gaza Strip again. Israel is answering back to Hamas murdering many armless civilians and innocent children at Gaza strip.

    When humanity is at stake there is no way and no question to ignore it at all. Arguments are not that much important next to life.

    Israel is bombing the refugee camps; schools … crowded places of Gaza street. The 21st century civilization is stunningly shocked seeing the children crying with their broken legs , wounded faces , lost body parts… broken homes , broken hearts.

    The world knows , Gaza City is one of the most compactly populated places in the world belonging a population of about 1.6 million. The government of Israel knows that any attack from air or land could cause a huge damage of human lives. The density of population is unnaturally woven here. Without hitting the civilians no operation cannot be executed, Israel knows that. And they deliberately hit the civilians that is threatening to the whole world.

    Keeping it in mind that the way of terrorist acts are out of any recommendation, it might be clarified that Hamas is an elected party adored by the Palestine people.

    There might arouse a question: Why Hamas is firing Rocket to Israel. Is that only to complicate the relationship between two nations continuing generation-long antagonism or anything else that Hamas wants do for it’s civilians? In one sense, Hamas is reluctant to be pacified with the Palestinian agreements with Israel in the past. The other part of the coin is indicating that Hamas would like to remove the blockades sustained by Israel at Gaza, which creates many crises to the Gazan People.

    History unfolds that since 2007, the obstruction maintained by Israel severely restricts all border crossings and naval pathways into the Strip. In addition, it trammels access to food, water, electricity, gas, construction materials, and other needed things. This might be a political technique by Israel, but hampers humankind. At the same time the economy of Gaza is falling apart for these restrictions.

    This is an indispensable reason for Hamas to act enemy against Israel. If we look back at Hamas’s terrorist’s activities it’s obvious that they create disasters to Israel; might be a paradoxical amalgamation of politics and Islamic fundamentalism.

    In this connection, I must say the terrorists do not belong to any religion. Islam does not support terrorist acts. In addition, I believe, surely no other religion supports so.

    Humanity is above everything. Human Lives are precious than anything.

    We cannot condone them who forced many Jews to death in gas chamber during 2nd world war, who killed many people during Vietnam war in 1950s, who dropped atom bombs to Hiroshima and Nagasaki during 2nd world war; still the nation is carrying the cursed impact of radiation generation to generation.

    We cannot condone them who killed savagely the innocent Chinese people during 1937 at Nanjing. We cannot pardon them who killed unanimous huge number of people and raped women and children during the Liberation War of 1971 in Bangladesh.

    So, we cannot overlook the frenzied attack by Israel to the unarmed Gazan civilians, especially when the children are meeting most dreadful and unwanted present and future.

    It’s a blood ridden game. Israel excels in power game definitely. Definitely they are much stronger than Hamas. To secure safety for her people Israel should seek help from world leaders and UN; that might mitigate the generation-long antagonism.

    The inhuman attack to the unarmed civilian by Israel cannot be ignored.

    Though it is very unfortunate that Hamas is turbulent to hurt Israel, murdering innocent children and noncombatant civilian cannot be a logical strategy from Israel. They must find some other humane strategies.

    Let UN do something! How to bring back peace between these two nations that should be taken care by UN leaders.”



    Angela Liu. 

    ( Managing Technical Recruiter, Events Consultant and former Title I School teacher with Master’s in Educational Leadership at University of Maryland)

    The question of whether I’m pro-Israel or Pro-Palestine is a hard one to answer.  Inherently dangerous in that question is its positioning of stance as one that is for or against a people-based entity.  A “right” answer in this context can never be black and right.   What I can say is that I deviate from the United States government’s pro-Israeli stance—one that has effected our government, alongside the rest of UN, in failing to support non-Israeli, Arab state resolution efforts; overlooking recurring Israeli government violations for over half a century while committing over half of total foreign military financing to Israel; fueling a consistent Middle Eastern Arab perspective of Israel as the biggest threat with the United States as a second runner-up; and fueling sentiments of distrust, anger, and Intifada-propensities that manifests in humanist-based revolts against perceived imperialist dominance.

    Let’s start with the Palestinian Israeli conflict as it stands today with Israeli’s ‘ground incursion’ into Gaza.  Israel statedthat the objective here is to destroy terror tunnels.  Yes, this perhaps disrupts the conduit through which weapons/military material such as longer range rockets from Iran reaches Hamas. But the strategic advantage here is the opportunity of damaging the overall Hamas infrastructure and the basic medicine, construction supplies to Gaza civilians struggling under a 40%+ unemployment rate and shortage of aforementioned needs.  In keeping with these facts, the Hamas’ trumpeting objections to recent propositions have essentially been objections to the status quo—that is, border crossing restrictions that have sharply limited basic, sustenance-level goods and aid.  (Oh, and the allegations that the Hamas weren’t even consulted parties on the cease-fire proposal.)  In the 8-day Israeli operation led out in Gaza in 2012, Israel’s Interior Minister stated “the goal of the operation is to send Gaza back to the Middle Ages.”

    Alright, so basic goods aside, still, the danger of weapon smuggling and, even, abductions.  The Israeli-trumpeted stance has rang tunes of ‘limited’ and ‘short term’ in its vision of this incursion to destroy these tunnels.  Yet, a day into the incursion, there were already talks of possible extensions.  For what?  Dry statistics over the last several weeks show a 200+ to 2 ratio of Israeli to Palestinian casualties with the majority being civilians (and, mind you, this ratio has been jarringly reminiscent of ratios in similar conflicts in the past few decades); a clear military superiority in deflecting most of Gaza’s missile launches with the Iron Dome. Israeli’s Gaza-based opposition has a military capability that’s comparably laughable; it’s emasculating on Israel’s part to say that Gaza is an actual threat.  A need to invade as a tête-à-tête measure, doesn’t tactically add up.

    UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon was quoted as regretting the Israeli offensive and, alongside French foreign minister Laurent Fabius, urging the state to restrain themselves in civilian-casualty-related moves.   Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan denounced the ground incursion as an act of terrorism and genocide on the part of Israel—echoing his categorization, years ago, of Israel as a terrorist state for its treatment of Palestinians.  (The Turkish state has often been a desirable model of emulation, amongst a number of Arab countries.  Turkey has shared a [albeit wavering] partnership with the US and NATO allies while, at times, questioning their motives.)

    Even if Israel’s allegations of the Hamas using civilians as human shields stands, Israel has struck over 1500 Gaza targets within a densely populated (and impoverished) strip of land. And, maybe, Israeli military gave phone/flier warnings to civilians near/within Israeli military targets minutes (yes, minutes— what expansive, epochal units of time) before their own strikes or those mini mortar bombings before the actual bombs (in Jon Stewart’s words, “amuse bombs”) but, then, they’ve had incidences of striking prior to warned times and targeting civilians on the basis of being related to accused family members via ‘lawfully sanctioned” punitive home demolitions.

    Perhaps, the Hamas has rightful allusions to terrorist identifications but what about Israel? The United States government has quite loosely defined terrorism as activities/acts ‘dangerous to human life or potentially destructive to critical infrastructure or key resources.’  I’m not clear on how it negotiates this meaning when dealing with the endangerment and destruction of life and core infrastructure wrought from both sides—leading me, with my limited resources, to surmise (alongside the majority of Arabs polled) that the final negotiated designations are products of ‘special interests.’

    To my discredit, I’ve sifted through only enough information on the Hamas group to document redundant encounters of polarized sentiments ranging from the Hamas’ militant, self-destructive obstinacy, violence and suicide bombings, to their reputations for social service delivery and building bases of support lending to political party involvement (Hamas won majority of seats in the 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council elections; from 2008 to 2010, member of Council on Foreign Relations/Board of Directors of Human Rights Shibley Telhami’s pollings showed that more Arabs in every country threw their support to the Hamas versus the US-backed Palestinian Authority).   The Human Rights Watch has documented war criminal activity on all involved parties.   The ends doesn’t justify the means; nor does the beginning justifies the move towards those means.  At the same time, the beginnings are important for us to gain kernels of perspective.

    So, let’s heat up the kernel, sit back, and watch: From 1947 to 1948, the UN designates over 55% of the region to an Israeli population at most half in volume to the Arab’s—on the pretext that Jews (for the most part, displaced thousands of years ago) would emigrate.  No kidding, Palestinians didn’t embrace this designation.  A year later, state of Israel has “bloomed” from 55% to 77% of the territory.  And, you have the broad-scale expulsion and ‘ethnic cleansing of Palestine’ (authored and termed by Ilian Pappe) replete with city/village-wide depopulations, mass slaughter, land/home demolishment, enclosures by separation walls, curfews/checkpoints, imprisonment and torture without cause (and, even in present day, within the past month, detaining about 700 Palestinians for undefined, renewable periods of up to half a year without due process, charge or trial).

    It’s the invisible Holocaust repeated—even, referenced by Israeli Deputy Defense Minister Matan Vilnai in the 2008 conflict when he warned that the Qassam rocket fire “will bring upon themselves a bigger shoah.”  (Shoah, in Hebrew, means Holocaust.  Google it; Wikipedia it to find that H word horrifically and unquestionably emblazoned in the search results.)  Again, cue US definition of terrorism—as acts ‘intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population… to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction…”  The human rights and economic injustices persists through the decades; between 1955 to 2013 there were 77 UN targeted resolutions on Israel—indicative of 77 formally/globally recognized violations—as opposed to one targeted resolution on Palestine: touching upon attacks, raids, and bombings on Lebanon, Syria, Karameh (Jordan), Tunisian; violating Lebanon’s sovereignty; continuing the proliferation of  settlements/’outposts’ in occupied territories; failing to abide by Forth Geneva Convention terms, etc.

    “It’s not you; it’s me.” Besides the aforementioned establishment of itself as an oppressive regime, Israel has numerous documented incidences of sabotaging opportunities for resolution.  So, call the Hamas self-destructively stubborn or what you will, but here outlines some of the ‘windows’ of glimmering (if not wholly bright) outlooks for de-escalatory dialogue and Israel’s response: Israel mowed over Camp David negotiation terms by carrying on with Palestinian land confiscation and settlement-building.  Israel rejected PLO’s 1988 renunciation of terrorism and efforts to dialogue until it saw militant groups as a greater threat to its secular counterpart.  In the 2006 conflict with Lebanon, Israel opted for an airstrike escalation over an Arab League summit led by Egypt.  In 2002, and, again, in 2007, it rejected the Arab Peace Plan (endorsed by all Arab states save for Libya) calling for “an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict, including recognition of Israel, peace agreements and normal relations with all the Arab states, in exchange for a full Israeli withdrawal from all the territories occupied since 1967.” (Middle East Research and Information Project committee’s “Primer on Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict”)

    Foreign Policy journalist Mark Perry (in “You Can’t Kill Hamas, You Can Only Make It Stronger”) captures the tense climes of a world of states increasingly troubled by the disparity in their principles and reconciliatory shortfalls: During a Tel Aviv conference earlier this month, Philip Gordon, White House Coordinator for the Middle East, called Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu out on Israel’s dehumanization of Palestinians in its ongoing occupation: “How will Israel remain democratic and Jewish if it attempts to govern the millions of Palestinian Arabs who live in the West Bank?” Gordon asked. “How will it have peace if it’s unwilling to delineate a border, end the occupation, and allow for Palestinian sovereignty, security, and dignity?”

    Dial back to February, at the Munich Security Conference set ostensibly for talks on the Ukraine crisis, where John Kerry got an earful from the European Union representatives on Israel’s non-commitment to the peace process—with warnings that the EU “was willing to support efforts to delegitimize and boycott it.”   Kerry relayed to Netanyahu that Europe was fed up and done listening to the US on the matter.  The response? A very condescending finger-wagging from the Israeli secretary of state; subsequent allegations of Kerry as a proxy for “anti-Semitic forces,” and a frustrating question on why Israel would turn on “a country that’s one of [its] last friends in the world.” Anti-Semitic? The radicalizing rhetoric brings to mind such on the Hamas as part/parcel, in nature of being, with the ISIS movement or other ‘radical’ groups.   (This should really make you think twice about taking these rubber-stampings at face-value.)

    So, maybe, “It’s not just you me; it’s also me.”  So, yes, about six decades into the oppression, during the second intifada, you behold the genesis of suicide bombings from these dubbed ‘militant,’ ‘extremist’ groups.  So, yes, there are, in fact, long standing acts of violence against the sanctity of human life, from people within Hamas or various other groups just as there has been from Israel.   But we need to understand these wrongs—while remaining wrongs—in the fuller historical context.  Decades of cyclic and, ultimately, failed peace processes and a sense of hopelessness, distrust, and humiliation have played into peaceable to violent uprisings and quells against the former.

    In “The World through Arab Eyes,” Shibley Telhami aggregates a decade’s worth of polling data.  He finds that “every major regional political movement since 1948 has made Palestine and Jerusalem a central theme of its origin and narrative” and that the issue “remains a ‘prism of pain’ through which most Arabs and many Muslims [anywhere from 70% to 86%, to be precise] see the post 9-11 world.  In a 2006 poll amongst Arab countries,  the Shiite Hezbollah leader, Hassan Nasrallah, won voted acclaim as the most admired world leader (even amongst Sunni-majority countries) because of his unapologetically vocal stance against Israel.  In 2009, his ranking was usurped by Turkish minister Erdogan: Erdogan embodied a similarly decisive stance but perhaps, more vividly so, in his storming out of a World Economic Forum debate after denouncing Israel’s offensive against Palestine.  Arab countries see Israel as a derivative of American power, an engine of oppression, a subject of their ‘prism of pain.’

    Telhami’s polling data in 2011 also shows that, while over two-thirds of Arabs in six Arab countries, and a lesser but still prominent 43% of Israeli Jews, supported the two-state solution, the majority believed the two-state solution would never be successfully realized.   It’s been a solution talked to death.  Seemingly simple answer: A two-state solution with separated political franchises but shared, open economic zones and borders.

    The death is always in the details—from the question of how to draw up the two-state borders, to the Israeli skittishness against the right of Palestinians to return (but, we know, dependent upon where they’ve ended up in refuge affects their choice to return and, then, there’s the option of financial restitution), to the status of Jerusalem (‘easy’ answer: some unique status as a site/capital for both).   And, we need outside nations to step up their hand in mediation; the U.S., sometimes as a price of backing Israel, has done quite a bit of pussyfooting here.  If I got a penny for every person naming the two-state model as a solution….well, you know.

    Decades of variegated pundits, leaders, leagues of states, coalitions, regional and global movements— in acts of brilliance or flawed strokes—couldn’t bring us any closer.  There’s a heavy history here that coalesces into stories and processes of the political and the personal, the religious and the material from different points of identities.  There hangs heavy, as a breath, that status quo that is both intolerable yet seemingly indomitable.

    In the Greek myth of Sisyphus, the gods condemn a king to ceaselessly roll a boulder up a mountain.  He is the ‘absurd hero’ in mental and physical recursion of his burden although some look at the struggle as something meaningful in and of itself, with this very perception as a means of reclaiming one’s own fate.   My hope is that, like Sisyphus, we know the night in the reverse of victory and understand the ‘heights’ in the toil.



    Peter D. Rosenstein.

    (He is a non-profit executive, journalist and Democratic and community activist. His background includes teaching; serving as Coordinator of Local Government for the City of New York; working in the Carter Administration; and Vice-chair of the Board of Trustees of the University of the District of Columbia)

    “1)     Are you pro-Israel, neutral or Pro-Palestine? And why?

    The simplistic answer to this would be to pick one side or the other. That isn’t the answer that makes sense. I support the State of Israel and I would also like to see a Palestinian State. Israel has a right to exist and not face continued rocket bombardment by the Hamas in Gaza. Because Israel has such overwhelming military strength they must also be careful on how it’s used to retaliate. But they have a right to retaliate.

    The picture also becomes less clear when it appears that the Palestinian government can’t control those who are sending the rockets into Israel. I believe that Hamas- and they might have no control over their militants, missed an opportunity to accept a cease fire which Israel accepted. It is the people of Gaza who then suffer the most.

    2)     What should Israel’s response be when attacked by missiles?

    Israel has every right to retaliate when attacked by missiles. No nation would accept that kind of an attack and not respond. The concept of turn-the-other-cheek is not acceptable when rockets are launched against your people. Again there is a responsibility that Israel has as a civilized nation to try to keep civilian casualties on its enemies side to a minimum. But it is clear the Hamas are hiding in the general population so that they must take a major responsibility for the civilian casualties on their side if they are in essence using them as human shields.

    3)     Do you condone Israel’s brutal ground response inside Gaza?

    This is a question that someone has to ask the world as well. Do we condone Hamas sending rockets into Israel and trying to kill people sitting at café’s in Tel Aviv. The fact that there is shield- or so called Iron Dome – which has shot down some of those rockets over Israel doesn’t absolve Hamas from the responsibility of aiming to kill civilians in Israel.

    At some point Israel has a right to defend its people and to go after the perpetrators in Gaza who are hiding among innocent people. That is not Israel’s fault that they do that. But as I have said I believe Israel has the responsibility to be as surgical as they can be in going after the Hamas militants but that won’t guarantee that innocent women and children may die. It is tragic and should be stopped but Hamas could stop it tomorrow if they wanted too.

    Does Israel need a more humane strategy when entering Palestine in times of conflict?

    Israel needs the most humane stragtegy they can find while still protecting their own population. It would be good to ask Hamas if lobbing rockets into civilian areas of Israel is the most human strategy they have for moving their people forward.

    4)     Is Hamas a coward organization that doesn’t represent the Palestinian cause, but rather uses it to promote Islamic fundamentalism? Does Hamas represent the Palestinian cause considering the majority voted for them?

    That is an interesting question. Clearly they represent those that voted for them. But the reality is what one of the women in Gaza said who lost a child said when speaking of Israel – she blamed Israel for the death of her child but said Hamas was responsible for the deaths of even more of her family.

    It is clear that Hamas is a terrorist organization, or at least some of the militants that claim they do what they do in the name of Hamas. Hamas leaders could denounce them but they don’t. If Hamas represents the Palestinian cause I feel sorry for the Palestinians because thus far it appears they have only made life worse for them or at least have not made it better.

    6)     In short words: What is the best solution, if any to solve the never ending conflict on the Holly lands? Or is a waste of time?

    It is never a waste of time to try to make life better for people and the Palestinian people have suffered much over many years. I think that we need to continue to work toward the two state solution and to work toward seeing that Israel and Palestine can then live in peace. Once there is a Palestinian nation I believe the world needs to come to their aid to build a vibrant economy and education system for the future. The world must continue to work on this so that young people can find some hope for the future.”



    Fadi F. Elhusseini.

    (He is a Political and Media Counselor in Turkey and served as a Diplomat at the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.He is an Associate Research Fellow (ESRC) at the Institute for Middle East Studies- Canada. He was the Executive Director of the Palestinian Council on Foreign Relations)

    “A new Israeli military operation in the Gaza Strip, not the first and won’t be the last if the political equation in that region does not change. Throughout the previous aggression’s Israel launched on the Gaza strip, several military goals were declared. This time, “Protective Edge” operation comes in a different context, with new domestic, regional and international circumstances. These conditions, by and large, are more prosaic and complex that have been key elements in determining Israel’s goals from this operation, as part of a larger strategy that goes beyond the war itself.A clear change in the map of World Politics underlined a rising Russian role. With Russia’s fundamental stance in the Syrian crisis and the evident US and EU bewilderment toward the issue of Ukraine and Crimea, the political weight of Russia can be barely overlooked anymore and the fading US influence has become a fact.China has revised its position and role in the Middle East and opted to stay away from the limelight, maintaining at the same time its interests but with lower voice.

    This was seen the best way to stop its depleted popularity in the region in the aftermath of its obvious position supporting the Syrian regime.  Regionally, this war comes when the events of the Arab Spring continue to surprise all observers. The fall of the Muslim Brotherhood, coercively in Egypt and voluntarily in Tunisia, the escalated crisis in Syria, the unprecedented chaos in Iraq, Yemen and Libya are a case in point. On the other hand, Iran managed to defuse some of the international pressure and has been successful in reviving and preserving the diplomatic track of its nuclear file.In Israel, a volatile coalition has been facing mounting domestic criticism. Several domestic travails and economic difficulties made many Israeli intellectuals and politicians to call repeatedly for dissolving the current government. In Palestine, the aggression on the Gaza Strip comes shortly after the long awaited national reconciliation between Hamas and Fatah, a new deadlock in the Palestinian-Israeli negotiations (Israel has been widely blamed for this stalemate), and a wave of violence in the West Bank, started with the incident of killing three Israeli settlers and followed by the murder of a Palestinian teen in cold blood.

    Israel had constantly asked the Palestinian authority to choose between reconciliation with Hamas and peace with Israel. For this reason, Israel could not hide its irksome from the Palestinian reconciliation and the unity government, threatening the moderate Palestinian authority of serious circumstances. With Israel’s exaggerated stance against the Palestinian authority, its closest allies called upon Israel to put the Palestinian new government to the test and to give it a chance.In light of the noticeable decay in Israel’s popularity, living day after day in an international solitude, its frustration folded with the international position, especially the American, who welcomed the Palestinian unity government. Hence, it would not be bizarre to see Israel’s leaders accusing the Palestinian authority of isolating Israel internationally.In this vein, one should concede that the Palestinian leadership has succeeded recently in building bridges of trust with both the people and the governments around the world.

    The international community has become closer to the Palestinian narrative on peace from that one of Israel and international campaigns to boycott Israeli institutions and products expanded to include civil societies, universities and official positions.Considering the above, a decision by the Israeli government to seek a way out of its domestic crisis and international dilemma becomes unimpeachable. Intriguingly, any internal cohesion (home front) depends mainly on a sense of fear from an external threat and, hence, making up an external crisis is not a novel strategy by decision makers; but what would be the destination in this chaotic region and critical time?

    Iran; although there is a wide anti-Iran sentiments in Israel and a considerable popular support for a military strike on Iran, polls showed Israeli’s lukewarm to the Sisyphean task of attacking Iran unilaterally. What about the Northern Front?

    Hezbollah; in spite of the sizable insomnia caused by Hezbollah to Israel’s leaders, they are fully aware of the strategic, logistic and military capabilities Hezbollah enjoys. More so, Israeli leaders are also aware the Hezbollah’s venture in Syria and the losses they received there have not exhausted Hezbollah enough to evade any surprises; But, what about the Southern Front?

    Palestine; Whether the story claiming that Israel ‘fabricated’ the killing of the three settlers (according to this story, the three settlers died in a car accident in Israel and the government hided their death in order to use it later to corner the Palestinian Authority and Hamas) is accurate or not, Israel was interested in picking a fight with the Palestinians.

    Since the Palestinian side is the weakest link, the Israeli decision maker is circumspect that any escalation and bloodletting would neither bring huge damage and losses nor wide attention, considering the bloody regional conditions and international chaos.Israel has blamed Hamas for concocting the killing the Israeli settlers (Hamas did not claim responsibility, when it usually does). However, Israeli settlers did not give the Israeli government the time to benefit from this incident when a number of settlers burned a Palestinian teen alive.Hence, Israel decided to transfer the battle to the Gaza Strip, aiming at involving Hamas (at the helm of resistance in Gaza) officially in a confrontation that does not intend, of course, to end Hamas. One may notice the sequence of Israeli attacks on the Gaza Strip; targeting unpopulated open areas at first and gradually developed to strike almost every spot in the Gaza Strip. The required confrontation- which goals were not outright said- aims to drag Hamas and the other groups to react and fire more rockets at Israeli towns.

    Fully aware of the limited losses from the Palestinian rockets, the Israeli government succeeded, despite some criticism, to huddled together its people against the threat coming from the Gaza Strip and to distract the attention away from any domestic problems or diplomatic or international crises.Gains have not stopped at the domestic level. With every rocket fired from Gaza, the Israeli government gets closer to other goals.

    The US, French and other international positions were just a case in point. Tellingly, whereas most of the actors in the international community started to accept the Palestinian position and reprimand the adamant stands of Israel- who became a quasi-loner state, the rockets fired from Gaza brought them back to the Israeli barn, announcing that Israel has the right to defend itself, regardless of the excessive use of force and the horrifying death toll among the Palestinians.Not limited to these gains, “Protective Edge” operation gave the Palestinian new unity government that bothered Israel, a heavy blow. Any plans of this new government to implement the reconciliation and to prepare for national elections have gone unheeded as the priorities have changed by the provisions of a fait accompli. Also, Israel bet- as it has always done- on the contradictory positions among the Palestinians on how to deal with such aggression, which would increase the chances for setback in the reconciliation.

    The only military goal Protective edge would achieve is debilitating and draining the capabilities of the Palestinian resistance groups in light of the limited stock of weapons and the continuity of the siege and closed tunnels between Gaza and Egypt.Thus, Israel would accept/ accepted the cease-fire, without any further conditions. Unexpectedly, Hamas refused the Egyptian cease-fire initiative, taking the Israeli government to unplanned scenarios- a ground operation.

    The longer the operation lasts and the more losses Israel receives, the more likely that Israel would seek new terms and amendments on the 2012 truce so that it can be adduced in Israeli street.As per Hamas and the Palestinian resistance, they will not accept languishing in the besieged Gaza strip anymore and thus will not consent to the terms of the 2012 truce. Finding a port to the outside world has become sine qua non- either through the Rafah border, or a sea port or even an airport. It is obvious that neither Hamas nor the disgruntled and weary people in Gaza would accept to return to the by gone detestable era.”



    Ranjit Gupta.

    (He is a retired Indian Foreign Service officer. He was a member of the Prime Minister’s National Security Advisory Board for the term 2009-2010. He is currently a Distinguished Fellow of the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies and a Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Chinese Studies)

    “The creation of Israel was a Western imperial-colonial venture to expatiate their own guilt but its creation is a historical reality which cannot be obliterated – history is not about fairness but about the exercise of power in one’s own interest.

    The less powerful have to learn to live with realities until these change over time which has also happened throughout history.

    The Israeli – Palestinian standoff is the world’s most enduring and intractable geopolitical conflict. Even in the most unlikely event of a conclusion being arrived at on the merits of the case in a theoretical debate, that does not help, because the consequences flowing therefrom cannot be translated into reality on the ground, which is created by hardliners in Israel and extremists amongst the Palestinians.

    Statesmanship and vision is totally lacking on both sides. Continuing Arab disunity and lack of even substantive interest in, let alone meaningful support for, the Palestinian cause on the one hand and the US Administration’s steadily diminishing influence on Israel on the other have dramatically reduced any possibility of arriving at a solution any time soon.

    Very sadly and most regrettably misery and bloodletting is going to continue for the foreseeable future. The only way a solution can be arrived at is by an agreement between the five Permanent Members of the Security Council on a fairly detailed blueprint which is imposed on the ground by fiat.

    However, arriving at an agreement between the P -5 is almost impossible to envision in current circumstances; it may happen when the situation becomes so utterly horrendous that there will be no option left.

    Until then, even harbouring a hope for a solution is delusional. Extremely sad, but this is the grim reality!”


    Barry Shaw. 

    (Special Consultant on Delegitimization Issues, The Strategic Dialogue Center, Netanya Academic College, Israel)

    “I am 100% pro-Israeli and a proud Zionist.

    Israel is the expression of the self-determination of the Jewish people after thousands of years of rejection and persecution. It is expressed through Zionism, the movement for the return of Jews to their homeland.

    As it clearly states in the League of Nations resolution of 1922 and the Mandate for Palestine, it is the re-establish of the National Home of the Jewish People.  Notice the word “re-establishment.”

    This was further enshrined into the UN Charter.

    The attacks on Israel by Hamas showed the real intent of the Palestinian movement, which is to damage and destroy Israel. It has nothing to do with Jewish settlements in Judea & Samaria. Not one settlement was targeted by Hamas in this conflict. It is the presence of the Jewish State of Israel that is offensive to them,

    This war was inflicted on us, but also on the people of Gaza, by Hamas and its partner Islamic Jihad. Both are officially designated as terrorist organizations by the international community. So what Israel is facing is a war on terror, radical Islamic terror that is determined to eradicate Israel. For them, the presence of a Jewish state is an abomination.  That is the racist, religious, anti-Semitic root of the conflict.

    As such, Israel expects the international community not only to declare Hamas as an outlawed terrorist organization but that also all elements of Hamas are declared illegal. This must include it’s so-called political wing.

    It must be clear to everyone that peace is impossible between Israel and the Palestinians if Hamas is allowed to retain control of Gaza, and influence on the West Bank, Hamas is the obstacle to any possible peace agreement. For this reason it must be banned.  If this is done, Israel must be allowed to do what is necessary in degrading and destroying the Hamas infrastructure, removing all weapons, arresting and imprisoning its leaders, and allowing the Palestinian Authority to assert its control over the Gaza Strip.

    Their administration should be protected by NATO forces. The Gaza Strip must be a demilitarised zone. Both Israel and Egypt will open their borders with Gaza and help with supplies and the reconstruction.  This must be done with a Palestinian Authority that it will recognize and respect Israel’s right to exist as the Jewish state at the end of a signed and permanent peace agreement.”


    Claude Nougat. 

    (Passionate traveller (80 countries+) 25 years experience in United Nations: project evaluation specialist; FAO Director for Europe/Central Asia)

    “There are no best solutions and everybody bears the blame here, some more than others.

    This could turn into a 100 Years War unless the West (and I include Russia in this definition) intervenes.

    America has a huge responsibility here since it protects Israel (and has allowed it to get nuclear weapons – something it won’t allow Iran; in my view, nobody should be allowed nuclear weapons). But the rest of the developed world is also responsible for letting the situation get out of control.

    Back in April when Hamas and Fatah had at last gotten together and create a (nearly) united Palestine, there was a glimmer of hope since both sides had agreed to recognize Israel and there was no Hamas member in the new Palestinian government. But Israel jumped on the agreement and would not let it stand.

    People in Gaza had hoped their situation would improve but that did not happen.  The Gaza city employees that should have gotten paid, never got paid because America continued to view them as part of a terrorist organization (Hamas) and therefore deemed any payment illegal, even if funnelled through the United Nations.

    With the last hope gone, Hamas resumed its war on Israel and Israel fought back without regard to proportionality (nearly 300 Palestinians killed to 2 Israeli). Another new aspect needs to be factored in here: Hamas feels cornered, it has also lost Egypt as an ally now that the leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood are either pursued or locked up.  Any way out? None, unless the West, as suggested in a recent NYT op-ed, moves in and imposes peace on both parties.”


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    Arik (Oren) Smila.

    (He is the co-founder and executive director at, he is a Masters degree graduate from Tel-Aviv University at the field of Diplomacy studies)

    “As an Israeli, you would expect a pro-Israeli response from me. And yes, my response will be mostly against Hamas, however it is not coming from a place of the Israeli side, but from the Palestinian side.

    We all watch the news and the day to day developments in Israel. We all saw the tens of daily rockets raining Israeli cities, terrorizing Israel’s citizens. We all saw the tragedy of innocent Gaza children losing their lives as casualty of a war they have nothing to do with.

    The Palestinians in Gaza are trapped. Hamas had built a complete social infrastructure that offers the only solution for a decent life in Gaza. Should they refuse to receive this much needed help, they will find themselves in a position that will make their survival very difficult. Hamas uses the funds contributed to Gaza as he pleases.

    Most of it is being directed to the leadership, and some of it is being channeled to building kindergartens, schools,clinics, and other social services. These services do not come without a price, should you be interested in education for your daughter, you’ll have to support Hamas, should you like to work or get health services, you’ll have to support Hamas. There is no apparent reason to oppose to this organization because it seems that the people of Gaza don’t fully understand the repercussions.

    Israel have been wronged Gaza for many years, avoiding to provide for basic human needs created a vacuum that Hamas took advantage of fairly easy. You can always count on leaders to take advantage of their best resources in order to stay in power and Hamas is no different than the others. Israel’s believe as “to not help those who wish us death” backfired and it is dealing with the results ever since Hamas took power.

    Hamas has a bulletproof political system that allows them political freedom regardless to what the Palestinian people of Gaza think. Hamas can drag the violent conflict for months and still will stay in power (that is unless Israel will succeed in assassinating all of the leadership). There are no fair elections, there is no local criticism, there is no strong opposition. Hamas is claiming to fight in the name of the Palestinians but he is causing them more harm then good, in war time and in ceasefire.

    In regards to the Israeli reaction to the missiles, I don’t believe that Israel had a better option. Imagine any other country being fired with missiles and not retaliating as Israel does? London under missiles, Paris under missiles, Washington under missiles? Can any of these cities stay for long under an attack before their governments use their full arsenal at their disposal to defend them?

    Many say that the sides are not equal in power and Israel is much stronger that Hamas. Yes, that is correct. But this is not a basketball game. Israel has the right, according to the Geneva convention, to defend it self and could use all of it’s sources in order to do so.

    Israeli defense forces are using pamphlets and phone messages to warn innocent civilians from an attack approaching, no other army is doing so nor has never done it before. Israel is treating civilians and injured Hamas members in Israeli hospitals. needless to say that Hamas is not doing so. A ground action is needed and it has proven itself within the past two days. 13 underground tunnels were discovered under Gaza and the count continues.

    War is a continuation of diplomacy in different measures. The worst ones. However, it is very easy to criticize and accuse without knowing all the facts. Hamas is placing children next to missile launch sites to avoid counter attack, that is a fact. The more civilians and especially children are heart from Israeli attacks, Israel will suffer from international pressure and seem as the aggressive side. Hamas has no value to Palestinian life in Gaza, they are all pawns in it’s chess gams against Israel.

    In regards to the question if the conflict will see it’s end in our generation. Sadly, I don’t believe so. Israel and Mahmud Abbas can reason over most major issues including the core 4 questions but he is very limited in his jurisdiction as he only control\represent the west bank. Hamas will have to be out of the picture in order to reach a full peace agreement. You make peace with enemies, but not the ones ideologically believe you have no right to exist.”



    Jose Luis Chalhoub Naffah.

    (He is a political scientist with a masters in international oil trading and an independent politics consultant on politics and geopolitical risk based in Venezuela focusing on Russia AMD Middle East issues)

    “1.) Based on my lebanese backgrounds, and the sufferings inflicted by the Israeli state on Lebanon, Palestine and the whole arab world, I must say that I dont agree with the actions taken by the Netanyahu administration, even more so given his ultra nationalist position. In other words, all things linked in Israel to the LIKUD party is antiarab and antipalestinian, but more extremist. Lets remember the Ariel Sharon strongest than ever position against Palestine. So in this conflict one cannot be neutral, on the contrary, there´s a position and stance to be taken. And one other thing is that extremism on both sides is pretty much dangerous, and in times like these, where things seem to spiral out of control, moderation has to come on the table.

    2.) Militarily speaking, disproportionate is the best word that comes to mind. Everybody knows the superiority that the IDF has compared to that of the HAMAS, logistically and militarily speaking. The death toll is always higher in the palestinian population, and that´s the consequence.

    Israel has a massive support from the White House, the Pentagon and all the israelí lobby in the US political establishment, so it has the best advantage in this conflict, even if in any time in history, HEZBOLLAH defeated the IDF in Lebanon. If the most ultraconservative and ultranationalist are in power in the Israeli government such as in this case the likes of Netanyahu and Avigdor Lieberman, even if the international community claims for a cease fire and moderation, the response from Israel always will be overwhelmingly superior than that of the palestinian community, and the HAMAS.

    3.) HAMAS was elected by Palestinian people in general elections, and even if it´s an islamic party, it reached power in democracy, US style. What about if in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, if democracy was seriously promoted by the White House, Islamic parties reach power? Should they be called “terrorist”?

    I definitely don’t agree with the very hypocritical double-edged and double standards foreign policy by the White House for the Persian Gulf and the Middle East. Remember what happened in Algeria in the 80¨s where after the Islamic Front won the elections and then bloodshed ensued. Why? Because nobody wants this, and nobody strictly speaking of the US and the EU. There are extremism and terrorism in both sides of course, but HAMAS authorities were democratically elected so be it.

    4.) If the LIKUD is on power in Israel, i would say its just wasting time, because of the lack of political will of these people to reach a final agreement with Palestinian authorities. Of course, foreign powers and interests in either side will be decisive to reach either a happy ending  or let this thing roll and roll again for the years to come.

    And one more thing added to this explosive cocktail is the energy factor: both Israel and Gaza have natural gas and in Lebanon as well, so we have religion, territorial claims, politics, and now energy, and of course, the always present industrial-military complex adding flames to nurture conflicts just to increase profits, no matter the death tolls, so its very hard to find a solution with such a blurry landscape like this one. And the saddest thing, is the ones that suffer the most are children, no matter from which side of this conflict. I wonder that the UN is doing now? Or the Arab League?


    Catherine Haig.

    C. Bonjukian Patten.

    (I am a Financial Consultant with my own Bookkeeping/Office Management LLC working in the Greater NYC Area for clients in a cross section of industry)

    “Admittedly I do not know a lot about Israel except to say that first England and then the United States carried that country and then committed to it’s existence which blocked Palestine to any land on the Gaza.

    At least that is my understanding. However as much as the Palestinians seem like David to Goliath (Israel) Hamas has damaged any reconciliation with Israel and doesn’t deserve any recognition as a country.

    It is a total waste of time in my opinion because there is no solution unless they (the Semitic brotherhood) walk down that same path and come to an understanding.

    I also think any other countries involvement will just result in disaster for the rest of our planet.”



    Steven Hansen.

    (Publisher and Co-founder of Econintersect, is an international business and industrial consultant specializing in turning around troubled business units; consults to governments to optimize process flows; and provides economic indicator analysis based on unadjusted data and process limitations)

    “1) Are you pro-Israel, neutral or Pro-Palestine? And why?

    I am pro looking at accurate information

    2) What should Israel’s response be when attacked by missiles?

    take out the attackers. this is a two way street – Palestine can also respond in kind.

    3) Do you condone Israel’s brutal ground response inside Gaza?

    it seems to me that Israel has continually escalated this conflict to higher and higher levels. as Israel is the stronger – it seems the responses are meant to punish Palestine much more than they are published.

    Does Israel need a more humane strategy when entering Palestine in times of conflict?

    At this point – there is a lot of history which are ingrained in the minds of all in the region. You simply cannot view any incident in isolation. If one uses their army (regular soldiers) against irregulars – there will be always be human rights violations (combatants and non-combatants wear the same clothes).

    4) Is Hamas a coward organization that doesn’t represent the Palestinian cause, but rather uses it to promote Islamic fundamentalism? Does Hamas represent the Palestinian cause considering the majority voted for them?

    It seems to me your question itself shows bias – and I am not sure whether this entire series of questions is not engineered to elicit an anti-Palestinian bias. I think both Israel and Palestine encompass terrorist organizations. Anyone who has visited Israel knows you cannot have two major religions significant holy sites within a stones throw of each other – and not have a fundamentalist response from both sides.

    5) In short words: What is the best solution, if any to solve the never ending conflict on the Holly lands? Or is a waste of time?

    The USA needs to stay out of forming an opinion or helping anyone. USA actions appear to most in the middle east as pro-Israel – making any actions to help “solve” suspect. there is now almost 100 years of conflict – and i see no solutions which all parties can accept. For now, unfortunately, I see no solution other then to let both sides wear themselves out.”



    Barah Mikaïl.

    (He is a senior researcher at FRIDE. Prior to joining the organisation, he was senior researcher on Middle East and North Africa and on Water Issues at the Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques (IRIS))

    “1) Are you pro-Israel, neutral or Pro-Palestine? And why?

    Neutrality is impossible in the case of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The obvious is that we have an occupier on the one hand, and an occupied on the other hand. So my stand is that the 21st century cannot witness anymore situations of occupation. This is why the creation and the recognition of a Palestinian State is more than a requirement: it is a legitimate right for Palestinians that has been recognized by the UN resolutions.

    2) What should Israel’s response be when attacked by missiles?

    Violence brings violence. Nobody discusses the right of Israel to its own security. The question is whether the methods that Israel is using are an efficient answer; clearly, no. Israel rejects any peace talks arguing that it will do so the day Palestinians recognize its right to exist. The fact is that Palestinians are not challenging the existence of Israel, and the few of them that do so have a threatening rhetoric first and foremost.

    As for the rest, we have had several periods of calm over the last decade; Israelis could have taken them as an opportunity to build on positive prospects and agree on what future they could foresee with Palestinians. But obviously, the contradictions of the Israeli political scene are what they are, and it is hard to believe Israelis are really willing to end their occupation of the Palestinian territories. This will only bring more frustration on the Palestinian side, with more radicalization and more violence.

    3) Do you condone Israel’s brutal ground response inside Gaza?

    Israel’s brutal “response” to Palestinians is not justified. If Israeli arguments concerning their anti-terrorist motivation and their willing to dismantle tunnels were right, then why are we witnessing the killing of so many innocent civilians that include children playing on Gaza’s beaches? It makes no sense, and the argument of “collateral damage” just doesn’t fit with the situation that we are witnessing, the way it hardly fit in the past.

    Does Israel need a more humane strategy when entering Palestine in times of conflict?

    Israel needs to take a brave decision and to consider that its duty is to give Palestinians a State. This would be part of the human attitude that is required indeed when it comes to addressing Palestinians.

    4) Is Hamas a coward organization that doesn’t represent the Palestinian cause, but rather uses it to promote Islamic fundamentalism? Does Hamas represent the Palestinian cause considering the majority voted for them?

    Hamas did represent the Palestinian vote when it was elected in 2006. Though many surveys showed that Hamas popularity had decreased meanwhile, it could still pretend to a 40% popularity a month ago. The Israeli violent operations can only contribute to increase the popularity of Hamas and to strengthen the organizations that are even more radical than Hamas.

    As for the rest, Hamas is an opportunist organization, the way every political party or movement can be. But this does not make Hamas more evil than other organizations are or could be. Hamas has a particular ideology, but it is its proclaimed struggle against occupation that brings its votes and popular support. Hamas may manipulate religious arguments for political objectives, but its denunciation of the Israeli occupation coincides with an ongoing reality.

    5) In short words: What is the best solution, if any to solve the never ending conflict on the Holly lands? Or is a waste of time?

    This conflict must be solved, but Israelis and Palestinians will not head for that alone. The United States remains the most influent actor because it can have leverage on Israel, the most powerful protagonist. Joint efforts between the US and the EU would even bring more consequences. If other meaningful actors decided to join such a move in favor of peace, then Israelis and Palestinians would have no other choice than to head towards a resolution of this painful and threatening conflict.

    This time around I have decided to take on your questions in the exact numerical order they are posted.



    Adil F. Raja. 

    (He is an independent Political and Security analyst from Pakistan with a diverse background in Governance, International Relations, Special Ops and International Security/Political Consultancy)

    “1) I am definitely Pro-Palestine, why, because I am a humanitarian who is against the apartheid policies on which Israel was created and is being run. Distinguished scholars and humanitarians like Nelson Mandela and Gandhi stated it clearly in their writings to support this argument.

    2) Israel being attacked by rockets which are neutralized anyways by their Iron Dome Air Defence system should be to change their path and ideology based on apartheid, genocide and rule of might over right. I don’t see that happening by the way.

    3) Israel’s ground assault on Gaza and brutal massacre of innocent children, women and elderly is a disgusting act of terror against an oppressed nation cornered by Israelis themselves having left with no other option but to “blow themselves up”.

    4) Hamas and its actions are a natural reaction of an oppressed nation who are subjugated to the terror tactics of a mighty enemy that is the Zionist regime of Israel. Israel is supported by the global corporate media influenced deeply by the Global Zionist Empire which controls most of the financial power hubs based on capitalism of the western world hence are in a position to dictate policies to the western governments.

    The way AIPAC controls and runs the US congress and influences the US administration is a point in case for any thinking mind, if there are any, and I am sure they are many. In the case of Palestine vs Israel, the global corporate media owned and influenced by the Zionist lackeys have led the wide world to believe, that Israel is not an occupation force but the innocent party having the right to exist, may it be over countless dead bodies of innocent Palestinian children, women and men. Hamas and it’s tactics are mere acts of desperation and resignation to life and its beauty in a situation where they are subjugated to a systematic genocide by Israel in the greatest Land Grab in the history of mankind.

    5) The only solution to the conflict is “Peace as a way forward” starting from the grass root level. This can only be achieved by returning the latest occupied territories to Palestine by the Israelis confiscated through force in last two decades at least. And allowing the establishment of a vibrant economy in the state of Palestine by the Israelis. The Jewish settlers should be withdrawn to Israeli main land and the holy city of Jerusalem must be declared as an International City under an indigenous multinational administration and governed such as the Vatican City is.

    This is the only way forward, but it seems Israelis want to continue on the path of the systematic holocaust by wiping off the Palestinians through controlled genocide as it is happening for past five to six decades. This path will ultimately lead to the annihilation of the grater part of middle east and the destruction of Israel and Palestine both by a growing anxiety among the wide Muslim world against the Israeli apartheid against the Palestinians shamelessly supported by the US administration which is in any case shackled by the whims of the AIPAC and its likes…”



    Raphael Cohen-Almagor.

    (D. Phil., Oxon (1991); Chair and Professor of Politics; Founder and Director of the Middle East Study Group, University of Hull (2008 – ) human rights and peace activist;  Raphael was Visiting Professor at UCLA (1999-2000), Johns Hopkins (2003-2004), and Fellow, the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars (2007-2008))

    “The Israeli society has been living since birth in abnormal conditions. Sixty six years after its establishment, Israel has no internationally recognized borders; some of its neighbors do not accept its very existence; security was and still remains Israel’s toughest challenge. Since its establishment, Israel has had to fight. From 1948 until now, some 23,000 Israelis were killed in wars and terror attacks. This loss is felt in every home in Israel, given the size of the population. On the eve of Israel’s 66th Independence Day, its population was 8,180,000 people.

    Israel’s objectives are to continue its existence, to provide a home for the Jewish people, and to uphold the political prerogatives of nationality. Facing an unequal balance of power, unfavorable geo-strategic conditions, and constant threats of physical annihilation, Israel was forced to develop a strong army that could withstand the siege. Violence is a constant present, perceived as inevitable, and the periods between wars are perceived as latent wars.

    Until now, Israel experienced seven wars: the 1948 Independence War; the 1956 Suez War; the 1967 Six Day War; the 1969-1970 War of Attrition; the 1973 Yom Kippur War; the 1982 Lebanon War, and the 2006 Hezbollah War. In addition, Israel had faced a Palestinian uprising (Intifada) that lasted six years (1987-1993), and since September 2000 it has been under constant terror attacks launched by various Palestinian factions. Terrorism is not a new phenomenon. Israel has been facing terrorism since its inception but the last few years have been particularly harsh. Sometimes, as in July 2006, it reaches the scale of a full-fledge war. At present, the threat of yet another full-fledge war is in the air. At the time of writing (July 18, 2014), it is not clear how this military operation will end.

    In 2005 Israel evacuated Gaza, aiming not to return. Prime Minister Sharon saw Gaza as a test case, leading to a two-state solution, first in Gaza and then expanding to include the West Bank. The Hamas takeover of Gaza in 2006 reshuffled  the cards. Hamas does not recognize Israel and its right to exist. Israel does not appear on its maps. Hamas is firmly committed to the destruction of Israel.

    The relationships between Israel and Gaza may be likened to a zipper. Every once in a while, one of the sides escalates the situation, the zipper is opened, both parties embark on a round of violence, hitting each other hard. The “politics of numbers” is taking its toll, until the number of casualties reaches an intolerable height. Both parties then decide to close the zipper without real agreement. They only agree to cease violence for a while but they do not address the core issues. As a result, after a certain period of time, the zipper is opened again.

    Living under the threat of violence and terror is anything but easy, or normal. You cannot really get used to it. When violence erupts, it takes you by the balls and shakes your entire world. But even in this abnormal living, when tranquility is non-existent, you expect some minimal norms of civility and common decency. When the enemy is breaking these minimal norms, common sense is then losing grounds and radicals have more leeway to dictate realty.

    The abduction and killing of the three Israeli school boys, Eyal Yifrah, Naftali Frenkel and Gilad Shaar, has shaken Israeli society. Once again, the brute reality has hit hard in the face: Israelis are facing a bitter enemy, full of hatred, who celebrates death, who knows no boundaries, who wishes to destroy you wherever you are, no matter how innocent and young you may be. There cannot be any reconciliation, not to mention peace, with such an enemy who does not recognize your very existence, who abhors norms of civility, who seeks your destruction even if this demands tremendous sacrifice and loss of human lives from its side. In such periods, when hope is lost, sentiments take over and blur the mind. Calls for revenge, for exacting a price from the enemy, rule supreme.

    Israeli politicians had to respond to this senseless killing. Prime Minister Netanyahu is not a trigger-happy leader. He is a risk-averse leader. Until the abduction and killing of the three youth, he has shown caution in the employment of violence. Netanyahu authorized a measured response. Israel targeted Hamas terrorists as the organization is deemed responsible for the abduction of the three slained school boys. Dozens of air strikes were launched against Hamas targets. Hamas retaliated with rocket fire on Israeli towns. While Israel targets terrorists, Hamas targets everyone, any Israelis wherever they are. On July 7, 2014, nearly 300 rockets and mortars were fired at Israel towns and cities, including a barrage of about 80 projectiles. On July 8, 2014, Israel responded with a military operation against Gaza. The offensive, dubbed “Operation Protective Edge,” is aimed at striking Hamas and ending the rocket fire.

    My family and I had lived under rocket terror in 2006. We know how it feels. The siren goes off. You have a couple of minutes to seek shelter, wherever you are. The siren might go off a number of times in a single day. Living becomes disturbed, under constant stress. People fear for their lives. It is very unpleasant. It is awful. No one, but no one, no matter one’s nationality and/or religion, should live in such abnormal reality.

    We are worried about our family and friends in Israel. We speak to them on a daily basis. They are concerned about their well-being, and especially about the well-being of their children. At the same time, the Israeli public is tired of the constant Hamas violence and wishes the government to provide a solution. People are willing to endure if an action can be taken to make Hamas desert violence.

    The word “peace” is not mentioned. People realize that peace is a far-fetched dream when dealing with radical Hamas. The words mentioned are “we need to be tough”, “we need to teach them a lesson they won’t forget”, “we need to be resilient and eradicate the rockets”. Unsurprisingly, similar words are uttered by the enemy despite its great loss. Presently the death toll in Gaza is said to be 264 Palestinians, the majority are innocent civilians. Hamas has posted testimonials of citizens that “Israel does not frighten us” and “Israel withstands Hamas rockets”. As always, Hamas is willing to suffer heavy losses. But for what?

    On July 15, 2014, the Israeli Cabinet accepted Egypt’s proposal for a cessation of hostilities with the Gaza Strip. While Israel accepted the Egyptian proposal, Hamas did not. Hamas continued to launch rockets on Israeli civilians. Yesterday, on July 17, Israel saw no other option to stop the terror rocket but by opening a ground operation into Gaza.

    When the dust is settled, and the bad winds will relax as another wave of violence will come to a closure, there will come the realization that the only thing that violence breeds is more violence. The “zipper relationships” between Gaza and Israel of endless rounds of violence can hardly be said to constitute nay solution. In the short-term, this round of violence is likely to play to the hands of extremists on both sides. Hamas power is likely to rise, especially in the West Bank where Palestinians were not subjected to the IDF might.

    I hope the Gazans will elect for a different way of reconciliation over violence. In Israel, Lieberman’s Israel Is Our Home, and Bennett’s Jewish Home are likely to increase their popularity among the Israeli public. But in the long run, peace was and still remains the key for Israel’s security. And, in turn, two-state solution is the key for peace. In the post-Hamas era, two-state solution is the promise for a decent, normal future for both Israel and Palestine. Israeli leadership should aspire to settle the disputes with the Palestinians in a fair, just way. The Palestinian government needs to replace violence and terrorism with diplomacy, and be able to have full control on the monopoly of weapons. Without such a monopoly, the Palestinians will never have sovereignty and they will never be perceived as worthy of having an independent state.

    President Barack Obama has recently said: For all that Israel has accomplished, for all that Israel will achieve, Israel cannot be complete and it cannot be secure without peace. It is never too late to seed the ground for peace—a true and living peace that exists not just in the plans of leaders, but in the hearts of all Israelis and Palestinians.”



    Nicole Horelt. 

    (She is a freelance writer from Canada with a strong interest in geopolitics and foreign policy. She’s written with emphasis on the topics of Israel, the Middle East peace process, the EU, and has continued interest in the unique politics of the SCO, Eurasia, and international Arctic issues)

    “In response to the first question posed, the ‘why’ of it is sought first; this portion of the answer challenges a persons discernment and love for the truth. Though this writer respects all opinions and listens to all views, it is clear that there is only one answer; one truth: Scriptural and Historical facts speak for themselves, there is no Arab ‘Palestine’. Nor, should there ever be as there is no case for it, only continued propaganda fuelled by the underlying germ of global antisemitism – disguised behind many veils, both light and dark.

    The truth is that Israel has stood, is standing, and will continue to stand as the nation G-d has designated as the home for the Jewish people forever. The One True Judge: G-d of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob supports this stance in the Holy Scriptures of the Law, the Torah, and entire Bible and International Law supports what the EU and others in the Int’l community say’s it Doesn’t, according to their own false interpretation of it. (‘there is no justice in this world, only men’s interpretation of it’)

    Due to continued global political pressure knowledgeable of Israel’s peace-seeking nature, in the spotlight and the germ of antisemitism at the ready to infect and spread in the nations, false peace treaties are pushed

    at Israel with partners who don’t seek real lasting peace.

    To answer the second and third question, when Israel is terrorized with missiles, Israel must respond to eliminate the threat. There is no such thing as a ‘proportionate response’ against terrorism!  What other country is questioned in such a way and why ?  What other country takes such measures to protect civilians before strikes against terrorism targets, what other nation is more humane than the IDF in their responses against terrorism? They are not perfect, no one is, but their strategy is close to it, and should stand a s example of how an army should act.

    Hamas and all those who voted for them are represented in detail by what is written in the Hamas charter. It can be found online. Summed up, they are for not for true peace, but for jihad.

    The best solution would be 1.for the Int’l community to leave Israel alone to deal with those who live inside its borders with no strings attached.  Stop the BDS pressure and allow Israel an exit out of EU’s ENP ‘more for more’  plan with steps connecting ‘more’  Israeli integration (into the EU single market/economic trade zone)’ in reward for ‘more compliance’ by Israel.

    The steps agreed upon in this plan are unfairly imbalanced with her ‘neighbours’ , and connected to the current middle east ‘peace plan’ according to the EU’s false interpretation of Int’l law. The pressure of financial isolation looms over Israel if non-compliant with it.

    2.Let those Arabs (many Arabs are citizens of Israel who love it there)  and Jews who truly love peace get along and build their own bridges.

    3. Finally, since the root of this conflict is Spiritual in nature, it can only be solved in a Spiritual manner with the return of the LORD: “For He is coming to judge the earth; He will judge the world with righteousness And the peoples with equity.” Psalm 99:8″


    Ronald Bleier.

    (Freelance journalist based in New York where he edits the DESIP website. His articles have appeared in Left Curve, In These Times, Middle East Labor Bulletin,The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs)

    “There is already credible evidence that the murder of the three teens that has been the pretext of the current attack on Gaza was a false flag operation conducted by the Mossad. In addition to terrorizing and oppressing  the Gaza population, the current bombing program  and invasion is  meant as  punishment of the Palestinian people for daring to oppose Israeli oppression by attempting to unify their governments. That is why so many civilians and their infrastructure is targeted.

    A telling bit of evidence that the teens’ deaths was a Mossad operation  is the emergency phone call to the police made by one of the teens when  he realized that they were being kidnapped. The quick interruption of the call by shooting the boys was not inconsistent with what could be expected of an experienced  Mossad operative.

    If the murder of the teens  was really an Israeli black operation, it would only be yet another example  of the  theory that for Israeli policymakers  the problem is that there isn’t  sufficient terrorism to cover  their  ruthless intentions. It’s hardly a secret that Israelis intend to reduce the non-Jewish population to 20%  or less in Eretz Yizroel, of  the ever-changing boundaries. They made great progress in 1948 and 1967, amounting to the expulsion of about 1.5 million Palestinians and perhaps 70,000 to 90,000 Syrian Golanis. Ever since then they’ve settled down to the long haul, making life as difficult as possible for the millions of non-Jews they want to remove.

    Critical to their purposes is the full support of the United States.  In George W. Bush and Barack Obama they have finally found U.S. presidents who are as cold towards the Palestinians as they could wish.  When Barack Obama was elected, he chose to allow the December 2008-January 2009 Cast Lead operation to go forward and to continue until the very last moment — minutes before he took office.

    When will the current Gaza operation end? It will end when Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Obama agree it will end. It could end today (7.19.14) with a phone call from Obama.”



    Frank Palatnick.

    ( He was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize in 2008 for ” networking global education administrators in order to understand other countries, cultures and specifically students in order to create a pathway to a sustained peace.) 

    “1) I am neutral. Even though I was brought up in a Jewish household ( now I am an Atheist ), I do not bring my upbringing philosophies to my work. As a global facilitator I understand that I must see all factors in a situation. The wholistic approach is used in teacher, legal and judicial training academies around the world. Ethically, I cannot take any sides.

    2) based on the concept of ‘ Violence begets Violence ‘ I feel that Israel should find a more peaceful modality to prevent further hostilities. If someone slaps me, I will turn the other cheek. Bringing an offending/belligerent party to the International Criminal Court, in my opinion, would be the most rational approach to the problem. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( Article 15 ) ” Everyone has the right to a nationality ” and ” No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his/her nationality nor denied the right to change his/her nationality “.also the U.N. Resolution 181 created and established the partition plan for Palestine and Israel.

    3) Israel needs a more humane and peaceful strategy.

    5) The solution: I am attempting to do that as we speak. After World War II, specifically in 1956, President Eisehauer suggested that a civilian approach to the world problems be used. He therefore created and established an international organization that would ” exchange individual civilian experts in many fields and arenas in order to find a more down to earth approach that would attempt to solve many political and diplomatic issues and problems “. It was to be known as ‘ People to People Ambassador Programs ‘.

    In 1998 I was invited to be an education administration ambassador. I was sent to China, Australia and Jordan. I learned a lot about one culture’s understanding of another culture. They were seeing it as a generalized concept. Everyone was understanding the paradigm ‘ Those Americans……….. ‘ or ‘ Those Israeli’s ……. ‘ or ‘ Those ( fill in the blank )……. ‘. As I became more experienced and therefore understood more I found that the paradigm/mindset should be ‘ Individuals are individuals ‘ . Each one of us has different experiences based on the fact that I, and only myself, have my own experiences. Individuals interpret their experience/s in their own way based on their upbringing.

    After taking courses in ‘ Pre and perinatal psychology ‘ , which includes epigenetics, I came to the conclusion that our understanding and approach to our environment was due also to our ancestors. Of course, that wasn’t set in stone. Based on neuroplasticity, the brain/mind can always change. However, if our peers and immediate societal relations stay the same, that original mindset will stay the same. I have made it my business/career to attempt to alter the understanding of the Middle East whether they have a terrorist mindset or not.

    As we speak I am currently dialoging with government officials in Palestine and Israel through electronic modalities I.e. Email and efax. They include the Director of Teacher Training and ex Minister of Justice of Palestine as well as an ex Member of the Israeli Knesset. I am trying, with some success, to get them to understand that (1) Individualism is the proper understanding of society (2) Empathy is a more successful mindset than hatred and (3) Nuclear holocaust is not the answer based on the movie ‘ The Day After ‘.

    I am also trying to inculcate the frameworks found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as well as other legal frameworks found in the Manual of Human Rights for Judges, Prosecutors and Attorneys in the minds of Palestinians and Israelis. There is a facilitators guide for that manual. I am using that guide in its entirety to facilitate the understanding that it is about individual rights. Everyone is endowed with inalienable rights as a human being. We cannot afford to understand group philosophies. That can be and is dangerous to our continuance as a society.”


    Jaime Ortega-Simo. 

    (The Daily Journalist president and founder) 

    “Morally speaking, I support innocent people from each side. killing to prove a point to someone else is just plain wrong! because one way or another, its all based on biased opinion and personal beliefs.

    I am against the occupation of settlements from the Zionist regime, which secular Jews are having a hard time containing on Israel’s western borders; the movement is growing everyday larger in members, and there is an internal war that secular’s have to fight against in order to neutralize the rise of the ultra orthodox community.

    I believe the IDF, should punish more severely the Zionist and Hill Top movement, who are taking land segments from Palestinian territory only to feed their ultra orthodox Ideologies. Palestine is infested with illegal settlements occupied by Kahanist as of today, which I personally blame the IDF for not removing with more incisive determination.

    Palestinians have the right to protest against such occupations, and Netanyahu cannot complain against their demands because they have grown tired of Israel’s inefficiency to take down illegal settlements.

    The rockets launched into Israel come out of frustration. So I support Palestine based on a political basis. Israel’s excuse to attack Gaza, is based on the disappearance of 3 Jewish kids; in contrast, Israel has killed many more Palestinians on a one-on-one basis than what the media reports. Overall its not a fair war.

    Israel is a democracy, but when it starts to indiscriminately kill innocent civilians to prove an uncessary point, they simply look like a tyrannical regime that is blood thirsty for revenge. Israel doesn’t stand out for democracy, if it continues its military strikes. They are “humane” ways to solve problems, its not all based on retaliation and destruction. Palestinians hate Israel, and giving the current circumstances, rightly so.

    However, the problem where the Palestinian cause starts to crumble is based exclusively on their religious beliefs.

    I don’t support Islamic ideologies and despite their propaganda to paint a beautiful world, I don’t think Islam is a ‘peaceful’ religion by any stretch of the imagination (specially historically speaking); And no matter what part of the world you look into, even as of today (2014), with Islam always follows conflict of interest opposing other belief systems (its almost a norm everywhere).

    You just have to watch and hear the persecution of Christians, Hindus, Bahais, Buddhist, Atheist, homosexuals, women, non believers on different parts of the world; who either get kidnapped, tortured or killed for not following Islamic laws.

    I don’t want to witness the day when a western democratic culture is torn away by a 7th century believe system, that doesn’t deem necessary to adapt and adopt our present model of society with all its applied rules. I think that the adaptation of Islam is dangerous for the future of democratic nations, since Islam instead of adapting, uses democracy to try to conquer via ‘ideological propaganda’ the hearts of lower class citizens as an strategical advantage to their cause. Historically, everyone targets poor people to grow larger in numbers because a sandwich with a cute label, can transform into a future vote if you play your cards right.

    Case and point! One has to look at the Islamic Brotherhood, and how they successfully used democracy, feeding the needy in the streets of Alexandria and El Cairo for decades. After they defeated the regime, used ‘elections’ and called the peasants to promote their Islamic agenda to win seats in congress as an exchange to their decades of kindness. Trying to transform Egypt into a Talibanic state. They also used the secular youth to achieve their goal to expel Mubarak from power, and when Morsi won, they rebelled and turn their back to kill secular activists.

    I am pro ‘El-Sisi‘! And HAMAS, did not accept the peace treaty sent by El-Sisi, based exclusively on his hard stance with the Islamic Brotherhood; supporting religious based decisions over political decisions. HAMAS wants peace not based on a political view, but on a religious outlook.

    HAMAS is a Islamic fundamentalist based organization, backed by Al-Shabab, Al-qaeda, Al-Nusra, The Brotherhood…And its Hezbollah the Iranian fundamentalist organization the one supplying HAMAS with weapons. So its one fundamentalist organization supplying another — Not a Walt Disney story!

    Palestinians must understand that their belief system pushes the Israel-Palestinian cause back to an empty wall, ‘specially’ when they vote for an organization that supports radical Quranic beliefs. When terrorism strikes in Europe ,or the US, everyone naturally (despite their view of the Palestinian cause) goes against them and their party because it is viewed as a terrorist organization. And that helps and fuels the Israeli propaganda against terrorist organizations.

    So, on a religious basis, I can’t morally support the Palestinian cause. It goes against democracy, and against western laws achieved by its citizens after centuries of progress.

    Anyone who is serious about peace must look at the Palestinian-Israeli conflict in its complete entirety without picking just one slice that supports their personal opinion. Its much bigger than just one problem.

    Israel needs to pull back their troops from Gaza immediately, take down the illegal settlements build from the hand of the Zionists, treat Palestinians more humanly and not as second class citizens. They might not own the land now, but they have been there for millennia and should be respected. Israel should also not cut supplies to their Palestinian counterparts because its inhumane and intolerable morally speaking. Revenge doesn’t solve conflicts, that’s why ‘I don’t stab my neighbor if he drops trash in my garage.’

    Palestinians on the other hand, have to abide and respect Israel as its a ‘real country‘, and treat it not, as an occupational force. Palestinians must not vote for ‘radical Islamist organizations’, who look outside the world of politics, into a religious cause to support their inner ideologies which are of no good use for politics.

    If Palestinians vote for HAMAS again, then Israel in response holds the right to treat them as a terrorist organization, and not as a peaceful political party, since they represent the votes of the Palestinian majority. In no western culture that would be allowed because it could mutate into a systemic cancer, and the results would be no other than the expulsion of that country from NATO or from any other importance western alliance.

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    Directed to Putin, no mere accident “says Biden”

    July 18th, 2014



    The Daily Journalist.


    The Malaysian Airlines Boeing 777, that crashed Thursday in eastern Ukraine carrying 295 passengers aboard was shot down by a Ukrainian missile that was aimed at the aircraft of Russian President Vladimir Putin, according to a source at the Russian Aviation cited byRussian media.

    The source, who requested anonymity, told Interfax that there is the likelihood that the target of the missile launched from land or from a Ukrainian aerospace could have been directed to the Russian presidential plane.

    “I can say that the Air Force and Boeing Malaysian Airlines crossed at the same point and in the same corridor. This happened near Warsaw in level flight 330a at an altitude of 10,100 meters. Presidential plane was there at 4.21 pm  local time and Malaysia Airlines tickets to 3:44 pm  ”has specified the source.

    “The outline of both aircraft apparently linear in dimensions are also very similar in color and the plane, at a distance large enough, it is also almost identical,” the source added.

    Both Channel 1 as the Russian RT TV have echoed this information.

    U.S. President Barack Obama was intermediately informed of the accident by his Russian counterpart (Vladimir Putin), who had a telephone conversation, according to the Kremlin said in a statement.

    As reported by the Russian radio station Echo of Moscow in Twitter, in the Boeing-777 23 had U.S. citizens traveling. In turn, Putin expressed his deepest condolences to the Malaysian Prime Minister and asked him to convey his deepest sympathy to the families of the victims of the incident.

    The Boeing Company 777-Malaysian Airlines, covering the route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, crashed in the eastern Donetsk region, the scene of fighting between government forces and pro-Russian Ukrainian rebels. Around the accident, the Government of Kiev and the pro-Russian rebels accused each other of having shot down the device.

    Joe Biden has said late Thursday that what happened with the Malaysian plane carrying 298 people, ‘was no mere accident’, as was already pointed by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, saying: “We do not rule this plane also was hit. ”

    U.S. President Barack Obama had declared hours earlier that his priority was to find out if there were U.S. citizens aboard and offered U.S. assistance “to determine what happened and why” in the event.

    “As a country, our thoughts and prayers are with all passengers and their families, wherever they are,” concluded the president in a very short speech in which he made ​​no reference to the possible causes of the event.

    Obama spoke by phone today with President of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, and Prime Minister of Malaysia, Najib Razak, about the incident. The White House phone calls, Obama did from his presidential plane to New York, but only provided details for the first one.

    Poroshenko Obama thanked “the assistance of international researchers to ensure a full and transparent investigation of the scene.” “Obama assured (a Poroshenko) U.S. experts will provide all possible assistance immediately,” the White House said in a statement.


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    Hamas distrust Al-Sisi

    July 16th, 2014



    The Daily Journalist.


    The truce proposal designed in the offices in Cairo, foundered Tuesday, chocked by the internal situation in the Arab country that surged more than a year ago.

    The Palestinian Islamist movement, a branch of the now-banned Muslim Brotherhood, has lost faith in the solvency of mediation that Egypt exercised for decades. Sources of the group, which has governed since 2007 punished the Gaza Strip, and Tuesday regretted not having been consulted by Egyptian negotiators during the drafting of an initiative received by the Arab League and the United States, giving the green light for six hours Tel Aviv.

    They also blamed his refusal for the lack of concessions mentioned in the draft with extreme lightness “once the security situation stabilizes” and ignored their demands to free the 56 prisoners released in 2011 exchange. Those recently arrested on the “siege” of Gaza to Egypt contributed to the closure of the Rafah crossing, destroying the smuggling tunnels. On Tuesday there was even considered the inner voices that Hamas planned giving an ultimatum to Israel and Egypt.

    After these Rebuttals reality underlies a total distrust of the regime of former military leader Abdelfatah to Sisi, which meets Wednesday in Cairo with Palestinian President Abu Mazen. “The initiative has failed for the deep mistrust between Egypt and Hamas and that lacked enthusiasm, beyond serving the local placate opinion in respond to international pressure,” said Ghanem Nuseibeh, visiting professor of Kings College London.

    Since the overthrow of the Islamist Mohamed Mursi, who sponsored the 2012 ceasefire – demonizing Hamas was shared with the Brotherhood. His name appears in conspiracy theories that marked the coup and the process by which judges Mursi concoct the “greatest conspiracy in the history of the country.” The courts banned in March movement activities on Egyptian soil and declared a “terrorist organization.” The media animosity has led some reporters to defend Egyptian Israeli operation and Palestinian lives cut short by lead.

    With so much animosity, Hamas, has offered its last word on the proposed truce and has asked Turkey and Qatar to gain weight in the dialogue at the expense of Cairo. “Egypt needs to rebuild its regional influence. And at this moment, it seems that domestic policy is what determines  international operations,” says the expert.

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    Tripoli airport under attack from militias

    July 16th, 2014


    By Jaime Ortega.

    Tripoli’s international airport is for the second consecutive night, the scene of fighting between militia groups who have bombed the facility, causing nearly a dozen deaths in the last hours.

    At least two Army soldiers have been killed tonight, victim of the bombings that have also caused damage to the airfield and in 90% of aircraft located there, as confirmed by Ahmed Lamine, Libyan government spokesman. The situation is extremely worrying and the Executive is even raises “the possibility of bringing the country to strengthen international security forces.”

    As a result of increased violence and tension at the airport in recent days, authorities have closed traffic and suspended all flights.

    The victims this morning include seven people who were also killed on the eve, and 36  injured in the crossfire between militants from the town of Zintan, who control facilities, and Islamic fundamentalists.

    Libya is on the brink of tension, since the fall of the regime of Moammar Gadhafi in a tense security situation that the transitional authorities have failed to solve and has been deteriorating in recent months to lead to a deep crisis. The result of this situation, the UN has withdrawn its staff in the country in a “temporary” and announced through their website that they will return “as soon as the security situation permits”

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    Merkel and Obama first meeting after CIA scandal in Berlin

    July 16th, 2014



    By Jaime Ortega.

    U.S. President Barack Obama spoke today by telephone with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and proposed a bilateral cooperation between the two countries. Their first conversation since the expulsion last week of the head of the CIA in Berlin. “The president spoke today with German Chancellor Merkel on Ukraine, Iran and cooperation between the U.S. and Germany,” said in his Twitter account the deputy of national security and adviser to the White House, Ben Rhodes.

    Soon after, the official spokesman Josh Earnest said U.S.  in a statement that Obama and Merkel “exchanged views” on cooperation in intelligence. “The president said it would maintain close communication on ways to enhance cooperation ,” Earnest said.

    Relations between Washington and Berlin experiencing low moments after the German intelligence found this July a German spy accused of acting as a double agent for Washington.

    In addition, federal prosecutors announced last week that it was investigating a person who works at the German Ministry of Defense  with the possibility that he had leaked information to U.S. intelligence services. Repeated cases of espionage led Germany to ask the head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in the U.S. embassy in Berlin to leave the country.

    The White House has avoided comment on any of these two cases being linked to intelligence activities.

    Measures against Russia

    Moreover, the two leaders agreed on the conversation today that Russia “must take immediate steps to reduce tension in eastern Ukraine.” Merkel and Obama believe that Moscow should support a bilateral ceasefire, a roadmap for dialogue under the auspices of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the establishment of a monitoring mechanism of the border between Russia and Ukraine by that entity.

    Moreover, both agreed that the Kremlin should encourage pro-Russian separatists in Ukraine to release all hostages and stop the trafficking of heavy artillery, equipment and human resources flowing to the rebels. “The leaders agreed that so far neither the U.S. nor Germany have seen Russia or meet those aforementioned actions,” Earnest said.

    They also chatted about the ongoing negotiations on the Iranian nuclear program between Iran and Group 5 +1 (U.S., China, Russia, France, the UK and Germany) and the progress made during the talks.

    “They agreed that it is imperative that Iran take steps to assure the international community that its nuclear program is exclusively for peaceful purposes,” Earnest said.

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    Israel invades Gaza Strip

    July 9th, 2014


    By Jaime Ortega.

    At least 22 Palestinians were killed Tuesday morning in a massive military operation against the Gaza Strip by Israel. There are over a hundred injured. The military struck 150 targets from the air and from warships that block sea access to the Palestinian region. It is the largest military operation in the area ruled by the Islamist Hamas since late 2012. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu ordered his troops to “be prepared” for a possible ground invasion of Gaza, which would be the first since the end , 2008. The Israeli executive on Tuesday authorized the mobilization of 40,000 reservists.

    Israel, who baptized the attack as Operation Margin Protector enters a new phase between the recent hostilities with Hamas. The offense is, according to the Army, “an answer” to the more than 160 rockets and mortar shells fired at Israel on Monday. The air raid sirens sounded in Jerusalem on Tuesday night, shortly before bouncing a loud explosion and a smaller one on southwest of the city.

    Tel Aviv. A witness said that the air raid sirens interrupted the Peace Conference organized by the Daily Haaretz in the city. Alarms triggered in major Israeli cities suggest that Hamas was dusting off its powerful arsenal for this violent escalation. The Army requested that the population within a radius of up to 40 kilometers from the Gaza remain near bomb shelters.

    The rocket attacks are the most dangerous for Israeli civilians. Yesterday Israel, started opening its doors in Jerusalem for people to access bomb shelters. According to military sources, the military attacked nearly 100 Palestinian rocket launchers. They also bombed military buildings and the infrastructure of Hamas, as well as the homes of several of his alleged militants.

    Netanyahu asked the Army to “silk gloves until the problem is removed.” A military spokesman said the attacks had “reached” to various Islamist militants in their bombing. But, according to emergency services in the Gaza and hospital sources quoted by Reuters, the dead there are also seven children and 10 adult civilians.

    The rest of the casualties are of Hamas or other militant Islamist groups including a local leader of the Islamic Jihad, who died on Tuesday night in an air raid on his home in which his parents were also killed with his two brothers. The armed wing of the organization announced a “widening of the attacks.” The Israeli army reported an attempted landing on the beach of Zikim, near Gaza, repelled by soldiers. Killed five militants and one Israeli was slightly injured. The skirmish allowed a spokesman for the military to speak of “attacks by land, sea and air.”

    The president of the Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas, called “immediate cancellation of the attacks on Gaza.” The Israeli defense minister, Moshe Yaalon warned however that the military operation “will not end in a matter of days.” The Israeli military yesterday highlighted two brigades of infantry in the vicinity of the Strip. Netanyahu said he ordered “a long, continuous and powerful operation” in Gaza. He acknowledged that the transaction “could be of prolonged” time, yet undetermined. He argues that it is directed against Hamas and will serve to stop the rocket fire against its territory.

    Only left Gaza on Monday 165 different caliber projectiles and scope. Islamists, meanwhile, threatened to bomb Tel Aviv and its vicinity with more powerful missiles provided by Iran, or militias in Syria.

    Tensions grow Israel and the Palestinian border since June 12 when three young students of Jewish religion disappeared in the West Bank. The discovery of their bodies off a wave of consternation among the Israelis, who were buried on Tuesday in a mass ceremony. Hours later, they began a series of public disorder and attacks on Palestinian residents in Jerusalem, culminating that evening with the murder of a young man who, according to the Palestinian authorities, was burned alive. Israel arrested six Jewish right-wing for the crime. Immediately after the killing began massive Palestinian protested in Jerusalem.

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    Attack in Karachi’s airport diffuses negotiations in Pakistan

    June 9th, 2014



    By Jaime Ortega.

    After the release on May 31 of U.S. soldier Bowe Bergdahl almost five years in the hands of the Taliban. A new resolution opened the door of hope for a possible negotiation with the rebels to end the conflict in Afghanistan, Pakistan and therefore in return, the U.S. government would allow the release of five Taliban prisoners from Guantanamo’s detention center. Even so the swap was encouraging: the dialogue and agreement with the Taliban seemed finally possible.

    Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, has also decided since coming to power last year to sit at and negotiate with the insurgency. The second strength of the Pakistani National Assembly of Pakistan Justice Movement, the popular former cricketer Imran Khan, has come to defend the “holy war” of the Taliban.

    Yesterday all these hopes were dashed with the brutal attack in Karachi’s airport on southern Pakistan, in which at least 30 people died. Voices against negotiating with the insurgents have multiplied throughout the country, and the popularity index of Sharif and Khan began to plummet.

    “If a dozen insurgents can paralyze an international airport for hours, how many will thousands of them be able to achieve?” Many Pakistanis wondered on social networks. The local media also added fuel to the fire.

    Terrorists accessed the airport by eleven pm, local time, with false identity documents, uniforms and airport security emblems. They wore vests with explosives and opened fire with machine guns and grenade launchers at a terminal used for VIP and cargo flights. Pakistani security forces failed to regain control of the airport five hours later. All flights were suspended or diverted, and passengers evacuated.


    Objective: Destroy the aircraft

    The insurgents aimed to destroy all aircraft parked at the airport, according to a report on the attack that Prime Minister Sharif received yesterday. Still, no plane was hit but a building that is used for loading was completely destroyed, according to Rizwan Akhtar, head of the Pakistani elite Ranger forces . “The terrorists were foreigners. Some seemed Uzbeks” he explained.

    The known under the name Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack. A spokesman, Shahidullah Shahid, justified it as revenge for the death of Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud, killed in November by a drone. He also said that the attack was planned before the peace talks with the Pakistani government began, but was not carried out precisely because of these conversations.

    The negotiations failed weeks ago. The Government representative at the roundtable, Rustam Shah Mohmand, said yesterday that from now unto the talks be conducted according to “the terms of the Government.” The problem is that few want now Pakistan to start a dialogue. We prefer the rod over the hand.

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    Obama gives Putin an ultimatum in the midst of EU’s breakdown

    June 6th, 2014



    By Jaime Ortega.


    President Barack Obama is hoping his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, takes the opportunity given by the G7 to “re-align with international law” because otherwise, the West will “trigger sanctions directed to Russia that will have more economic impact and  less harmful to the European Union. ”

    Obama spoke of “several weeks” as the deadline for its position on Russia to redirect its politics and military strategy in eastern Ukraine’s territorial crisis. While admitting that Russia has “legitimate interests in Ukraine due to its neighborhood and its historic ties,” he reminded Putin that he must respect the country’s sovereignty.

    Obama will speak tomorrow in Normandy with the Russian president, where he has confirmed will have the opportunity to talk “face to face” but for now there is no scheduled bilateral meeting on the official agenda between the two leaders.

    The British prime minister, David Cameron, has advanced and advice Putin to require Russia to cooperate with Ukrainian President-elect Petro Poroshenko, and to use his influence to stop pro-Russian attacks in favor of independence.

    The final declaration of the summit of the G7 condemns the “unacceptable” interference of the Russian Federation in the internal affairs of Ukraine and warns that it triggers new restrictive measures if Moscow does not meet the demand: “We demand to Russia to recognize the outcome of the elections, complete the withdrawal of its military troops on the border with Ukraine, stop sending arms to the pro-Russian activists and exert its influence between armed separatist groups to renounce violence.”

    U.S. wants the UK to be part of the EU

    The institutional debate on the new president of the European Commission has starred in the ‘parallel’ agenda of this summit, convened in Brussels rather than the Russian city of Sochi in response to the international crisis around Ukraine.

    British Prime Minister David Cameron, leader of the group is opposing the candidate countries to the European People’s Party, the most voted in recent elections. Jean-Claude Juncker, appointed the new President of the Commission.

    Faced with reports that suggest that Britain had threatened to leave the EU if Juncker is  finally elected, the UK ‘premier’ has said that the only thing that matters is that “the Commission and all European institutions are led by politicians who get the message of the elections and are willing to make changes in the EU. ”

    “I have a strategy and know how what to do. I Want that Britain remains within the EU Member States to recover some of its powers,” said the British leader, who could be in a difficult political situation in his country if Juncker became the new president of the Commission. “In two of the largest countries in Europe, France and the United Kingdom, anti-European forces have won. We can ignore or get the message and act,” he recalled.

    U.S. President also praised the impact of a possible departure from United Kingdom within the EU. “I cannot believe that the European project is going to do well without the United Kingdom in the same way that the UK is interested in having a seat in the place where important decisions on economic and policy developments are made,” he assured. It has also been shown in favor of UK to remain a “strong, united and effective” partner in reference to the possible secession of Scotland, but acknowledged that the decision “is for the citizens to choose.”

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    “A Joke of an election”

    June 1st, 2014


    By Jaime Ortega.


    Yasser Abu Hamed the cartoonist who drew in his website the supposed candidates , did not seem to have opted for none of the three real candidates for the presidential election. The selfless voter had chosen a joke instead. The same that illustrated the ballot going inside the box.

    To Kamiran Shamdin , the regime had shown some mercy. Instead of amputating the five fingers of the voter, they let him have four . The index is reserved for what could be marked by ink when its cover .

    The black humor of characters as the Syrian -Palestinian Abu Hamed or Shamdin reflects shows the peculiar electoral campaign that has turned the Syrian people – based opposition in irony and sarcasm against the presidential elections tomorrow that must ratify Bashar Asad to power again.

    Front the regimes hype , opponents have turned their efforts on the internet where the two candidates who intend theoretically to challenge the current head of state have become the target of popular sarcasm .

    A struggle without real contenders

    Opponents point out that the parliamentary Maher Hajjar was the author of an article whose title was more explicit: ” Bashar or anyone else.” The same slogan that government forces have drawn on the walls of the cities that have been ravaged.

    Hajjar and businessman Hassan Nouri were the only contestants who were allowed to attend these votes with another twenty candidates who filed their nomination.

    Nuri , a businessman of 54 years , father of five,  lived a decade in Wisconsin , Lebanon and Switzerland , admitted in a conversation with ‘ The Sunday Times ‘ that a representative of the regime asked him ” in a very polite manner “A month to be submitted to the polls ago. “Nobody forced me ,” he said.

    In another interview he gave yesterday to the Associated Press , the former also Minister of the parliamentary gushed toward the figure of Bashar – which he defined as ” a great leader ” – and its predecessor , fellow dictator Hafez al-Assad as another good option.

    “I know I ‘m competing with a president who has ruled the country 14 years. Know that your dad was a great president, loved by many Syrians who led the country for 30 years. That means I have to deal with people who have won respect for society, ” he said.

    It even had an impact on ‘ The Sunday Times ‘ that will keep Bashar Assad over the army if he wins the election because if he had been in charge of the State it would have reacted as an autocrat when e suppressed the popular revolt.

    ” The three [ candidates ] will agree to 100-100 in how to deal with the Syrian crisis from the political – military terms ,” he said . At the same time, he refused to dismiss his own candidacy . “I am a serious candidate for the presidency. I’m Not sleeping . I’m Working hard , day and night. Never retire me [ from the election ] ,” he said.

    Yes, he admitted, ” most likely I will not win.” ” But Syria will win ,” he added

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    The European union gets a strong Euro skeptic response

    May 27th, 2014




    By Jaime Ortega.


    The EU Community policy was harshly hit by the Eurosceptic earthquake to become more hostile with the re-nationalization of some of the approaches discussed so far by those that support a European perspective . A total of 15 anti-EU parties from 13 countries have managed to enter the Parliament , which occupy 100 seats according to the official count which has not yet been completed. Fifteen forces that have led to their election promises programs such as the destruction of the euro, the lifting of border controls , the end of free movement and their respective countries of the European Union.

    The analyzes that follow these European elections agree to minimize the effect of these parties within the European Parliament, and who will occupy only 13.1% of the 751 seats. But recognize that it will have a great influence on EU policy through the pressure to make the governments for their respective countries.

    The cases of UK and France are the most symbolic breakthrough by two strong Eurosceptic forces that have become the most voted option for voters . The UK Independence Party ( Ukip ) obtained 23 seats and can create around the figure of their leader, Nigel Farage, a parliamentary group (Europe for Freedom and Democracy , EFD ) with a greater presence than in the previous legislature .

    This result leaves British Prime Minister David Cameron in a difficult situation. The message that voters sent through the polls is that the EU raises more problems than solutions , so the UK struggles to repatriate powers and subtract influence over other European alternatives . The UK has always being an awkward partner within the European Council , threatening to hold a referendum to decide whether to continue or not the club 28 and Cameron may be forced to further radicalize their struggle against the power of Brussels to ensure stability in domestic politics.

    Increased anti-European vote

    ” The increase in anti-European vote is a clarion call for EU leaders : if not great reforms are started and powers returned , citizens may end up opting soon for an out of the European Union solution,” said Mats Persson, director Open Europe .

    Something similar happens in France. His weakened president, François Hollande, has not only undermined seats to the European socialist family, but now with stiff opposition from the far-right Marine Le Pen, grown after the excellent results of these elections. His party, the National Front, has won the support of 25 % of voters ( 24 seats) and their approaches Europhobes condition with the way that France is negotiating with other countries in the European Council.

    Along with Ukip and the National Front , the Danish People’s Party is the other group involved in the Eurosceptic movement and has proved the most voted in their country. This group will add four seats to the anti-European alliance that begins to take shape with the first talks between their leaders. In Hungary the radical Jobbik is the second option preferred by voters , with backing from 14 % to bring three other deputies. There are also four other countries where Euroscepticism has finished third : the Austrian Freedom Party ( 4 seats ), Dutch PVV of Geert Wilders (three seats) , true Finns ( two representatives ) and Golden Dawn Nazis in Greece , where they provide three other deputies.

    In Italy , the surprise has been positive for the Europeans , as the ruling party of Matteo Renzi has surprised with a great result . However, this country contribute two Eurosceptic parties cut , although very different: the Northern League, far right , has five seats; while the left alternative Five Star Movement , Beppe Grillo, provide no less than 17 representatives.

    The same is true in Germany, where there are two anti- EU forces have managed to sneak for the first time in the European Parliament , after the country eliminated the minimum threshold of 5 % of the vote. Alternative for Germany ( AfD ) won seven seats , while the pro-Nazi NPD party gets one . The list is completed in Poland, with three seats for the Congress of New Right ; Sweden, which contributes two seats with the Sweden Democrats ; and Belgium, where the Vlaams Belang MEP achieved

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    Protesters demand Erdogan to resign after mining accident

    May 15th, 2014


    By Jaime Ortega.

    Thousands of Turks protested yesterday in the streets, in Soma, where the incident took place inside a coal mine.  Protestors took the street of major cities, shouting ” is not an accident , but murder .” Erdogan  the Turkish prime minister criticized the president of safety management for the disaster , which left at least 282 dead and dozens trapped.

    People have finally gone tired of tireless days followed with miserable salaries and facilities of dubious quality. The context of the dramatic explosion Tuesday in a coal mine in the eastern district of Soma, with 274 dead, evokes the stories of Charles Dickens nineteenth century. “Some 204 miners were killed in a landslide in England in 1838 ,” recalled Prime Minister Erdogan during the Soma region- where hours slowly moved after the worst mining tragedy in the last 20 years . People are demanding resignation and claiming “These are normal things’, referring to the current tragedy , where dozens of miners have not yet been rescued.

    After his words , the prime minister was booed so as to leave the place, and took refuge in a nearby supermarket .

    The Labor Minister Faruk Çelik , however , denied later in the afternoon that the mine had children : ” The young man was 15 years old, and we have clarified he was 19. We are not aware of any illegal workers in the mine. ” . ” According to regulations, children under 17 cannot work in a mine ,” tells Kusku WORLD Pinar , with degree in Labor Economics and Industrial Relations.

    Since privatization in 2005 , Soma Holding owns the site . Workers cited by the media network Donya explained that  with the change of ownership , the number of employees per shift went from 300 to 700 without changing electrical transformation systems. Local media initially said these factors as the cause of the accident. The Turkish government announced that , at the time of the explosion, 787 miners were working.

    “10-days ago workers were concerned about the conditions inside the mine . Something did not work in the mine. ” These are the words of the family of one of the dead, on the conditions of the mine hidden with anonymity . The causes of slaughter are still unclear , but according to Radikal newspaper an engineer who also wanted his name to kept secret was mentioned saying , “is not normal” that the explosion of a transformer derived on such a tragedy.

    Days tirelessly with miserable salaries and facilities of dubious quality

    According to survivors , the blast caused a fire inside the mine . ” Either you are hiding something or facilities were made with poor quality material ,” concludes the Radikal professional . ” The facilities spend at least two reviews per year. They have their documents in order and it says the job was top notch , “said Alp Gürkan , president of Soma Holding, yesterday afternoon .

    “What is true of inspections , and the mine is not particularly old , which makes me even  explain less what happened ,” laments Eliaçık . Özgür Özel , deputy of the Republican People’s Party (CHP ) , encouraged more public outrage by revealing that just 20 days before the mishap , Parliament had knocked a motion by all opposition groups to investigate safety conditions in the mine Soma.

    Turkey is the third country in the world and first in Europe to have workplace accidents. So far this year, not counting the deceased in Soma, only 396 Turks were killed in their workplace . 17 of them were children , six of whom were under 14 . Rampant poverty in some corners of Turkey, especially in the southeast, force many families to their offspring to grant a salary for education.

    A study by the University of Kirikkale shows that the mining sector is the most dangerous in the country, followed by metallurgy and construction. The number of accidents increased between 2004 and 2010 this year , to 14% of all accidents in the industry. And that despite the fact that the miners make up only 1.3% of the labor work state . Annually, an average of 80 miners in Turkey suffer accidents: one of 1,000 employees.

    “The company did not know how many workers it had at the time of the explosion ”

    The channel CNN Türk estimated that since 1941 , more than 3,000 miners lost their lives in the black bowels of the earth and about 100,000 have been injured. ” And what is worse , even hospital services in the region of Manisa , which is mining the area , were prepared for a critical tragedy.”  Said Kivanç Eliaçık , responsible for international relations of the Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions (DISK ) .

    In an interview to Hürriyet , in 2012 , the mine owner , Alp Gürkan , boasted of having reduced extraction costs between 130 and $ 140 per ton of coal to $ 23.8 . ” The company did not even know how many miners were working at the time of the explosion ,” criticizes Kivanç Eliaçık , responsible for international relations of the Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions (DISK ) .

    According to data of the Security Commission of the Turkish Parliament , many of the employees of the mine, the company recently privatized for Soma Holding did not charge over 13 euros a day. ” A salary is so far below normal salaries in the public mining,” mentioned Pinar Kusku . ” I suspect that what happened is a result of poor working conditions suffered by miners .”

    Soma was sunk in tears. Some family members were protesting the lack of coordination among government teams in the work of identifying the dead. Some residents began to dig the first hole to bury their loved ones. At least two villagers were arrested , according to some violent images , by lashing out at the street against the chief of staff.

    The tense situation was echoed in major cities . Police attacked with pepper gas and pressurized water to the protesters who gathered in Istanbul’s Istiklal Street and the Middle East Technical University in Ankara.

    “It is an accident, a murder ,” was the predominant cry the squad , who recovered slogans complaining of Gezi and demanded the resignation of the authorities.

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    Scott Greer, answers questions about the new health care reform

    May 15th, 2014

    Interview conducted by Jaime Ortega. 


    Scott Greer

    Scott L. Greer, Ph.D., a political scientist, does research on the consequences for health policy and the welfare state of federalism, decentralization, and European integration.


    1) Without Obama Care, how does the U.S. healthcare compare with other wealthy westernized countries?

    1. Without Obamacare- the ACA- the United States stood out for generally middle-of-the-pack results, a bit better on some things, a bit better on some others. But it also stood out for astronomical costs and, of course, the uninsured. So we paid twice as much as comparable countries for the same quality, distributed worse. We also, contrary to myth, show no sign of offering the world’s best health care; even very rich people often go to Switzerland or Singapore rather than the US. Neither quality measures nor indirect measures such as technology intensiveness put us clearly first. And if you spend twice as much as somebody else and aren’t getting something at least a little bit better, you are being ripped off.

    2) For many conservatives from the Tea Party and GOP, the Obama care health care program sounds to much like socialism. But is it fair to call Obama care, a socialist program?

    2. Not remotely. We know what socialist-desgined health systems look like. They involve, typically, fully tax-financed and often publicly provided health care, and generally do well on access and efficiency if not customer satisfaction. The ACA is hardly socialist; it is rather a classically American construction in which we make sure that every interest group with Washington lobbies, even highly unpopular groups like health insurers, is afforded a role in policy. Otherwise, it would not have passed.

    I’d also add that while the definition of socialism is pretty fuzzy, stretching as it does from some pretty right wing people in Eastern Europe to some people who are basically Communists, it basically never gets an intelligent definition in American politics. Socialism is basically just an insult in American political discourse, and should be regarded as such.

    3) How will the FDA, Pharma, Medicare and Medicaid be affected by the new health-care reform?

    3. Complex question. Short answers: the FDA is unaffected. Other legislation has given it enough to do. PhrMA (the lobby for big branded firms such as Pfizer) gets the terms of its basic deal in which the industry gives back a certain sum in taxes and in return is shielded from the kinds of price controls other countries use to control drug prices. Medicaid is expanded in states that agree to do so (under some quite radical Roberts Court jurispridence). Medicare is made slightly more efficient, notably by ceasing to subsidize the failed experiment called Medicare Advantage- though that is under counterattack by insurers who receive the subsidies and people who benefit from the subsidized policies. The ACA also closes the “donut hole” in Medicare Part D, which was a weird legacy of Bush-era budgeting. Each of these answers obscures a bunch of details.

    4) Its seems fair to say that those who can afford private health care, that Obama Care is a disaster because it will result into a “waiting list”. But is it fair for those who cannot afford private Insurance premiums? Is Obama Care really more beneficial for some and not for others?

    4. There is nothing directly in Obamacare to produce waiting lists. Expanding health insurance coverage without expanding the medical workforce suggests that there will be more difficulty getting an appointment, but that is likely confined to primary care. There is no reason to expect that the bulk of Americans- those with employer-provided insurance or Medicare- will experience a loss of access to care. They will continue to be the most lucrative patients for health care systems, and be treated as such.

    5) Many mention the waiting list as something negative. Is this “waiting list” really that problematic, considering those who are sicker should be attended first, before those who are not? Is the waiting list a better option than paying private elevated premiums to get great health care?

    5. Are waiting lists problematic? This is the kind of debate that people in other countries have all the time. Americans generally recoil from it (or, better, American politics rules it out- the survey evidence is ambiguous) and have no instruments through which to express our decisions anyway. We are no more capable of having a debate about rationing and priorities after the ACA than we were before. The reason is that we quite deliberately, as a polity, have chosen to avoid having the tools that would permit rationing on grounds other than finances- so tools like tough health technology assessment, price controls, and priority-setting for expensive treatments, which are common worldwide, are ruled out in the US context. The US, even post-ACA, generally rations health care by ability to pay rather than need.

    6) How will Obama Care play with doctors pay rate? Will it possibly lower it?

    6. There are two big ways doctors are paid that the federal government can affect. One is Medicare payment rates, which are separate from the ACA (and a mess in their own right). The other is efforts to reform the structure of payment by rewarding care rather than procedures thorough innovations such as Accountable Care Organizations. The effects of the latter are yet to be seen. Outside the ACA and Medicare law, the US health care system is also undergoing huge changes which we can crudely summarize as consolidation of providers into big systems and an increasing transformation of doctors from small businesses to employed shift workers accountable to managers for what they do. That is only partially because of federal policy- every sensible business wants to be a monopolist.

    7) Will Obama Care improve or lower the health care system?

    7. The ACA delivers one win: increased access, especially in states that expanded Medicaid. Right now there is a spirited effort to argue that health care doesn’t improve health, but it never seems to end in people giving up health insurance. It remains to be seen whether it will improve quality or efficiency, given that the price of passing legislation in the US system was removal of most of the policies that international experience shows to control costs.

    Right now, there is a particular effect at work in which existing dysfunctions of the health care system are being blamed on Obamacare- whether by people who basically oppose it as too left-wing, or people who view it as too right-wing (around 15-18%). So, when prices go up, or it is difficult to get an appointment, or the local health system becomes a near-monopoly of a badly run “system” it is natural to blame it on the ACA. Establishing an actual link is harder, though; medical cost inflation,  access problems and a trend towards monopoly existed before the ACA but the politics, and blame, were different. That is why we saw decreasing employer insurance coverage, decreasing richness of benefits, and longer wait times every year for decades but only now have them as major political issues. The ACA changed the politics and the profile of who is happy and who is not happy.

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    Unknown Civilization: Mouth Shoria megaliths

    May 12th, 2014



    By Jaime Ortega.

    A mysterious discovery was made a few months ago that could turn the theory of ancient engineering upside down.

    An ancient “super-megalithic” site has been found in the Siberian Mountains on accident by Russian explorer Georgy Sidorov .  Found recently in Gornaya Shoria (Mount Shoria) in southern Siberia, this site consists of huge blocks of stone, which appear to be granite, with flat surfaces, right angles, and sharp corners.

    Some of these gigantic granite stones are estimated to weigh more than 3,000 tons, and as you will see below, many of them were cut “with flat surfaces, right angles, and sharp corners”.

    Russian Megalthic Ruins Discovered 8


    Here’s the story, as reported by archaeologist John Jensen via his personal blog

    “I subscribe to a couple of Russian Blogs and Websites that post various data and information without the typical hype and filters of Western Science, Academia and the Press, let alone the fringe and “Alien” woo-woo crowd interests. The following are photos of some Super Megaliths from Southern Siberia near the mountains of Gornaya Shoria.

    The super megaliths were found and photographed for the first time by Georgy Sidorov on a recent expedition to the Southern Siberian mountains. The following images are from Valery Uvarov’s Russian website.

    There is little commentary on Valery’s site, so the images are displayed here without much comments, other than my own limited observations.”

    The following is an excerpt from a story on a Russian news source

    Some events that were happening during the autumn expedition could probably be called mystical. The compasses of the geologists behaved very strangely, for some unknown reason their arrows were deviating from the megaliths. What could this mean? All that was clear was that they came across an inexplicable phenomenon of the negative geomagnetic field. Could this be a remnant of ancient antigravity technologies?

    Of course much more research needs to be done on this site.

    Nobody knows who cut these stones or how old they are.

    Jensen believes that they come from a time “well back into the mists of pre-history”

    These megaliths reach well back into the mists of pre-history, so far in fact, that conjecture about their ‘builders’, methods, purpose and meaning is pure speculation, and as such, I would hesitate to offer any observation at all, other than to say our pre-historical past is richer than we ever dreamed.



    Russian Megalthic Ruins Discovered 6


    The discovery holds an important clue on ancient technology, as for many historians and archaeologist like in the case of  Randy Koppang , who holds the idea of mainstream ancient civilizations to remain clueless with recent discoveries found in Baalbeek (Lebanon), Giza (Egypt), Sacsayhuaman (Peru), Stonehenge (England), Puma Punku (Bolivia) and other pre-Sumerian civilizations.

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    Eastern Ukraine votes against Kiev

    May 12th, 2014



    By Jaime Ortega.


    Donetsk and Lugansk voted Sunday on a referendum for Ukrainian sovereignty with an uncertain purpose . Nadia, a resident of the city center of Donetsk missed rge” Russian Empire ” did not need to await the outcome of the votes, when she hit the streets yesterday morning  to find out the results: on a long line in front of the school for her daughter. It was the picture of the day . The figures confirm that same euphoria . In some cities where the vote count began the pro-Russian referendum before, ” only 5% of the vote has been against the independence” of Ukraine, according to Alexei Chmilienko said , one of the pro-Russian leaders Lugansk.

    The old worker pride Dongas – is the name given to the mining area covering much of both regions and even some Russian city takes a month – guarded by masked SMG . Despite the bad press that given to the separatist , pro-Russian citizens of these territories came out to vote driven by hopes of a better life and distrust of the Ukrainian government .

    In some cases weighed hostility towards the “fascists” of Kiev and in nearly all the resentment by the use of the military against the population. Only half of voters polled by saying a WORLD desire to a union with Russia .

    Vasili , 53, came in mid-morning to vote in the 96 School Donetsk . “They say that this referendum is illegal, but they are the rulers of Kiev who are not legitimate , they have taken power by crookedness ” . Could not say if I want a Russian or Ukrainian Donetsk . ” We just want to elect our own leaders , people who look for us and not for their own interests or those of Kiev” .

    Even the subject of the referendum was clear. In printed in haste by the pro-Russian rebel ballots that contained the question : ” Do you agree with the independence of the People ‘s Republic of Donetsk ? ” and ” Do you agree with the independence of the People’s Republic of Lugansk ?”. There were only two options: ‘ yes’ or ‘no’.


    Cut ties with Ukraine

    Insurgent leaders now want to form a new independent state called Novorossia , that means, new Russia. And the statement rest on the foundation provided by this referendum to sever ties with Ukraine. Among the most militant separatist leaders was Valery Bolotov , Luhansk . Following the success of this referendum he refuses to ” presidential elections on the 25th ” in these territories.

    This Sunday it was almost impossible to find people exiting polls to go to vote in those elections that Kiev promotes.

    The rebels have tried in recent days to lower the extent of their own practice . ” A ‘yes’ does not mean that the Donetsk region is annexed to Russia, or that would otherwise remain in Ukraine, or become an independent state,” explained Roman Liaguin , head of the election commission of the self-proclaimed popular Republic of Donetsk . The ‘yes’ last night is only a way means that the people gives them the legitimacy to continue the process , where income in Russia remains a key option .

    But the Ukrainian government has said that it is these separatist referendums , which are also ” organized by the Kremlin ” ,will have no legal effect on the territorial integrity of the country . This was stated the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Specially in Kiev Kharkov , where armed insurgents have managed to win and also have not agreed on the questions or voting ballot questionnaires. But will try again in Kharkov and Odessa and Nikolayev could join them .


    No official census or observers

    The truth is that there was an official census , and observers could not guarantee anything . Nor minimum participation was required, although organizers had claimed that the help exceeded 70 %. Kiev warned that ” the organizers of this criminal farce ” have knowingly violated the Constitution and laws of Ukraine ignoring calls by the Ukrainian authorities and the international community . But despite all the government defended a unitary national dialogue ” in which there is no room or terrorism threats , but the openness and unity of all people of good will to secure peace , stability and prosperity of Ukraine” . It seems the only way out after an injection of legitimacy that the insurgents have received this vote.

    Moscow was a silent witness , although it remains a central actor in the crisis. United States released a satellite image that would show that Russia maintains a significant military presence on the border with Ukraine , which in practice is a threat to the integrity of Ukraine and support for the Eastern secessionist  country .

    Voting did not stop the fighting at several points in this part of the country . The day began with shootouts between the Ukrainian pro-Russian forces and militias. One person died in Krasnoarmeysk (Donetsk) and several wounded in a village in the Ukrainian rebel region of Lugansk when people tried to keep out of the Ukrainian armored Army. In Slaviansk Ukrainian forces claimed to have dismantled three checkpoints roads that were in rebel hands

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    Firm uses 3d printing to make synthetic tissues and organs

    April 25th, 2014


    By University of Oxford.

    A University of Oxford spin-out, OxSyBio, will develop 3D printing techniques to produce tissue-like synthetic materials for wound healing and drug delivery. In the longer term the company aims to print synthetic tissues for organ repair or replacement.

    Isis Innovation, the University’s research commercialization company, announced today that OxSyBio has raised £1 million from IP Group plc, the developer of intellectual property based businesses, subject to the achievement of milestones. The new company will refine and advance the 3D droplet printing technology devised by Professor Hagan Bayley’s group at Oxford University’s Department of Chemistry.

    Professor Bayley’s group has developed a technique to print synthetic tissue-like materials from thousands of tiny water droplets each coated in a thin film mimicking a living cell’s external membrane, and studding these membranes with protein pores so they act like simplified cells. The group’s research was featured on the cover page of Science in April 2013.

    Professor Hagan Bayley said: ‘We have been able to print networks of droplets through which electrical impulses can be transmitted in a manner similar to the way cells in the nervous system communicate: the signal moves rapidly and in a specific direction. We also aim to integrate printed tissue-like materials with living tissues, and to print materials that themselves contain living cells.

    ‘Our long-term goal is to develop a synthetic-tissue printer that a surgeon can use in the operating theatre. In ten years’ time, the use of pieces of synthetic tissue will be commonplace. The fabrication of complex synthetic organs is a more distant prospect.

    ‘I am delighted to be working with Isis and IP Group to accelerate the development of our new company, OxSyBio. Our goal is to establish ourselves at the frontline of regenerative medicine.’


    Prototype droplet network printer built by Oxford scientists.

    Photo: OU/G Villar

    Tom Hockaday, managing director of Isis Innovation, said: ‘This is the type of technology where science fiction can become science fact and Isis is proud to have been involved in creating a company around Professor Bayley’s vision.’

    Alan Aubrey, Chief Executive Officer of IP Group, said: ‘Synthetic biology and regenerative medicine will be central to the development of healthcare in the 21st century and IP Group is pleased to support OxSyBio as it seeks to develop products that will help to realise the potential of these exciting and growing areas.’

    Video: shows a droplet network created by the team folding up into a hollow ball.

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    Ukrainian prime minister says pro-Russia siege part of Kremlin’s script

    April 8th, 2014


    By Jaime Ortega.


    Ukrainian Special Forces  evicted the headquarters of the regional government in the city of Kharkiv , occupied Sunday by pro-Russian protesters,  according to Ukrainian Minister of interior, Arsen Avakov reported .

    ” 70 separatist have been arrested ” Avakov wrote in his Facebook page. The interior minister said the police operation was carried out ” without the use of firearms .”

    Pro Russian Protesters seized government buildings in the eastern city of Kharkiv , Donetsk and Luhansk overnight on Sunday while demanding a referendum to join Russia , as recently seen in Crimea and Sevastopol . In fact, the pro-Russian protesters Monday unilaterally proclaimed independence of Donetsk .

    Meanwhile, the Russian Foreign Ministry has demanded an immediate end to Kiev to counter any military preparations in southeastern Ukraine and the concentration of troops in the area , which in his view could lead to a civil war.

    These forces are movements aimed at suppressing anti-government protests in Kiev in the area, mostly inhabited by citizens of Russian origin. ” We call for the immediate cessation of military preparations that could lead to an outbreak of civil war,” the ministry said in a statement.

    This is the Russian answer to the complaint of Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk , and the president in office , Oleksander Turchinov , who claim that the protests are part of a script written by the Klemlin so that Moscow mimics the ‘ Crimea scenario ‘ .

    ” An anti Ukrainian plan is being implemented ( … ) according to which , foreign troops will cross the border and take the country ,” said Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk in public statement on his cabinet . ” We will not allow it,” he added.

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    Obama calls Russia “regional power”

    March 26th, 2014


    By Jaime Ortega.

    This week waging the international policy battles Russia defied provoked the EU and the US, to increase economic sanctions that could end up hurting the Russian economy. The U.S. President  Barack Obama surrounded by some of the world leaders ,  dismissed Russia’s global strength and define it as a ” regional power ” ensuring  that concerns over ” nuclear threat” movements Moscow on its eastern borders  could impose heavier sanctions.

    “Russia is a regional power that is threatening some of its regional neighbors ,” he said after setting United States as ” the world’s most powerful country.” In his view the deployment of Russian troops on the border “is more a sign of weakness than strength ” and said that while Moscow is entitled to mobilize his army anywhere within its territory , the movement looks like a “provocation ” in the eyes of the Allies and the world.

    In any case Russia right now is not the number one threat to U.S. security . Yes it is nuclear – but the safety of this summit was held in The Hague , and the threat that these materials could fall into the wrong hands. “I’m much more concerned when it comes to the threat of a nuclear bomb in downtown Manhattan ” he said.

    The U.S. leader is a member of the G7 which expelled Russia from the G8, and is more willing to change sectored economic sanctions on Russia. Today I talked about restrictions on trade , finance , energy and the arms industry . He acknowledged that ” these measures will have an impact on the global economy,” but in any case the consequences will be greater for Russia.

    These measures will be activated only if Putin continues escalating tension and Russia violates Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity again. Not being a NATO ally , the country will have the financial and political support of the Allies, but not the military. The scenario of an armed conflict with Russia is only considered if any of the integrated NATO countries see their security compromised and activate Article 5 of the Washington Treaty , which states that an armed attack against a member state is considered as an attack on all.

    ‘ Diplomacy or sanctions ‘

    ” I will act in our defense against any threat ” said Obama of key military positions the United States and other NATO partners protect . Obama has stated that the allies are organizing ” more intensively to ensure that there are contingency plans and the necessary guarantees that will act to our own defense against any threat.”

    “There is a choice to be made ,” said Obama at the closing press conference of the Nuclear Security Summit . The reference to the two paths you can take from Russia – ” diplomacy or sanctions ” – reflects the point at which the conflict is . U.S. and EU insist that Russia is proving ” more weakness than strength ” bullying their territorial neighbors.

    In the presence of Russian troops on the border , Obama has admitted that Moscow “has the right” to keep its troops in any area if it is their territory. Of course, Russia’s strategy is ” bullying ” and the next move will “depend on how the international community unites .” The message coming out of this summit is aimed at Vladimir Putin that “this is not the way to solve problems in the twenty-first century.”

    During the summit the 53 participating countries have made new commitments to maintain nuclear safety. Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte , highlighted the commitment of two thirds of the countries present to incorporate into their national law the recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA ) and allow independent monitor controls to the security of nuclear material.

    Russia and China , however , have refused to sign this commitment , as well as Nigeria , India and Pakistan , which are not willing to a create global standards for nuclear safety , as the organization expected. In fact, Obama recalled that even before the threat of Russia, its main concern is still that of a nuclear attack on its own territory.

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    The Ukraine ready to join the EU

    March 22nd, 2014


    By Jaime Ortega.

    The heads of state and government of the European Union (EU ) signed today with the Prime Minister of Ukraine , Arseniy Yatseniuk , the next political chapters of the partnership agreement that the previous government was given in Kiev and whose rejection triggered protests in November

    “The signing of the political part of the EU-Ukraine agreement symbolizes the importance we place on relationships to move forward,” said President of the European Council , Herman Van Rompuy.

    This political support to Ukraine  gives the nation 1,000 million on financial aid from the European Commission ( EC) proposed Wednesday that consist of medium-term loans intended to help Ukraine out of the deep economic and financial crisis it suffers.

    European leaders seek and send a signal to Moscow that announced this week that it formalized the incorporation Crimean port of Sevastopol to the Russian Federation .

    The EU initially offered the partnership agreement to the Government of Viktor Yanukovich , who preferred to reject it and strengthen its relationship with Russia.

    This move sparked protests from the pro-European opposition forces that eventually led to the fall of Yanukovych the President of Ukraine.

    ‘ To promote the gradual approximation ‘

    The partnership agreement is intended to ” promote a gradual approach ” between the EU and Ukraine on common values ​​and special links to share and to encourage the participation of Ukraine in EU policies and programs and agencies.

    It also provides an appropriate framework for political dialogue in all areas of mutual interest and serves to ” promote, preserve and strengthen peace and stability.”

    It is also the starting point for establishing enhanced economic and business conditions that lead to the gradual integration of Ukraine into the EU internal market , including the establishment of a free trade area .

    It will facilitate cooperation on justice , freedom and security in order to strengthen the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

    The signing of the pact is not linked to any specific date to complete the process of rapprochement between the EU and Ukraine , but a review is expected of it within five years or sooner if the parties agree.

    Chapters signed today simply determine the political foundation of bilateral relations and create a number of agencies that will be responsible for monitoring the process of approximation of Ukraine to the EU.

    It also includes a commitment to hold bilateral summits at the highest level at least once a year, as well as other ministerial meetings.

    Mechanisms for cases in which the parties do not fulfill their obligations are also foreseen .

    Ukraine is not resigned to the loss

    Moreover, the interim president of Ukraine, Alexandr Turchinov , said Friday that his country is not resigned to accept the loss of Crimea, after Russian President Vladimir Putin , that today promulgated the incorporation of the peninsula in the Russian Federation .

    ” Ukraine will never be resigned to accept the occupation of their territory and will do everything possible for itx release ,” said Turchinov at a news conference with Secretary General Ban Ki -moon.

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    Uknown civilizations: Nan Madol

    March 19th, 2014


    Research by Jaime Ortega.


    One of the most fantastic and the real-life archaeological sites in the world is Nan Madol. Recently, around a wave of controversy and debate, particularly in connection with the publications to its origins.

    Nan Madol — that’s 92 man-made island near the island of Ponape, in which the unknown builders have erected many stone buildings, among which are the palaces, temples, forts, ritual pools. It even has its own underground prison. Island for its canals, replacing streets, reminiscent of Venice. Nan Madol — an artificial archipelago, erected in the middle of the Pacific Ocean — is something amazing. So do not put nothing esoteric in the capital of Nan Madol the legendary continent of the Pacific, known as the “Pacifis” or by analogy with Atlantis — “Pacific Atlantis.”

    In the problems of Nan Madol are key questions — Who, when and why erected island? What was his purpose? And how is it related to the history of modern Polynesia? Answers to these questions yet. And it is doubtful that in the near future a mystery of the island will be solved. We can only be satisfied with the theories and hypotheses.

    Unfortunately, official science has not found time to somehow lift the veil of secrecy that hangs over the Nan Madol. I now turn to the myths and legends of the Polynesians and the works of unique and even curious figures, what are, for example Helena Blavatsky — founder of the so-called Theosophical Society and Macmillan Brown. The last, Nan Magol was the capital of the rulers of the Pacific continent. This mysterious continent, which, by the way, is called Pacifis and Lemuria extended: from north to south of the Hawaiian Islands to the Marianas. In the east, it was limited to Easter Island.

    Extreme western region of esoteric attributed to the island of Fiji. And there is some sense. After all, Fiji also has stone buildings, its appearance similar sanctuaries Nan Magol. As a result of the flood caused believed Pacifis supporters, the fall of the celestial body, the continent sank into the depths of the ocean. Nan Magol, as well as Fiji, Hawaii and Easter Island later, with the lowering of the Pacific Ocean up to the surface.

    As with any theory, this view of the mystery of Nan Magol has the right to exist, especially as scientific research proves otherwise. Indeed, the very existence theory Pacifis also lacked a factual evidence. Therefore, the controversy surrounding the Nan Madol will continue.

    (N.Morgan) On our exploration of the strange and beautiful, I found an under water ruin called Nan Mandol,Micronesian. The mystery that surrounds this ruin was intriguing enough for me to want to know more. Some believe that aliens built this wonderous city. Again, I marvel at the ingenuity of the ancestors and their never ending en devour to improve their way of life. One of the greatest archeological mysteries in the world, the lost city of Nan Madol. Build on an ancient corals reef and covering more than 11 square miles, this ancient city is made up hundreds of artificial islets, intersected by numerous man made canals.


    Even more curious, many of the city’s larger islands are connected by submerged tunnels. The mysterious Nan Madol is built entirely out of gigantic magnetized basalt crystals, some weighing as much as fifty tons. In fact, the entire city contains an estimated 250 million tons of the prismatic basalt rock. Native mythology suggests that the stones were magically flown through the air and placed in the city.



    © Wikimedia/Hobe/Holger Behr
    Rough map of Nan Madol in the Federated States of Micronesia.

    According to the Weather Channel:

    Off the shores of a tiny island in the middle of the vast Pacific Ocean are the ruins of an ancient civilization. The remains of Nan Madol are the only standing monument of a civilization built entirely over open water, on a coral reef.

    The eerie abandoned stone structures are said to have inspired science-fiction writer H. P. Lovecraft to create a similar sunken city that was home to the monster Cthulhu, says Atlas Obscura.

    In reality, Nan Madol was once home to the Saudeleur, who ruled the island of Pohnpei for more than a millennium, reported Smithsonian Magazine. The 92 artificial islands of Nan Madol are thought to have been constructed over the course of several centuries, and then eventually abandoned after 1,000 years of habitation.

    Rufino Mauricio, Pohnpei’s only archaeologist, has dedicated his life to studying and preserving the ruins, which are built of 750,000 tons of black basaltic rock.

    “We don’t know how they brought the columns here and we don’t know how they lifted them up to build the walls. Most Pohnpeians are content to believe they used magic to fly them,” Mauricio told Smithsonian.

    He added that given the size of Pohnpei’s population at the time – fewer than 30,000 people – the construction of Nan Madol is an even larger and more remarkable effort than the Great Pyramids were for the ancient Egyptians.



    Impressive in their own right, these ruins represent the remains of megalithic architecture on an unparalleled scale in Micronesia.

    Evidence of the earliest human activity dates back to the first or second century BC. The construction of artificial islets started probably about 8th and 9th century AD. However, the megalithic structures were built in period of 12th to 13th century, about the same time as the stone construction of the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, or Angkor Wat in Cambodia.

    The complex of Nan Madol is constructed on a series of artificial islets in the shallow water next to the eastern shore of the Pohnpei island. The site encloses an area approximately 1.5 km long by 0.5 km wide and it contains nearly 100 artificial islets.

    Nan Madol seems to have housed the ruling elite caste of Saudeleur dynasty. It was a political and ceremonial seat of power. As a means of control of their subjects Saudeleur dynasty had succeeded in uniting the clans of Pohnpei. The rulers forced local chieftains to leave their home villages and move to the city where their activities could be more closely observed.

    Most of the islets served as residential area, however some of them served special purpose, such as food preparation, coconut oil production or canoe construction. Madol Powe, the mortuary sector, contains 58 islets in the northeastern area of Nan Madol. The centerpiece of the whole complex is the royal mortuary at the islet of Nandauwas, with its 7.5m high walls surrounding the central tomb enclosure.

    The population of Nan Madol was probably more than 1000 at a time when whole population of Pohnpei barely reached 25,000. There are no sources of fresh water or possibilities to grow food on Nan Madol so all supplies had to be brought in from the mainland. The population of the city probably included a large number of commoner servants.

    Nan Madol is the biggest center of the culture which left numerous other megalithic structures scattered on neighboring shores and on main island of Pohnpei; it all can be found in the area of about 18 square kilometers.

    According to local legend, the stones used in the construction of Nan Madol have been flown to the location by means of black magic. Archeologists have located several possible quarry sites on the main island, however the exact method of transportation of construction material is still not determined.

    Lovecraft used the story of the ruins as the basis for his R’lyeh, a fictional sunken city and home to Cthulhu, appearing in the short story “Call of Cthulhu”, as described as: “The nightmare corpse-city of R’lyeh … was built in measureless eons behind history by the vast, loathsome shapes that seeped down from the dark stars. There lay great Cthulhu and his hordes, hidden in green slimy vaults . . . until the end.”

    The real island of Pohnpei is also mentioned in the story.

    Nan Madol had been abandoned by the time the first Europeans arrived, early in the 19th century, most likely declining at the time of the fall of the Saudeleur Dynasty in about 1450. Some have claimed that the ruins are the lost islands of Lemuria, although there is no scientific backing for this claim (or, for that matter, for the existence of Lemuria at all).

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